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Source: European Parliament

Attention has been drawn to a fall in pollinator numbers owing to the use of pesticides that are harmful to insects and to the plants they feed on. Commission Implementing Regulations (EU) 2018/783, 2018/784 and 2018/785 banned the placing on the market and use of seeds treated with plant protection products containing imidacloprid, clothianidin and thiamethoxam (neonicotinoids).

The bans will not apply if the seeds are intended exclusively for use in permanent greenhouses and the resulting crops stay within a permanent greenhouse for their entire life cycle. Herbicides are other chemical substances used in agriculture, and they too have adverse effects on pollinator numbers. Other threats include the effects of pathogens and parasites, and the move away from polyculture.

With regard to the ban on the use of neonicotinoids, has the Commission carried out a comprehensive assessment of the situation regarding the availability of alternatives to the banned substances that would have less of an impact on biodiversity, including pollinator numbers?

What impact will phasing out the use of the active substances concerned have on production costs?

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