MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
Photo by Y. Ivanko. Mos.ru
We will tell you how to choose flowers for the city, why it is necessary to harden the plants and when the flower beds will be decorated.
Let the Moscow streets be covered with snow – the calendar spring is already in a week. And the city is actively preparing for it. In the capital’s greenhouses, petunias and pelargoniums, gazania and viola are grown for city flower beds.
How are plants taken care of, why do they need to be hardened, and why do the city and its inhabitants need flower beds? Svetlana Fitisova, Deputy Head of the Ulyanovsk Production Department, told mos.ru about this. GBU “Greening”Located in the Troitsky and Novomoskovsky administrative areas. We show where flowers are grown for Moscow.
Greenhouses in beads
Glass ceiling and walls, huge fans, a persistent smell of damp earth and long rows of sprouts of future flowers that have just appeared – beads, as Svetlana Fitisova calls them. This is what a greenhouse looks like, where flowers are grown for the capital’s streets and parks. The first plants will go to the city only in late April – early May, it all depends on the weather. They still have to gain strength and green mass, go through the hardening stage and form buds. Flowering plants are already being planted in the city.
In the Ulyanovsk administration, the first crops began at the end of January. Seeds are sown in small-cell cassettes, then specialists dive the crops into larger-cell cassettes. The greenhouses have an electric lighting system and a special temperature is maintained. For example, viola is hardened at six to eight degrees because it is planted first. These flowers can even withstand frost.
Despite the huge number of plants, they are watered by hand. Experienced specialists see where more moisture is needed and where less. The machine will not cope with such a task, says Svetlana Fitisova. The company employs about 160 people, but if necessary, additional people are involved in the season.
According to employees, living plants in the city are an important element of the architectural design. Even during the Great Patriotic War, Moscow was decorated with flowers.
The Ulyanovsk production department of the State Budgetary Institution “Greening” is located in the settlement of Moskovsky. Here, under greenhouses – 8.4 hectares of greenhouses, in which flowers are grown for the South-West, South, South-East administrative districts of Moscow and the TyNAO. This year, the department plans to supply 13.7 million annual seedlings and about 320 thousand perennials, about 800 thousand biennial viola, as well as about two thousand rose bushes. All flowers are planted with a margin to minimize the risks when growing, because living plants, like humans, can get sick.
An order for certain plants by name, type and color comes from each prefecture to Department of housing and communal services of the city of Moscow… The department, in turn, consolidates and sends it to the State Budgetary Institution “Ozelenie”.
The flowers were chosen not by chance. When designing flower beds, not only the appearance of plants is taken into account, but also their quality. Petunias, Pelargonias, Gazanias and Violas are best suited for urban environments. They are resistant to temperature extremes, immune to car exhaust and reagent residues in the soil.
“Plants are hardened to prepare them for planting in the city. We have special agronomic secrets, just like in any profession. For example, lower the temperature in the greenhouse or cut watering for a certain time, ”says Svetlana Fitisova.
Also, when choosing plants, the flowering period is taken into account. They try to make the flower bed so that the plants bloom from April to October. That is why it is important to combine annuals and perennials in one flower garden.
Millions of tulips
In neighboring greenhouses, flowers are grown for sale: wholesale and retail. Plants in pots – primrose and cyclamen – are already in bloom and will soon be sent to retail chains.
Nearby are several greenhouses with tulips – lilac, yellow, crimson, red, white. A total of about 2.5 million pieces is the usual volume, says Svetlana Fitisova. Tulips are also grown for sale. The bulbs ordered in the Netherlands were planted here in December and January. Now buds are beginning to form, some are already gaining color.
According to Svetlana Fitisova, many flowers are ready to be cut: “Breeders specially select tulips for cutting that keep their shape. The buds are like beaks, that’s what we grow. In the flower beds, you can see tulips, open like daisies. This is good for the city, but such a tulip is not suitable for cutting. “
Flowers are collected and sent to the refrigerator, and then to points of sale. This way tulips stay fresh longer. And when choosing a flower in a store, an ordinary buyer needs to pay attention to the leaves – they must be firm and crispy.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.