MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
Until the end of 2019 Park system short-term rental will increase to 30 thousand cars, and in 2020 — up to 40 thousand.
Moscow became the first city in Russia where there was car sharing with electric vehicles. Machines of this type a transport fleet largest operator of short-term rental “Yandex.Drive”. Muscovites and guests of the capital now available 30 electric Nissan Leaf.
The project is the use of electric vehicles in the car sharing system of the capital is also developing the operator YouDrive (10 cars).
“90 percent of all environmental problems are not associated with factories, but with different cars, millions of whom travel on our streets every day. And of course, it is very important to change the oil, become more sustainable, more environmentally friendly became machines, engines. Fundamentally this can be changed only by completely abandoning the motor engines by going to electric vehicles,” — said Sergey Sobyanin.
According to him, the Moscow Government plans to significantly expand its support of electric transport in the capital. So, in the Moscow city Duma draft law on exemption of owners of electric vehicles from paying vehicle tax. The size of the budget subsidy on the purchase of electric cars to use car-share or as a taxi will increase in two times in comparison with the amount of subsidy on the purchase of conventional vehicles for the same purpose. In addition, there has been a decision to introduce free Parking places for electric vehicles.
Another direction of work is the rejection of the use of internal combustion engines for public transportation.
“With the development of the Russian automotive industry will consider options for the transfer utility and public transport to electric motors, which is very important. I think it also will happen in the coming years. You know that we bought the first batch of buses for public transport, motorcycles for the Moscow police. It is very important in this situation is to develop the infrastructure of charging stations for electric vehicles,” — said Sergey Sobyanin.
From the point of view of introduction of digital technologies in the sphere of transport Moscow today is at the forefront in the world, has noted the operating Director of group of companies “Yandex” Gregory Abovsky.
“And we see that the number of people who refuse to private cars and switching to using taxis, public transport and car-share is rapidly growing. And even today together with Russia we cooperate, and our drones ride through the streets of the city with special permission, which is also very important for the development of unmanned vehicles”, — he said.
Electric cars safe for the environment, silent and without charging to cover the distance of 270 kilometers. The machine can be rented for half an hour, an hour and a half to not had to charge it. To move to the Nissan around town and beyond, but to return the car inside the Garden ring.
From September 30 to rent electric car users will be able not younger than 26 years with driving experience of six years. In addition, the service will consider additional factors, such as the presence of a driver in fines and violations.
The largest fleet in the world
Active development of the Moscow car-share began in 2015 with 100 cars operator “Telemobil”. Today the city has nine operators of car sharing with a fleet of 750 machines 24 — 250 times more than at the start of the project. The biggest and most diverse Park of the company “Yandex.Drive” — more than 12 thousand cars. In addition, in the “big three” operators of the Moscow car-share consists of the company “Dailymobile” (7.1 thousand cars) and “Balkanar” (3.7 thousand).
For comparison: Tokyo, ranked second in the world, — about 20 thousand cars of car sharing.
It is expected that by the end of 2019 the Park of the Moscow car-share will increase to 30 thousand cars, and in 2020 — up to 40 thousand.
Operators of car-sharing offer users more than 30 different models and modifications of vehicles for every taste and budget — car economy and business class, with child seats, vans, retro, electric vehicles and others.
The total number of users of car sharing in Moscow has reached one million people. Since the beginning of 2019, users made about 35 million trips.
As of September 2019, the average car sharing users make 175 thousand trips a day.
Average travel time by car-share is 25 minutes. The average cost of rent, from six to eight rubles, in idle mode — three rubles.
Due to the fact that a car short-term rental during the day is used by several drivers, reducing the load on the road, increasing the turnover of Parking spaces and improve the ecological situation.
Company investments in the development of car-sharing exceeded 15 billion rubles.
For its part, the city provides operators with service terms for city pay Parking and subsidies for compensation of part of expenses for payment of lease payments or interest on loans for purchase of cars. In 2019, the volume of grant applications received exceeded 50 million rubles.
From scooters to buses
Today in Moscow was about 2,5 thousand units of transport with electric engines. Parking for cars electric vehicles for free.
210 buses of Mosgortrans transport more than 100 thousand passengers a day on 14 routes. By the end of 2019 the number of buses will increase to 300 units, and from 2021, the city will stop to buy diesel buses. Park Mosgortrans will be supplemented by buses and trams are the most environmentally friendly forms of public transport.
Moscow is actively developing a small electric vehicle. Every year the streets get more and more Segways and bicycles — both personal and borrowed.
The city has 40 charging stations for electric cars and 90 for buses.
4 Jul 2019 — in the framework of the Moscow urban forum, the Moscow Government and JSC “rosseti” signed The agreement in 2019-2023 years not less than 300 charging stations for electric buses, cars and two-wheeled electric vehicle with in service for 15 years on the contract life cycle.
“This week we installed ten charging stations to the new type, ultra-fast charging stations for electric buses, and will expand this work. By the end of next year, we hope to fully provide the necessary amount of stations for passenger electric vehicles and electric buses,” — said Deputy General Director for operating activities of JSC “Russian grids” Igor Mikhailik.
According to him, only on the territory of Russia it is planned to assemble about 800 charging stations.
“Part of our digital concept development — as a time of transformation — is to support electric charging stations for electric vehicles. He will be able to move from one point of town to the other, to reduce the consumption of energy to drive the load, thereby to reduce the burden on the consumer in terms of rates,” he added.
To use charging stations will be able to as owners of electric vehicles and users of electric scooters, motorcycles, bicycles and scooters. With a well-developed infrastructure it will be possible to transfer to electric and part of the municipal machinery.
To support new charging stations of JSC “rosseti” plans to invest in the development of the grid infrastructure of Moscow about 200 million rubles. By improving administrative procedures, the time for summing up the electricity and the electrical charge will be reduced several times.
It is expected that the cooperation of the Government of Moscow with JSC “rosseti” will allow you to create a well-developed charging infrastructure, appropriate to the growing popularity of electric vehicles, and Moscow will become an example for other regions in the use of this environmentally friendly transport. The Moscow government expects that citizens will actively contact the The Department of transportation and development of road transport infrastructure and OJSC “rosseti” with proposals for installing new Electrozariad at specific locations.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure will not be perfect.