MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
In the capital’s parks, animals and birds listed in the Red Book of Moscow are increasingly found, the number of eco-centers and environmental education activities has approximately doubled, and city residents have the opportunity to relax in health gardens.
This year Mosprirode turns seven years old. The state environmental budgetary institution was formed as a result of the unification of the district administrations of specially protected natural areas. Today, Mospriroda includes 11 directorates of natural areas and nine environmental and educational centers.
The specialists work in several directions. This is not only concern for nature, but also the preservation of the diversity of landscapes, flora and fauna in the urban environment, as well as providing comfortable conditions for vacationers in the natural areas of Moscow, interaction with the public, environmental education and suppression of violations of environmental legislation. The institution works on the thoughtful maintenance, restoration and development of ecosystems, taking into account the results of monitoring studies, scientific experience and the impact of technology on the environment.
Read about what the organization has achieved over the years in this mos.ru article.
Return of rare animals
One of the most striking indicators of a favorable ecological situation is the restoration of species included in the Moscow Red Book. They are noticed during events for the registration of objects of the animal world, of which more than 300 are carried out per year.
Last year, experts recorded more than 40 species of Red Book birds and more than 10 species of mammals in natural areas. Of the rare animals, the ermine, the brown hare and the white hare, the black polecat, the pine marten, and the common breeder are seen. Among the birds found in the Red Data Book are shirokosnoska, teal-whistle, buzzard, lapwing, middle-spotted woodpecker, woodcock, coot and others. In addition, in 2020, species were found that were considered extinct in Moscow – the gray duck and the wasp eater.
The return of rare animals to the territory of the capital became possible thanks to the work of Mospriroda. Specialists are engaged in the reclamation and rehabilitation of disturbed natural complexes and their parts. In addition, biotechnical measures are being taken to create conditions for the existence of rare species of animals and plants.
In 2014, five eco-centers were operating in Moscow: Vorobyovy Gory, Tsarskaya Apiary, Horse Dvor, Bitsevsky Les and Skvorechnik, as well as the Kuzminki-Lyublino eco-class. By 2020, the number of eco-centers has increased to nine. Each of them has its own unique specifics, in accordance with which various thematic events are held.
Thus, the activities of the Kuskovo eco-school, opened in 2015, are dedicated to the problems of ecology and environmental protection. In 2017, the Beekeeping Museum appeared, and later an eco-center of the same name was opened on its basis. There are interactive screens telling about the history of bee breeding, in the multimedia part of the exposition there is a demonstration area for popular science films and cartoons.
Ecocenter “Lesnaya Skazka” was opened in 2018. The museum is unique in that its exposition was created in cooperation with child psychologists, ecologists and biologists. The guys create the effect of being in the forest.
In 2019, the eco-center on the motor ship “Moscow Ecologist” received its first visitors. This is the world’s first environmental and educational center on water with a unique exposition dedicated to the Moscow River.
In addition, now there are four eco-classes: “On Rodionovskaya”, “On Shokalsky”, “On Autumn”, “On Kuzminskaya”.
An ecological and educational center “Floriculture” is being prepared for opening at VDNKh – repair work has already been completed there.
Twice as many eco-activities
The number of environmental education activities carried out by Mospriroda has doubled. In 2014, over six thousand events were held in the subordinate natural areas, in environmental education centers, eco-classes, as well as educational and cultural institutions, which were attended by over 360 thousand people. In 2020, more than 540 thousand people took part in almost 13 thousand events. These are lectures, environmental actions, ecological holidays, excursions, quests, thematic and interactive classes, quizzes, master classes and more.
Online project “#Nature_on_Remote”
In the spring of 2020, Mospriroda employees switched to remote work. To adapt the events to the social media format, an environmental education project was created “#Nature_on_remote”… Thus, it was possible to maintain the continuity of the environmental education process, increase the number of planned classes, and develop new forms of environmental activities.
Over the past year, specialists have held more than seven thousand online events, which were attended by 335 thousand people. The project “#Priroda_na_udalenke” became a laureate of the competition “Reliable Partner – Ecology” and was recognized as the best information project in Russia. In addition, Mosprirode managed to significantly expand its audience on social networks.
Environmental online festival
Eco-educational festival “Moscow Eco-Residence of Volunteers and City Activists”held every year. It was founded in 2014 as a platform for open communication between citizens, government officials and businessmen on environmental issues. The focus is on the most pressing problems.
In 2020, the festival was held online. The key topics were the impact of the pandemic on ecotourism and specially protected natural areas, preservation of biological diversity, environmental education and enlightenment, as well as the popularization of the ideas of nature conservation among children and youth.
From 2014 to 2019, more than four thousand people took part in the project. Three thousand people in 2020.
Eco-festival Kuskovo Green Fest
The first environmental festival took place last year Kuskovo Green Fest… It took place at the Kuskovo Eco-School and brought together artists from all over the country. On November 1, they began to create the largest graffiti drawing ever on an eco-theme.
80 people took part in the project. The work is carried out on a volunteer basis, and its result may become the largest art object dedicated to ecology.
Three health gardens have been created in Moscow: the Garden of Health and Active Longevity on the territory of the Tsaritsyno palace and park ensemble in the Biryulevsky arboretum, the Seventh Feeling park in the Troparevsky landscape reserve and the garden and park territory in the Setun River Valley nature reserve “.
Muscovites and guests of the capital can relax in nature and choose an activity to their liking – some would like an active rest on a sports ground, while others would prefer a calm walk in the shade of trees. Health gardens are divided into multifunctional zones for different categories of the population.
Action “ParkArt”: drawings on trees
In 2016, a campaign started in all parks of the Eastern District “ParkArt”, during which artists create drawings in hollows and cracks in tree trunks. The drawings have more than an aesthetic function – the paint helps to protect the trunks from moisture and pests.
Since the start of the campaign, about 200 drawings have appeared – landscapes, images of animals, elves, birds and reproductions of works by famous artists. Anyone can draw – children and adults, professional artists and amateurs.
In 2020, the geography of the environmental action to preserve green spaces has expanded. You can now see the drawings on trees not only in the natural parks of the Eastern District, but also in eight other natural areas, including the Kuzminki-Lyublino Natural and Historical Park, the Biryulevsky arboretum, on the territory of the Arkhangelskoye-Tyurikovo estate (a monument to the art). In 2020, there are 45 more fairy-tale trees in natural areas.
Thanks to the annual increase in the number of environmental education events in Moscow, there are more residents who are responsible for nature, participate in various actions and competitions.
In 2020, thanks to the Mospriroda competition, over 500 people installed eco-machines for the New Year. Also, the townspeople made a large number of feeders, began to properly feed the animals. All this speaks of positive dynamics and a correctly chosen environmental education strategy.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.