MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
The Russian military department continues a series of publications of documents from the times of the Great Patriotic War from the funds of the Central Archive of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. In the published historical and educational section “Birth of the Guard” in addition to award lists and combat characteristics for Amazasp Khachaturovich, there are orders, operational reports, extracts from the historical forms of the first guards units and formations that received this honorary name in September 1941. The documents testify to the massive courage and heroism of the soldiers of the Red Army, who adequately met the main blow of the German fascist invaders.
The section opens with the Order of the USSR People’s Commissar of Defense “On renaming the 100, 127, 153 and 161 rifle divisions into 1, 2, 3 and 4 guards divisions.” These formations became the first guards divisions in the entire history of the existence of the Red Army.
The order noted that in the first months of the war, the divisions “showed examples of courage, courage, discipline and organization,” thanks to which they “repeatedly inflicted severe defeats on the German fascist troops, put them to flight, terrified them.” The order is also unique in that it analyzed in detail the reasons for the successful military operations of the guards formations. In this way, a “combat landmark” was given to the commanders of other units and formations, the importance of their successes and high combat status were emphasized.
The extract from the Historical Form of the 1st Guards Division published in the section tells about the combat actions of the 395th Rifle Regiment of Major A. Babajanyan, who acted in the battles to defeat the Yelninsky group of the enemy in early September 1941. The decisive, skillful actions of Babajanyan’s fighters during the assault on Yelnya made it possible to break through the enemy’s defenses, occupy a number of settlements and defeat a large group of Nazis, destroy 700 enemy soldiers and officers, capture more than 100 vehicles, two artillery batteries and a baggage train of 69 carts.
A significant part of the published historical documents is devoted to the combat characteristics and descriptions of the merits of Amazasp Khachaturovich, given by the command in his award lists.
So, in the award list for the commander of the 395th Guards Regiment of the 2nd Guards Division, Lieutenant Colonel Babajanyan, it is said that the regiment under his command fought in decisive areas, inflicting serious losses on the enemy in manpower, weapons and transport, and the commander himself is an example for subordinates, distinguished by fearlessness, endurance, courage and composure.
In April 1944, Guards Colonel A. Babajanyan was nominated for the title of Hero of the Soviet Union. In his award list dated April 2, 1944, it was stated that during the period of fighting from March 21 to April 1, the 20th mechanized brigade under his command liberated more than 60 settlements on the territory of Ukraine, destroyed 1704 Nazis, captured 9 tanks, 485 vehicles, 44 machine gun and other weapons. The brigade under his command “with its audacious, decisive and swift maneuvers bypassed the enemy, cut off his escape routes, crushed the enemy and his rear.” During the battle for the city of Zalishchyky, the guard Colonel A.Kh. Babadzhanyan personally found a ford across the Dniester River under enemy fire, was the first to cross to the other side, ferried tanks and infantry.
Babajanyan’s record card published in the section eloquently tells about the glorious combat path of Hamazasp Khachaturovich. At the age of 19, he volunteered to enter the Armenian United Military School, and by selfless many years of combat and military labor, he reached the post of chief of the tank forces of the Ground Forces. Until the last day of his life, the renowned marshal remained in the ranks and was excluded from the lists of the officers of the Armed Forces of the USSR only in 1977, as the document says dryly: “in connection with death.”
The publication of archival documents from the period of the Great Patriotic War from the funds of the Central Archive of the Ministry of Defense of Russia is a continuation of the activities of the military department aimed at protecting and protecting historical truth, countering falsifications of history, attempts to revise the results of World War II.
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EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.