MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
Moscow has achieved a record high level of road safety and is firmly holding the first place in Russia for this indicator.
For most of the last year, the capital’s public transport worked in high alert conditions. It was announced due to the spread of a new coronavirus infection. Despite the COVID-19 pandemic, the pace of development of public transport in Moscow continued in 2020. All major plans have been completed. This is evidenced by the results of the work of the transport complex, which were considered at a meeting of the Presidium of the Moscow Government under the leadership of Sergei Sobyanin.
Transport complex against COVID-19
To prevent the spread of the new coronavirus infection, the Moscow Government has taken measures to reduce passenger traffic in public transport. At the same time, the intensity of public transport traffic remained the same. This allowed passengers to maintain a social distance.
As a result, the decrease in passenger traffic in Moscow city transport in 2020 amounted to 37 percent. Passengers made 3.6 billion trips, down 2.1 billion from 2019.
At the same time, the number of trips in taxis and bicycles of city bike rentals increased, which also helped to prevent the spread of COVID-19.
Dynamics of trips in public transport in Moscow
(weekday, million trips)
Metro, including the Moscow Central Circle (MCC)
Minus 42 percent
Minus 43 percent
Suburbs, including Moscow Central Diameters (MCD)
Minus 28 percent
Plus eight percent
Minus 27 percent
Plus 14 percent
Minus 37 percent
Unprecedented sanitary and epidemiological safety measures were taken in public transport in the capital. The volume of disinfection of all main surfaces has been increased 15 times. More than three thousand sanitizers have been installed (number one in the world in terms of this indicator in the field of transport). Air exchange in the metro has been increased by 40 percent, air disinfection systems have been used to the maximum. The sale of masks and gloves is organized at stations and ticket offices of the metro, the Moscow Central Ring and Moscow Central Diameters. On-line information about the workload of metro and ground transport cars is published in the Moscow Metro and Moscow Transport mobile applications. From November 2, 2020, a discount has been provided for trips outside the morning rush hour on two metro lines – Tagansko-Krasnopresnenskaya and Nekrasovskaya (more than six million passengers have already taken advantage of the discount).
You can pay for travel in a contactless way. The sale of tickets by ground transport drivers has been canceled.
The high level of safety and compliance with international sanitary standards in the Moscow metro was awarded a special sign Safe Travels Discover Moscow by the World Travel & Tourism Council.
The Moscow transport complex provided significant support to workers whose activities were critical for the successful fight against the pandemic: doctors, volunteers, couriers, as well as patients after being discharged from coronavirus hospitals.
More than 60,000 doctors and patients used special buses and taxis to travel to and from hospitals.
Since April 2020, doctors and volunteers have received more than 51,000 free tickets for public transport.
Since April 13, 2020, doctors and volunteers have used the right to free parking in paid parking zones more than 90 thousand times.
Since April 10, 2020, volunteers and couriers have made more than 800 thousand free rides using the bike rental system.
To support small businesses affected by the pandemic, the fee for the right to work at the objects of the Moscow transport complex was reduced by 50 percent. This made it possible to preserve most of the objects of trade.
Metro, MCC and MCD
Seven new stations of the Moscow metro were put into operation. In total, since 2010, the network of the Moscow metro and the MCC has increased by 88 stations.
551 new comfortable Moskva trains entered the subway line, including 335 cars of the newest modification (2020) began to run on the Ring and Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya lines. This made it possible to create more than 500 thousand additional passenger seats. The total renewal of the metro rolling stock has reached 63 percent (3548 new cars since 2010).
In 2020, the integration of the MCC with the radial lines of the railway and metro was fully completed. Passengers have at their disposal four transfers on the metro and five on the MCD. Now there are 36 such transplants.
At the request of Muscovites, the opening hours of the Passenger Mobility Center (COMP) were increased – now its employees work according to the schedule of the Moscow Metro – from 05:30 to 01:00. Accordingly, passengers with limited mobility will be able to use Moscow transport all the time.
The creation of a unified dispatch center of the Moscow metro was completed, to which the dispatchers of the metro service were transferred. The response time to failures and incidents has been halved.
During the year, 15 new and reconstructed city surface metro stations (MCD) were opened, and the renewal of rolling stock was completed. Now only new electric trains run on MCD-1 “Belorussko-Savelovsky” and MCD-2 “Kursk-Rizhsky”. Since their launch, over 150 million passengers have used them, making more than 18 million free metro connections. 3.43 million additional passenger seats were created per day. The minimum train interval is six minutes (before the start of the MCD, there were breaks of up to two hours in the middle of the day), due to the new schedule, almost 80 percent of passengers save up to 44 minutes of time on travel every day.
For the remaining radii of suburban traffic (in addition to MCD-1 and MCD-2), 499 modern cars were purchased in 2020. The fleet renewal was 60 percent (3550 new cars since 2010).
Plans for 2021 include the opening of stations on the Big Circle Line (BCL) and the supply of 337 new Moscow-2020 cars, as well as the construction and reconstruction of 11 city stations of the MCD.
Number one in Europe: electric buses on urban routes
In 2020, more than 1.4 thousand units of new rolling stock entered the urban land transport park. In total, since 2010, 12.4 thousand new buses, trams and electric buses have been purchased and 13.59 million additional passenger seats have been created per day. The youngest bus fleet in Europe has been formed in Moscow (the average age of a bus is 4.7 years).
The priority for land transport renewal is the most environmentally friendly and emission-free electric transport. By the end of 2020, there were already 600 electric buses in the Mosgortrans fleet, for which 104 charging stations were installed. Electric buses carry passengers on 42 routes. Plans for 2021 include the supply of another 400 electric buses, the installation of 164 charging stations and the launch of electric buses on another 30 city routes.
In 2020, 70 new trams arrived, which made it possible to add 50 thousand passenger seats per day.
In 2020, the length of the dedicated lanes increased by 30 kilometers and reached 381 kilometers. Since 2020, only public transport can use the dedicated lanes, the departure of personal vehicles on them is prohibited even on weekends and holidays. This solution increased the speed of buses and electric buses by 15 percent and reduced the number of road traffic accidents (RTA) by 20 percent.
Traffic at the 470 largest urban intersections is automatically regulated online using the public transport priority function. As a result, 1.5 million passengers on public transport spend 20 percent less time waiting for the green light to turn on every day, and the total travel time has been reduced by almost 20 minutes.
In 2020, 1,141 new-style pavilions were installed at stops of land-based urban passenger transport – with an online information board, navigation, a ticket vending machine, USB connectors and Wi-Fi. In general, 4100 modern bus stops have been installed in recent years.
The city has opened two modern bus stations – Salaryevo and Central (on the Shchelkovskoye highway) – with the most comfortable conditions for travel from Moscow to cities in Russia, neighboring countries and the Baltic states.
Carsharing, taxi, bike and scooter rental
According to the analytical agency Avtostat, Moscow ranks first in the world in terms of the size of the fleet of short-term car rentals (car sharing) and taxis. In 2020, the capital’s car-sharing fleet consisted of 25 thousand cars (including several dozen electric vehicles), on which users of the service made 44 million trips. The number of active users is growing by 12-15 percent annually and now exceeds one million people.
The taxi market is developing. Every day, 80 thousand cars leave on the roads of the capital with permits from Moscow and the Moscow region, which make over 900 thousand trips a day. The average delivery time of the machine is four minutes. In 2020, taxi companies and private taxi drivers purchased 10.5 thousand new cars. Most of the new taxi cars are purchased thanks to substantial financial support from the Moscow Government. The youngest taxi fleet in Europe has been formed in the capital (the average age of a taxi car is 2.7 years).
For the 2020 season, the total number of city bike rentals increased by 14 percent to 5.7 million. 134 new stations and one thousand bicycles appeared (662 stations and 6.5 thousand bicycles). Additionally, 45 kilometers of the road network adapted for the movement of bicycles have been equipped.
Bicycle rental played a huge role in ensuring the delivery of medicines, food and basic necessities to Muscovites who were in self-isolation.
Plans for 2021 include the purchase of another thousand bicycles (including 500 electric bicycles) for rental, the installation of 67 electric bike rental stations, the installation of 18 kilometers of temporary bike lanes in the central part of the city and more than a thousand parking lots for personal bicycles.
In 2020, the popularity of electric scooters has grown five times compared to 2019 – two million trips were made on them. The city rental fleet has almost doubled – up to six thousand scooters, which are in 50 districts of Moscow. The number of users has grown by 35 percent – up to 500 thousand people. The plans for 2021 are the purchase of another four thousand electric scooters.
A city convenient for pedestrians and motorists
In 2020, 124.5 kilometers of roads, 25 bridges, tunnels and flyovers, 23 off-street pedestrian crossings were built in Moscow.
The average daily speed on the main highways of Moscow has grown from 54 in 2019 to 55 kilometers per hour in 2020. Compared to 2010, the average speed has increased from 45 to 55 kilometers per hour.
Average travel time from the Moscow Ring Road to the city center by public transport during peak hours has decreased from 56 minutes in 2019 to 55 minutes in 2020. Compared to 2010, the decrease was 18 percent – from 67 to 55 minutes.
Road congestion has dropped by five percent in 2020 (TomTom Index).
Moscow has achieved a record high level of road safety and is firmly holding the first place in Russia for this indicator.
In 2020, the number of road traffic accidents (RTA) with victims decreased by 14 percent – from 9.2 thousand in 2019 to 7.9 thousand in 2020. Compared to 2010, the decrease was 32 percent (11.7 thousand road accidents).
Social risk (the number of deaths in road accidents per 100 thousand population) has more than halved – from 6.6 in 2010 to 2.97 in 2020.
Thanks to improved road safety in Moscow, about 2.5 thousand lives have been saved over the past 10 years.
Every year Moscow becomes more and more convenient for pedestrians: since 2014, city dwellers have started to walk on average two to three times more often.
As part of the urban crowdsourcing project, over two thousand proposals from residents to improve the pedestrian infrastructure were collected, of which 262 ideas were implemented in 2020. These include the creation of 102 ground pedestrian crossings, five comfortable pedestrian spaces (organization and widening of sidewalks), as well as the arrangement of 5.4 kilometers of temporary bike lanes and the installation of bicycle parking at 10 addresses (there are two thousand bicycle parking lots in the city for more than 10 thousand places).
Moscow ticketing system
Since 2013, 36 million Troika cards have been issued. And its popularity continues to grow.
In 2020, for the first time, it became possible to link Troika to a personal account in the Moscow Metro application. 270 thousand users have already done this.
Also, from 2020, you can use the card to pay for travel on public transport in the Tula region – at the end of 2020, more than 180 thousand trips have already been made.
At the beginning of 2020, the Moscow transport complex received the main award of the Transport Ticketing Global (UK) international award in the Best Smart Ticketing System nomination.
The Moscow Metro has begun testing a payment system using face recognition through cameras at turnstiles (FacePay).
Cameras with face recognition modules are installed in 100 percent of Moscow metro and MCC stations. Thanks to this system, in September – December 2020, employees of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation were able to identify and detain 607 people on the federal wanted list.
In 2020, users have downloaded more than 11 million times mobile applicationstransport complex (“Moscow Transport”, “Moscow Metro”, “Moscow Parking”). Among the innovations that appeared last year:
– “Moscow transport” – users can see the workload and movement of transport online, call a taxi and book a car sharing, see a map of parking;
– Moscow Metro – users can manage the Troika’s balance online, see the train arrival time and the workload of the wagons, ask a question in the chatbot (more than 10 thousand calls per month);
– “Parking in Moscow” – users can pay or appeal against fines and the fact of evacuation of the car, find a displaced car and parking for disabled people, use a personal account for legal entities, pay for parking in shopping centers.
Virtual Troika and new routes: plans for 2021
In 2021, the key projects for the development of the Moscow transport system will be
opening of BCL stations, construction and reconstruction of 11 city stations of the MCD.
It is also planned to continue the renewal of the metro rolling stock. In 2021, the subway will receive 337 new Moscow-2020 cars.
The project for the development of electric transport in the capital includes the supply of 400 electric buses, 70 low-floor tram cars, the launch of 164 charging stations, and the opening of 30 new routes.
Moscow’s bicycle infrastructure will be supplemented by 1,000 units of two-wheeled vehicles (of which 500 are electric bicycles), as well as 67 electric bicycle rental stations. Up to 18 kilometers of temporary bike lanes will be built in the city center, and a thousand parking lots will be opened for personal bicycles.
In 2021, it is planned to release a virtual Troika and continue to distribute the card in the regions of Russia with an emphasis on the Moscow region.
Other plans include:
– development of electronic services: improvement of mobile applications, including “Moscow Transport” (according to the MaaS principle);
– Expansion of the service of medical centers on land transport, improving the accessibility of transport infrastructure for passengers with limited mobility;
– preparation for the launch of river transport: development of berths, development of electric vessels for movement along the Moskva River;
– improvement of road safety, further reduction of accidents on city roads.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.