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MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –

Representatives of the Islamic Republic of Iran, the Russian Federation and the Republic of Turkey as guarantor countries of the Astana format:

1. Reaffirmed their continued commitment to the sovereignty, independence, unity and territorial integrity of the Syrian Arab Republic, as well as to the purposes and principles of the UN Charter, and stressed that these principles are subject to universal observance and respect;

2. Reiterated their determination to fight terrorism in all its forms and manifestations and to oppose separatist plans aimed at undermining the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Syria and threatening the national security of neighboring countries. They condemned the increase in terrorist activity in various parts of Syria, which leads to casualties among civilians. Agreed to continue cooperation for the final elimination of ISIS, Jabhat Al-Nusra and all other individuals, groups, enterprises and organizations associated with Al-Qaeda or ISIS and other terrorist groups recognized as such by the UN Security Council, while ensuring protection of civilians and civilian infrastructure in accordance with international humanitarian law. Expressed serious concern about the increased presence and terrorist activity of the Hayat Tahrir Al-Sham group and other terrorist organizations affiliated with it, recognized as such by the UN Security Council, which threaten civilians inside and outside the Idlib de-escalation zone;

3. Considered in detail the situation in the Idlib de-escalation zone and emphasized the need to maintain calm “on the ground” through the full implementation of all existing agreements on Idlib;

4. We discussed the situation in the north-east of Syria and agreed that the achievement of long-term security and stability in this region is possible only on the basis of preserving the country’s sovereignty and territorial integrity. They rejected all attempts to create new realities “on the ground”, including illegal initiatives for self-government under the pretext of fighting terrorism, and expressed their determination to oppose separatist plans in Trans-Euphrates, aimed at undermining the unity of Syria and threatening the national security of neighboring countries. In this regard, they expressed concern about the intensification of hostilities directed against the civilian population. Reiterated their opposition to the illegal seizure and transfer of oil revenues, which should belong to the Syrian Arab Republic;

5. Condemned the ongoing Israeli military attacks in Syria, which violate international law and international humanitarian law, undermine the sovereignty of Syria and neighboring countries, as well as threaten stability and security in the region, and called on them to stop;

6. Expressed their conviction that there is no military solution to the Syrian conflict and reaffirmed their commitment to advance a viable and long-term political process, led and implemented by the Syrians themselves, with the assistance of the UN, in accordance with UN Security Council Resolution 2254;

7. Emphasized the important role of the Constitutional Committee in Geneva, created with the decisive contribution of the guarantor countries of the Astana format and in pursuance of the decisions of the Congress of the Syrian National Dialogue in Sochi;

8. We discussed in detail the fifth meeting of the drafting committee of the Constitutional Committee, held in Geneva on January 25-29, 2021, and expressed their determination to support the work of the Committee through constant interaction with the Syrian parties, members of the Constitutional Committee and the UN Secretary General’s Special Envoy for Syria Geir O. Pedersen in as a facilitator to ensure its sustainable and effective work;

9. Stressed the importance of adhering to the terms of reference and basic rules of procedure in order for the Committee to fulfill its mandate to prepare and formulate a constitutional reform subject to popular approval and to make progress in its work;

10. Expressed their conviction that in its work the Committee should be guided by the desire for compromise and constructive interaction without foreign interference and imposing deadlines from outside in order to achieve a general agreement of its members;

11. Reiterated their grave concern over the humanitarian situation in Syria and the impact of the coronavirus pandemic, recognizing that it significantly complicates the work of the Syrian health system, socio-economic and humanitarian situation. Rejected all unilateral sanctions that violate international law, international humanitarian law and the UN Charter, especially in the context of the coronavirus pandemic. We noted the statements of the UN Secretary General and the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights in this regard. Called upon UN organizations, especially WHO, including through the COVAX initiative, to prioritize vaccination of the population in Syria;

12. Emphasized the need to increase humanitarian assistance to all Syrians throughout the country without discrimination, politicization and preconditions. In order to support the improvement of the humanitarian situation in Syria and progress in the political settlement process, called on the international community, the UN and its humanitarian agencies to increase assistance to Syria, including through the implementation of projects for early recovery, including basic infrastructure – water and electricity, schools, hospitals , as well as on humanitarian demining in accordance with the norms of international humanitarian law;

13. Emphasized the importance of facilitating the safe and voluntary return of refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) to their places of residence in Syria, ensuring their right to return and the right to support. In this regard, called on the international community to provide appropriate support and confirmed their readiness to continue interaction with all stakeholders, including the Office of the High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and other specialized international organizations;

14. Reaffirmed their determination to build up and expand cooperation within the framework of the Working Group on the Release of Detainees / Hostages, the Transfer of the Dead and the Search for Missing Persons;

15. Noted with satisfaction the participation of the delegations of Jordan, Iraq and Lebanon as observers in the Astana format, as well as the UN and ICRC;

16. The representatives of Iran and Turkey expressed their sincere gratitude to the Russian authorities for hosting the 15th International Meeting on Syria in the Astana format in Sochi;

17. We decided to hold the 16th International Meeting on Syria in the Astana format in Nur-Sultan in mid-2021.


EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.

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