MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
State mine-rescue service of Russia organized on 6 July 1922 in accordance with the decree “About the rescue and the test case in the Russian Federation”.
Initially the task of the rescuers was part of “the disaster management in all mining companies (the struggle against gases, landslides, explosions, fires and flooding)”. In addition to the professional staff of mine-rescue stations at individual mines and mines were organized auxiliary rescue (reserve) team from among the miners.
Long time rescue units were administered by the Ministry of industry and trade, the Ministry of energy and Rostekhnadzor. In 2010 guidance was entrusted to EMERCOM of Russia.
Currently, the total number of professional rescuers of the Ministry is about 4.5 thousand, and the number of auxiliary mine rescue teams reaches 430 with a population of about 14 thousand experts. Modern mine rescue brigades equipped with sophisticated rescue equipment to rescue the miners, and also liquidation of consequences of accidents at mining operations. Over the past 10 years, the Russian rescuers eliminated the effects of more than 380 major accidents, saved lives more than 10 thousand miners.
Rescuers of EMERCOM of Russia carried out cover about 1,500 hazardous production facilities of mining operations. Among them, coal mines, open pit mines, processing plants and mineral processing, facilities of underground construction.
In dynamically changing conditions for the mining operations before VGSCH of EMERCOM of Russia set new goals and objectives that are associated with the improvement of the legal basis of activities of rescue workers, modernization of equipment and technology. Today, the mountain rescue service of EMERCOM of Russia is actively developing.
For example, a year ago, the Norilsk militarized mine-rescue detachment of the Ministry. In its composition 119 rescuers carrying out rescue services to 19 of the hazardous production facilities located in the Norilsk industrial district.
For training rescuers were created in 2014 national mine rescue center of EMERCOM of Russia, located in Novokuznetsk, Kemerovo region.
The structure of the center includes a unique rapid response unit – militarized mine-rescue detachment, intended for conducting all kinds of rescue works and liquidation of consequences of various emergency situations. The detachment operates Russia’s only diving group, able to perform underwater and technical works in the conditions of the flooded mine workings.
Academic buildings equipped with modern equipment and technology, allowing you to use the process of professional training of rescuers and miners most advanced educational technologies, including virtual reality system.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and/or sentence structure will not be perfect.