MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
We will tell you who founded the village of Zyuzino, when it became part of Moscow and how many residents of the district will receive new apartments under the renovation program.
Zyuzino is a small area in the south of the capital. Today 127 thousand people live in it. A metro station of the same name is being built here and a renovation program is being implemented, thanks to which in the future every third inhabitant of Zyuzin will move to a new apartment. Read about the history of the region, modern construction sites and promising projects in the mos.ru article.
From the patrimony of the oprichnik to the first Khrushchevs
The name of the village located here probably arose thanks to the Duma nobleman Vasily Zyuzin, who received an estate under Ivan the Terrible for his faithful service during the years of the oprichnina. This version is supported by Larisa Skrypnik, senior researcher at the Museum of Moscow. The list of further owners of the estate is quite extensive and includes representatives of noble aristocratic families: Morozov, Odoevsky, Prozorov, Beketov. At one time the owner of the estate was the noblewoman Theodosia Morozova. After the death of her husband, she was carried away by the sermons of Archpriest Avvakum, abandoned her wealth and did not accept the reforms of Patriarch Nikon. It is she who can be seen in the famous painting by Vasily Surikov “Boyarynya Morozova”.
In 1704, at the behest of Prince Boris Prozorovsky, a stone church of Boris and Gleb in the Moscow Baroque style was built in the village. Under Peter Beketov, who married the wealthy heiress of the Ural breeders Irina Myasnikova, the estate flourished. But the old manor house has not survived to this day – it was dismantled for the construction of neighboring summer cottages. In the second half of the 19th century, the estate passed to the merchant Dmitry Romanov, who will build a brick factory here. And from the magnificent estate of the Prozorovsky – Beketovs, one wing and a temple have survived.
In 1960, Zyuzino became part of Moscow. New highways in the areas of mass residential development in the capital were oriented to the south-west, which was reflected in the names of avenues and streets of the district. For Zyuzin, an innovative project was developed, according to which almost half of the territory was allocated for boulevards and parks. They wanted to build new experimental series of houses here, but the project was criticized as too expensive. As a result, industrial housing construction triumphed, and the microdistricts were built up with houses of two or three standard series.
According to Larisa Skrypnik, the widespread opinion that Zyuzino was the first district where Khrushchev buildings were erected is in fact wrong. In fact, they appeared here later than in Cheryomushki, Kuzminki and Khoroshevo-Mnevniki. A significant part of the houses built during that period were included in the renovation program.
New houses and roads
Zyuzino entered the top three districts – leaders in terms of the number of houses included in the renovation program. They plan to resettle 182 buildings (more houses will be resettled only in Perov and Kuzminki). More than 44 thousand residents will receive new apartments.
To start the resettlement, 24 launch sites were selected. Nine houses are being built in the area. Five of them will be commissioned this year, and four more next year. In addition, construction of two houses is planned to begin in the near future. Another 13 buildings are in the design stage.
Within the framework of the renovation program, new green areas, playgrounds and sports grounds, and recreation areas will be created in Zyuzin. The total area of improvement will be almost
130 hectares. Among other things, it is planned to create a boulevard zone from the Zyuzino metro station to the Perekopsky pond. It will become a continuation of the linden alley that runs from Bolotnikovskaya to Perekopskaya street.
The planning projects include the possibility of reorganizing the territory located between the Zyuzino park and Balaklavsky prospect. Today there are garages here, and in the future a park area may appear. Thus, a single green axis of the entire district will be formed, starting from Bolotnikovskaya Street and leading to the natural and historical park “Bitsevsky Les”.
The specially protected natural area “Valley of the Kotlovka River” will not be affected during construction: new houses will be located even farther from the boundaries of the natural park than existing ones.
The asphalt concrete plant, which is located on the territory of the 35th quarter, will be taken out of bounds residential development. The industrial zone is planned to be comprehensively reorganized, as well as to form new driveways. They will connect the quarters of the district and improve transport accessibility both on the territory of Zyuzin and on the city highway – Balaklavsky Avenue.
Construction of social facilities
Under the renovation program in Zyuzin they will build 12 educational facilities: eight kindergartens and four schools. In addition, at the expense of the city budget, the construction of an art school, a music school, a Palace of Culture, a polyclinic and a sports and recreation complex is envisaged.
This year on Azov street will start work The center for outpatient oncological care at the city clinical hospital No 40. It will become the largest in Moscow: after a major overhaul, its capacity will be 470 visits per shift. Residents of the Southern and Southwest Administrative Districts will be able to receive specialized assistance here. In the five-story building, patients will be received by oncologists, urologists, gynecological oncologists, hematologists and chemotherapists, as well as an express laboratory and a day hospital for chemotherapy.
A separate building will house a radiation diagnostics department with expert-class equipment, including ultrasound systems, CT and MRI machines, an X-ray diagnostic complex, a mammograph, and electrocardiographs. They will help specialists detect neoplasms only a few millimeters in size.
Metro station opening
In 2021, the Zyuzino station of the Big Circle Line (BCL) of the metro will open in the district. It will be located between the Vorontsovskaya stations (also open in 2021) and Kakhovskaya (temporarily closed station of the former Kakhovskaya line). “Zyuzino” is being built in a zone of formed residential development. There are also many different institutions, enterprises, children’s and educational institutions in the vicinity. So the expected passenger traffic of the new station will be about 150 thousand people per day.
The length of the southern section of the BCL will be seven kilometers. It will house three stations: Novatorskaya, Vorontsovskaya and Zyuzino. The station “Prospekt Vernadsky” of the BCL forms a transfer hub with the station of the same name on the Sokolnicheskaya line, the station “Vorontsovskaya” – with the station “Kaluzhskaya” of the Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya line. The Novatorskaya station of the BCL will become an interchange with the Novatorov street station of the Troitskaya line under construction.
To integrate with the BCL, an almost complete reconstruction of the former Kakhovskaya line had to be carried out. Specialists update the infrastructure, change utilities, rails, wall cladding and platforms. Kakhovskaya station will become more convenient for passengers with limited mobility. An elevator will be installed in one of the lobbies, connecting the platform with the checkout hall and the exit at the intersection of Azovskaya and Kakhovka streets. Today, the station is undergoing architectural and finishing work, arrangement of the main structures of the lobby and a new passage to Sevastopolskaya.
The opening of the southern section of the BCL will improve the transport situation in the districts of Prospekt Vernadsky (ZAO), Obruchevsky, Konkovo, Cheryomushki and Zyuzino (South-Western Administrative District). By creating a new high-speed direct connection between areas, it will become more convenient for passengers to build routes and they will spend less time en route.
“Clear sky”, lanterns and flower beds
Even before the opening of the Zyuzino station, the adjacent Kakhovka Street will be transformed. The work will be completed in the spring, and most of the project has already been implemented. Dedicated lanes for public transport have appeared on both sides of the street. The sidewalks were paved with granite tiles. All overhead cable lines were removed underground, for which 11.2 thousand meters of pipes were laid in the area. Such a system increases the reliability and security of networks, and also frees the streets from the cobweb of wires. The road to the new BCL station will be well lit: more than 100 lamps with energy efficient lamps and street lamps with pleasant soft light have been installed here.
The wide and noisy Kakhovka was separated from the sidewalks and residential buildings by a buffer green zone. For this, more than 20 thousand square meters of lawn were laid out, and 35 new trees and over 240 shrubs were planted. All existing green spaces have been preserved. In the spring, flower beds will be planted here.
In the coming months, five modern bus stops will be installed on Kakhovka Street. In them, passengers will be comfortable waiting for the bus: at the same time, they will be able to charge the phone and use Wi-Fi. It is also planned to install comfortable and beautiful benches and urns.
In 2021, the improvement of the territory adjacent to the Zyuzino station of the BCL metro will continue on Perekopskaya Street.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.