Source: China State Council Information Office
The Iran nuclear deal remains crucial to regional and international security, said Rosemary DiCarlo, the UN undersecretary-general for political and peacebuilding affairs, on Tuesday.
“The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), endorsed by (Security Council) Resolution 2231, is a significant achievement of multilateral diplomacy and dialogue. It remains crucial to the global nuclear non-proliferation architecture and to regional and international security,” DiCarlo told the Security Council, using the official name of the nuclear deal.
It is, therefore, regrettable that the future of this agreement is in doubt after the withdrawal of the United States from it and the reversal of some of Iran’s commitments, she said.
The United States withdrew from the agreement in May 2018. Before that date, the International Atomic Energy Agency verified in 11 reports that Iran was complying with its nuclear commitments contained in the plan, she noted.
“We regret the U.S. withdrawal from the plan. The reimposition of U.S. national sanctions lifted under the plan, as well as the decision not to extend waivers for the trade in oil with Iran and on all remaining JCPOA-originating projects, are contrary to the goals of the JCPOA. These actions have impeded the ability of Iran and other member states to fully implement the plan and the (Security Council) resolution.”
The United Nations also regrets the steps Iran has taken since July 2019 in response to the U.S. withdrawal, she said.
As a result of those steps, Iran has surpassed JCPOA-stipulated limits on its uranium enrichment level and on its stockpiles of heavy water and low-enriched uranium. Iran has also lifted JCPOA limitations on its nuclear research and development activities, she said.
Notwithstanding the current challenges to the nuclear deal, it remains the best way to ensure the exclusively peaceful nature of Iran’s nuclear program. Its full implementation, as well as faithful adherence to Resolution 2231, is also fundamental to regional stability, said DiCarlo.