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The program has been operating in the capital for over a year.

Last year, a citywide separate waste collection program began. This was supported by 90 percent of Muscoviteswho took part in voting in the “Active Citizen” project.

We answer basic questions about the project.

I want to sort garbage. How to do it?

The capital uses a two-container system. Containers of two colors are installed on the sites: plastic, metal, glass and waste paper should be thrown into blue ones, gray ones are intended for food and contaminated waste, containers with food residues and personal hygiene products.

Maybe you need more types of containers?

There are different schemes for separate waste collection in the world. In Moscow, they decided to stop at a two-container. Experts consider it to be the most convenient for the residential sector, it allows you to efficiently use space in the yards, save on transport and pick up more garbage.

Additional containers need to be installed somewhere, sacrificing, for example, parking spaces or playgrounds. Also, more garbage trucks will be needed, because each type of waste is taken out by a separate machine.

However, in the future, an increase in containers is possible if there is a request for it from Muscovites. Starting next year, a single regional operator will start working, and residents of the capital will be able to demand the installation of additional containers specifically in their districts and yards.

And what are the green and yellow containers near parks and metro stations?

This is a pilot project for separate waste collection: yellow bins are for plastic, green for glass. They are installed in public places, near parks and near metro stations. The purity of the accumulated components is 60 percent, which is a very good indicator and contributes to the separate collection of waste.

I don’t sort waste. Will I be fined?

Participation in the program is voluntary, there are no penalties. This is everyone’s conscious choice. But you need to understand that the more people sort waste, the more recyclable materials go for processing and the less waste is taken to landfills and landfills. This makes nature cleaner.

I want to start sorting waste. Where can I find out about the details of the segregated collection program?

Site is working “Clean Moscow”For helpful tips on sorting, links to press releases on separate waste collection, and answers to popular questions on this topic. Also, on the official pages Department of housing and communal services in “Instagram”, Facebookand “In contact with” training materials are published regularly. There you can also find instructions on how to hand over waste paper, metal and glass. They can be downloaded to your phone or printed as a memo and hung in a prominent place.

In order to interest in the separate collection of the smallest residents of the city, with the support of the Moscow Department of Housing and Utilities, two books were published – “The History of Garbage: From Ancient Waste to Plastic Recycling” and “The Second Life of Garbage, or How to Make Waste Useful”. Also, for children, they shot several animated videos about dad Mishka and his son Mishutka, who together learn to sort waste. They can be found on the official channel of the department in Youtube

What will happen to the garbage chutes? Can you put your trash in there?

It is possible to throw waste into garbage chutes, but preferably only those that are intended for a gray container – it is he who stands in the mine.

However, the chute can also be welded. For this, the residents of the entrance must contact the management company, hold a general meeting and make a decision on this issue.

Where to throw out batteries, bulbs, thermometers?

This is hazardous waste and should not be disposed of in regular containers. Fluorescent lamps containing mercury can be handed over in the premises of the joint dispatch services (UDF). Information about the work schedule is posted on the front doors of the UDF, on information stands and in the entrances of houses. There are more than 900 such reception points in the capital.

Mercury thermometers are taken at the address: Varshavskoe shosse, 93.

Used batteries can be returned to shops, office centers, or left in street boxes. A complete list of pickup points has been published on the site

In the past year, many have worked remotely or followed a home routine due to the coronavirus. Did this somehow affect the amount of waste and the sorting of waste?

No, it didn’t. People were sorting garbage, just like in the first months of 2020. Blue and gray containers are installed in each courtyard, they are treated with special means, garbage trucks are also disinfected. So there were no problems.

Plus, spending more time at home made many people notice how much garbage was building up, which was a good incentive to try sorting the waste.

As for the amount of garbage, it became even less in the spring. This is due to the fact that many shops, restaurants, cafes, shopping centers partially or completely stopped working, and some residents left the city.

Now everyone uses disposable masks and gloves. Where should they be disposed of? Maybe you should make separate containers for them?

Dispose of used masks and gloves in gray containers and in a separate bag, because these are personal hygiene products and cannot be recycled.

I heard that trash can be used to generate electricity

This is true, and Moscow’s incinerators generate heat and electricity. They use it for their own needs, and the surplus is transferred to city power grids.

I haven’t taken out the Christmas tree yet. In which container is it better to throw it?

Christmas trees are not recommended to be thrown into any of the containers. It is better to take part in the ecological action “Christmas tree cycle”. It is being held for the sixth time and this year will last until February 20.

As part of the action, they opened 549 pipswhere you can bring the Christmas tree. Another point operates in the Moscow region.

All collected trees are processed into chips, which are used for bedding in enclosures, arranging ecological paths, and enriching the soil.

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.

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