MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
Photo: mos.ru. Maxim Denisov
While walking along the route, the portal users will be able to see iconic places in the city associated with the people’s militia victory over the Polish invaders. The informative walk will take just over an hour.
On the portal “Learn Moscow” appeared the new route dedicated to the time of Troubles. It was developed specially for the national unity Day, annually celebrated in Russia on 4 November.
“The national unity day was established to commemorate the events of 1612, when the militia led by Kuzma Minin and Dmitry Pozharsky liberated Moscow from Polish invaders and put an end to the time of Troubles. Walking along a new route on the portal “Learn Moscow”, the townspeople and tourists, which hosted the historic battle with the poles, the story of which of these buildings is closely connected with the times of Turmoil and how the Shrine helped liberate from the Polish invaders in the Kremlin,” — said
In order to find the route description on the portal “Learn Moscow” to choose the tab “Routes” and then from the list — walk “Moscow in time of Troubles”.
This is a route of six kilometers and includes nine items. All are marked on an interactive map. Clicking on one of the nine points, you can find information about a particular place associated with the time of Troubles. The informative walk will take just over an hour.
It starts from the house of Orlova-Denisov on Bolshaya Lubyanka. At different times they owned Dolgoruky, Naryshkin, Golytsin’s, Khovansky’s and Volkonsky. During the reign of Anna Ioannovna, it housed the Mint, and in the reign of Elizabeth — Chambers-Board, head of Treasury charges. In the early XVII century on this place were the stone chambers of Prince Dmitry Pozharsky. Is near them in 1611 there was a battle unit of the Russian militia with the Polish invaders seized Moscow.
Following point of a route Church of the Kazan Icon of the Mother of God on Nikolskaya street. It stands on the site of a historic battle with the poles, which took place on 1 November (October 22) 1612. It was then that the second militia managed to take over China town and a few days later, on 5 November (October 27), freed from invaders, the Kremlin. The militia brought with them to Moscow, the miraculous icon of the Kazan icon of the mother of God, in whose honor later Dmitry Pozharsky and built the temple. In 1632, the wooden Church burned down, and in its place was built a new stone. Later, the appearance of the Church has undergone great changes, and in the Soviet years it was demolished. In the early 1990-ies the Cathedral was restored according to the preserved materials.
And on the street Ilyinke is the Church Prophet Elijah in the Novgorod compound. It is with alarm bell Elias bell began an uprising against false Dmitry I in 1606.
From Ilinka route leads to the Red square where the Kremlin walls there is a monument to Minin and Pozharsky. A proposal to memorialize the leaders of the second militia in the early nineteenth century were made by members of the Free society of lovers of literature, Sciences and arts. The monument is made by sculptor Ivan Martos.
Within the walls of the The Moscow Kremlin occurred many events of the Troubles. Here in 1605 to the people brought false Dmitry I, here he built himself a magnificent Palace in the Polish style. In 1606 the pretender was killed during a popular revolt. In addition, the walls of the Kremlin were hiding the Polish troops of colonels of the Jet and Bodily, until they were driven out the militia in 1612.
From the Kremlin through the Borovitsky area you can go to the street Volkhonka in the years of the Troubles, it was called chertolskie ones. Russian troops managed to take it in March 1611. On two sides they were protected walls of the White city, but the poles out of the Kremlin through the gate Tynieckie March on the ice of the Moscow river and walked into the city through the unlocked Chertolskie ones gate— now Prechistenskaya. The invaders attacked the Russian army and slew him. Just place this fight is the Cathedral of Christ the Savior. However, it was built in honor of other events — in memory of the victory over Napoleon and the expulsion of the French army from Russia.
The route ends in the 2nd Obydensky lane. There is the Church of Elijah the Prophet Everyday. On 3 September (24 August), 1612, the day one of the decisive battles of the militia with the Polish interventionists, kelar ‘ (monk, head of the monastery farm) the Trinity-Sergius monastery Abraham Palitsyn served here prayer for victory over the poles. It was attended by Dmitry Pozharsky. Near the temple was the headquarters of the second militia, who eventually repelled the onslaught of Hetman Chodkiewicz.
Still a few places associated with the events of the time of Troubles, the users of the portal “Learn Moscow” can visit out of the way. It Krutitsy metochion where the militia stayed on the outskirts of Moscow, and the Church of St Clement. There in 1612, turned the battle between the Cossacks and a detachment of Hetman Chodkiewicz.
And being close to the metro station “Dobryninskaya“you can remember that 400 years ago there was a border of Moscow with an earth mound and a wooden fortress. Through Serpukhov gates in 1605 in the city officially entered the false Dmitry I.
“Discover Moscow” is a joint project of the departments of education and science, cultural heritage, culture and information technology. Interactive guides to the sights of the capital include descriptions of the 1.8 thousand buildings and structures, 643 monuments, museums 318, 192 territories, the information about 207 historical figures and 98 thematic walking routes.
National unity day — a public holiday. It is celebrated on November 4 since 2005. The holiday was established in honor of the victory of the people’s militia led by Kuzma Minin and Dmitry Pozharsky over the forces of the Commonwealth.
In honor of national unity Day in Moscow traditionally offers a variety of activities. From 2 to 4 November in Moscow in the third time will be festival “Day of national unity”. This year the festival will unfold on nine the Fairgrounds and 21 Playground in city parks.
Muscovites and tourists will be able to learn about the culture and traditions of the peoples of all the eight Federal districts of Russia. It offers performances of creative collectives, games, craft and cooking classes and other activities. In addition, at the festival, you can buy Handicrafts and try out treats from different regions.
And from October 28 to November 4 in the framework of the festival “the Day of national unity” for the Muscovites and tourists is 30 free educational tours. Guides of the project “Walking in Moscow” invites you to pass on the Central Moscow streets and alleys, to visit the Ostankino estate, the garden of “Hermitage” and Lefortovo Park, to get acquainted with Moscow Gilyarovskogo, Tsvetaeva, Akhmatova, Yesenin, Chaliapin and Stanislavsky, as well as to hear many fascinating stories about our city and its famous residents. To participate in excursions, it is enough to register on the project website “Walking in Moscow”. The duration of each tour is two to two and a half hours.
In the national unity Day Parking in the capital will be free. November 4, it will be possible to leave the car on any street of Moscow, is included in the area of urban Parking space. Pay will be only planar Parking with gates — they will work in normal mode at current rates.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure will not be perfect.