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Disguise of the Bolshoi Theater building. Photo by A. Krasavin. 1941 year. Main Archive of Moscow

The stories of the townspeople about the houses and monuments of the capital, associated with the Great Patriotic War, will be published on the website of the project “Book of Monuments – Heroes of Moscow” on May 9, 2021.

Sergei Sobyanin invited the townspeople to tell about the buildings and monuments of the capital, which withstood the Great Patriotic War and became especially significant for people in those years. These can be memories of relatives, archival letters, photographs, drawings and plans of buildings. The Mayor of Moscow wrote about this in his account in social network “Instagram”.


Since February 23, the Moscow City Department of Cultural Heritage is launching the project “The Book of Monuments – Heroes of Moscow”. These can be stories of buildings that survived the bombing, houses where war heroes lived, as well as monuments to famous military leaders and significant dates.

“In the year of the 80th anniversary of the beginning of the Battle of Moscow, we are launching the“ Book of Monuments – Heroes of Moscow ”project. We know for sure that Muscovites have many interesting unique stories about buildings and monuments that survived the Great Patriotic War or were erected in honor of Victory. We are waiting for your live stories about any city objects associated with difficult war times. All of them will be published on the project’s website on Victory Day, “said the head of the Moscow Department of Cultural Heritage. Alexey Emelyanov.

The main body of materials, including texts, photographs, letters, drawings and plans, possibly other archival documents, are planned to be collected by May 9. All of them will be published on project site.

“Anyone can help in the creation of a book of memory: if you know the history of a building that stood during the war years, or a monument dedicated to the events of the Great Patriotic War, then write to

website and become a member of our project. Let’s compose a book of monuments – heroes of Moscow together, ”added Aleksey Yemelyanov.

Moscow buildings were also full participants in military events, and many of them retained traces of enemy attacks.

For example, on the facade of the Pushkin Museum there are traces of fragments of a bomb exploded nearby, and house 10 on Mokhovaya Street was divided in two after the bombing. The bombing did not pass by the building of the Tretyakov Gallery, the current Latvian Embassy in Moscow on Chaplygin Street, the Pogodinskaya hut in Khamovniki. During the first bombing of Moscow, the building of the Yevgeny Vakhtangov State Academic Theater was practically destroyed. During one of the air attacks, the Bolshoi Theater was also damaged: a shell weighing 500 kilograms passed between the columns under the portico pediment, broke through the front wall and exploded in the lobby.

In the summer of 1941, Moscow was predominantly a wooden city: many lived in barracks. A special engineering intelligence service has even appeared in the capital. Its units quickly responded to the destruction of the bombing and were engaged in camouflaging strategically important industrial and civil buildings.

The Battle of Moscow (September 30, 1941 – April 20, 1942) occupies a special place among the major events of the Great Patriotic War and is divided into two periods – defensive and offensive. The turning point that changed its course was associated with the Soviet counteroffensive against the German fascist troops, which began on December 5, 1941. On the approaches to the capital, the Hitlerite army suffered a serious defeat, which forced it to retreat. In memory of the exploits of the defenders of Moscow and the heroism of the city’s residents, the Day of Military Glory is celebrated on December 5.

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.

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