MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
More than 100 kilometers of roads, 77 artificial structures, six neglected and three under construction sections. Read the mos.ru article on what you need to know about the North-East Expressway project.
The construction of one of the key road infrastructure projects – the North-East Expressway (TSW) – has reached the home stretch. The traffic-free highway will directly connect the north, east and south-east of the capital.
At the intersection of the chord with Prospekt Mira, one of the largest interchanges… Today its readiness is 76 percent. Cars will start at the junction in 2022. Due to the optimal distribution of traffic flows, the load on the Yaroslavskoe highway, the northeastern section of the Moscow Ring Road, Yeniseyskaya Street and Prospekt Mira will decrease.
We will tell you which sections of the temporary storage warehouse have already been opened, where to wait for new interchanges and where it will be easier for Muscovites to get to after the entire highway is put into operation.
Chord geography: where overpasses and interchanges lead
The length of the main line is about 35 kilometers. From the M11 Moscow – St. Petersburg highway in the north, the expressway goes through Dmitrovskoe, Altufevskoe and Yaroslavskoe highways, crosses Otkrytoe, Shchelkovskoe, Izmailovskoe highways in the east, and after the Entuziastov highway turns southeast to the Kosinskaya overpass (at the intersection of the Moscow Ring Road and the Veshnyaki highway – Lyubertsy).
In the area of Bolshaya Akademicheskaya Street, the temporary storage warehouse connects with the North-West Chord, and near the Entuziastov highway – with the South-East. This will allow drivers to move between different parts of the city on new routes without entering the city center and the Third Transport Ring, as well as not wasting time on a detour along the Moscow Ring Road.
It will be convenient to get to the house via the expressway. Indeed, in addition to interchanges with major roads, there are exits to 15 district streets, including Agricultural, Festivalnaya, Amurskaya, Shcherbakovskaya, Perovskaya, Papernik street and others. The highway will take away the main through flow, while narrower district roads will remain for local residents’ cars and public transport.
From tunnel to bridge: building in challenging urban environments
Any change in dense urban development is not an easy test. Builders need to shift existing communications, provide transport links and pedestrian accessibility. The northeast expressway crosses 10 industrial zones, railways and major highways at once, so the project includes over 70 flyovers, bridges and tunnels, as well as 18 pedestrian crossings. In total, taking into account the ramps and reconstruction of adjacent streets, more than 100 kilometers of roads will be built.
To reduce the inconvenience for Muscovites and speed up the work, the highway was divided into nine sections. Chord ready already by 76 percent. Six sections with a total length of 75 kilometers have been opened, including 56 overpasses, two railway overpasses, a tunnel, a bridge and 13 pedestrian crossings.
In the north, traffic is launched from the Moscow Ring Road to the Dmitrovskoye Highway. Drivers no longer need to enter the ring road to travel between Khovrino, Golovinsky and Zapadnoe Degunino. This reduced the load on Bolshaya Akademicheskaya Street, Dmitrovskoye and Korovinskoye highways, improved the situation in the Golovinsky, Koptevo and Timiryazevsky districts.
From the southeastern section of the Moscow Ring Road, a chord was brought to the Open Highway. As a result, the situation at the intersection of Entuziastov Highway with Budyonny Avenue and Plekhanov Street has noticeably improved, the traffic load on Rusakovskaya Embankment, Budyonny Avenue, Bolshaya Cherkizovskaya, Stromynka, Krasnobogatyrskaya Streets has decreased. It has become much easier for drivers to travel from the south-east of Moscow to the east and vice versa.
But to drive further, to the VDNKh, Prospekt Mira, Yaroslavskoe, Altufevskoe, Dmitrovskoe Highways, drivers still have to use the narrow streets of Metrogorodok, Rostokin, Preobrazhensky, Bogorodsky and other Moscow districts. This is inconvenient both for themselves and for residents of those areas through which transit traffic goes. Therefore, residents will be able to fully appreciate the benefits of the expressway after the completion of the construction of the last three sections – from Yaroslavskoye to Otkrytoye shosse, from Dmitrovskoye to Yaroslavskoye shosse, as well as a traffic junction at the intersection of the North-Eastern Expressway with Mira Avenue.
Three plots: what remains to be built
One of the largest road construction sites today – chord section from Dmitrovskoe to Yaroslavskoe highway. The route will run along the lines of the Moscow Central Circle (MCC), crossing Dmitrovskoe, Altufevskoe highways and Prospekt Mira.
This site will build one of the longest flyovers North-Eastern Expressway (2.4 kilometers), junctions, bridges and overpasses, as well as reconstructing the adjacent roads.
After the completion of the work, the load on the entire local road network will be reduced. First of all, this concerns Altufevskoe, Dmitrovskoe and Yaroslavskoe highways, Prospekt Mira, as well as Selskokhozyaistvennaya, Botanicheskaya, Snezhnaya streets, Komdiva Orlova and Signalny proezd streets.
From Yaroslavskoye to Otkrytoye shosse, the highway will be laid in the right-of-way of the railway lines of the Moscow Central Circle, outside the protected natural area of the national park. Work started after obtaining all permits.
3.7 kilometers of roads will be built on the site, including two railway overpasses, an overpass through the MCC railway tracks along the main course of the North-Eastern Expressway. The completion of construction under the contract is scheduled for November 2021. Its launch will unite the already built parts of the highway in the north and east and will allow launching a full-fledged high-speed movement of cars through three districts of Moscow.
In addition, in 2023, the Northeast Expressway is planned to prolong beyond the Moscow Ring Road from Lukhmanovskaya Street to the border with the Moscow Region and the M12 highway under construction. The project provides for the construction of three overpasses, three pedestrian crossings, as well as the reconstruction of some roads. The section will be about 13 kilometers long.
Ahead of its time: who invented metropolitan chords
The idea to create chord lines in Moscow appeared in the first half of the 20th century. In the 1930s, the famous planner and urbanist Anatoly Yakshin spoke about the transport routes that bypass the center. Later, in the 1970s, his students returned to this idea. The concept of chords was laid down in the 1971 general plan of Moscow. In addition to the Moscow Ring Road and the Garden Ring, two new rings were designed and four high-speed chord routes were planned to be built there. However, the project did not receive the required funding.
In 2002, the project of the Fourth Transport Ring appeared, but due to the too high cost, the idea was eventually abandoned. And in 2011 it was decided to create four chord lines: the North-West, North-East and South-East Expressways, as well as the South Road. Their construction became central project development of the transport framework of Moscow.
The project is 57 percent complete: the North-West Expressway is completely open to motorists, traffic has been launched on six sections of the North-East Expressway and three sections of the South Road. 190 kilometers of roads, 100 artificial structures and 54 underground and elevated pedestrian crossings have already been commissioned. This allowed 1.7 million Muscovites to get to and from work faster. Also, the construction of the South-East Expressway has been launched at 10 sections.
After the completion of the project, the new highways will become the main transport arteries of the city. According to experts, they will improve communication between eight districts and 73 districts of the city, relieve the load on the Third Transport Ring, the Moscow Ring Road and departure routes.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.