MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
Work on the restoration and preservation of the monument is planned to begin in 2021.
In Moscow will be restored, a monument to the writer Maxim Gorky, the author of which is the legendary sculptor Vera Mukhina. This monument is the cultural heritage object of regional importance. He is in the territory of the Institute of world literature named after A. M. Gorky of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
“Today marks the 131 anniversary of the birth of the outstanding Soviet sculptor Vera Mukhina. More than a dozen of her unique pieces adorn the capital, and surely the citizens will easily remember not a single monument of its authorship. Experts-restorers regularly monitor the condition of each monument. Next year we plan a comprehensive restoration of the monument to Maxim Gorky at Cook street”, — said the head of the Metropolitan
Gorky monument was opened on 11th January 1956. This is a sculpture of the writer in full growth, made of bronze. Hands behind his back. Head rotation, pose, Cape fluttering — all this creates a dynamic image. Sculpture is mounted on a thin bronze plinth and placed on the granite pedestal of cubical shape.
This is not the only monument to Gorky, which was created by Vera Mukhina. The most famous work in which she participated, — the monument of the writer, placed in front of the Belorussky railway station. In 2017, after nearly 12 years of being in the Park of arts “Muzeon”, it is returned to its original place.
Before this monument was restored, and the pedestal under the sculpture re-assembled after dismantling in 2005. Group of authors, which was composed of Alexey Zhdanov and Nina Zaitseva, became a laureate of the contest “Moscow restoration — 2017” for the best project of restoration and high quality repair and restoration work.
In the same year was restored several monuments in which Vera Mukhina played a crucial role: the sculpture “Fertility” in the Park of Friendship on the Festival street and allegorical sculpture “Earth” and “Water” on Luzhnetskaya waterfront. In 2018 has completed the comprehensive restoration of the house, where last years lived and worked Vera Mukhina. The two-story building located at the address: Prechistensky pereulok, 5A, was built in 1947. Large-scale restoration lasted about two years and has affected both residential and working of the house. At the same time in order to lead and a monument in the Prechistensky lane, dedicated to the Vera Mukhina.
“In the near future experts will start the development of the restoration project of the monument to Maxim Gorky at Cook street. They have to describe and justify all future decisions. After this project goes for approval to our Department”, — said Alexey Emelyanov.
Regular support work is carried out and the famous sculptural composition “the Eternal youth of science” at the main building of Moscow state University named after M. V. Lomonosov.
Previously doing the restoration not only of the monuments created by Vera Mukhina, but the gravestones over which she labored. So, in 2014, the restoration of three important works in her oeuvre: the tombs of Gorky’s son, Maxim Peshkov, in the Novodevichy cemetery
Vera Mukhina (1889-1953) — Russian artist, Soviet sculptor-monumentalist. Studied in Moscow and Paris. In 1935-1937 by her sketches was created the monument “worker and collective farm girl”, which was intended for the Soviet pavilion at the world exhibition in Paris, designed by Boris Iofan, and many other monuments in the capital, which became legendary.
Maxim Gorky (1868-1936) — Russian and Soviet writer, poet, novelist, playwright, founder of the literature of socialist realism.
Conservation and restoration of architectural monuments in Moscow — the most important direction in the work of the Department of cultural heritage. Many monuments find a new life, adapt them for modern use, while maintaining the historical appearance of the capital. With 2011 in the city restored more than 1,400 cultural heritage, 203 of which in 2019.
After removing to the city restrictions associated with the spread of coronavirus infection, work has continued on the restoration of the famous gazebo rotundas in Gorky Park. For the past two centuries, they are a favorite place of rest of the townspeople walking along the embankment of the Moscow river. In addition, in the near future will begin restoration of the mansion of the merchants of the Markov on the street karetnyy Ryad. It is in this historical mansion, in the years 1903-1920 lived the famous Director Konstantin Stanislavsky.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure will not be perfect.