MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
Since the beginning of 2021, specialists have already restored 30 cultural heritage sites.
Moscow continues to implement the world’s largest program for the restoration and revival of architectural monuments and other cultural heritage sites. In 2020, work was carried out on 525 objects, 124 of them were restored. These are the results of the year in the field of preserving historical and cultural heritage, which were considered at a meeting of the Presidium of the Moscow Government under the leadership of Sergei Sobyanin.
The capital’s monuments are being restored at the expense of the city budget (35 objects in 2020), the federal budget – the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia, the Ministry of Culture of Russia and other federal executive bodies (27 objects), private investors and patrons of art (62 objects – 50 percent of the total numbers).
In some cases, restoration work is preceded by accident prevention work – they are aimed at improving the grave condition of objects and preparing them for further restoration. In 2020, such work was carried out on 14 historical and cultural monuments, and over the past three years, more objects were saved than in the previous seven years (51 and 48 objects, respectively). Each monument requiring emergency response is under special control.
In total, over the past 10 years, 1,578 cultural heritage sites have been restored in Moscow (including 30 sites since the beginning of 2021). As a result, the number of Moscow monuments in an unsatisfactory condition has decreased since 2010 by 5.3 times. The share of monuments in good and satisfactory condition increased from 66 to 95 percent.
Among the iconic objects, the restoration of which was completed in 2020, are the following:
– Northern river station (Leningradskoe highway, building 51);
– cinema “Khudozhestvenny” (Arbatskaya square, house 14, building 1);
– residential building of the People’s Commissariat for Finance, 1928-1930 (Novinsky Boulevard, building 25, building 1);
– Orlov-Denisov’s house (Bolshaya Lubyanka street, house 14, building 3);
– the apartment house of the merchant V.E. Bykov (2nd Brestskaya street, house 19/18, building 1).
What will be restored in 2021
It is expected that this year will be no less successful in terms of the number of restored architectural monuments. The work is planned to be completed at about 100 objects. Among the iconic monuments, the restoration of which will take place in 2021, are the following:
– an outbuilding of the city estate of D.F. Novikova – A.N. Davydov, first quarter of the nineteenth century, 1881, architect P.A. Vinogradov (Bolshaya Ordynka street, house 61, building 2);
– HPP-2 (Bolotnaya embankment, building 15, building 1), which will become a new cultural space in the center of Moscow;
– Gymnasium named after Ivan and Alexandra Medvednikov, 1903 (Starokonyushenny lane, house 18);
– Partnership “Einem”, the end of the XIX century – a city estate, the end of the XVII – the middle of the XIX century (Sofiyskaya embankment, house 6, building 1);
– city estate I.T. Rakhmanova, N.L. Bukhvostova, S.S. Sulima, merchants Kotovs (Bolotnaya square, house 14, buildings 1 and 14), including a fragment of the fence with the sculpture “Workers” – two figures on the pylons of the gate, 1880s;
– a complex of buildings of the Mariinsky Women’s School (the city estate of the Eropkins, Zubovs, Durasovs) – a residential building with apartments for class ladies and the caretaker of the Mariinsky Women’s School (Sofiyskaya embankment, house 10, building 4);
– the city estate of the Sokolov-Sibiryakovs (Voznesensky lane, house 11, building 3);
– the western wing and the southern service building of the Vorontsovo estate (Vorontsovsky Park, houses 6 and 8);
– VDNKh pavilions: No. 5 “Physics” (formerly of the Latvian SSR), No. 15 “Radioelectronics and Communications” (formerly “Volga Region”), No. 30 “Microbiological Industry” (formerly “Oilseeds”) and a number of others;
– the main house of the Izmalkovo estate, XIX century (Vnukovskoye settlement, Peredelkino settlement, building 1b / n, building 1);
– Church of St. Nicholas the Wonderworker on Three Mountains (Novovagankovsky lane, 9, building 1);
– Yauzskaya city hospital, second half of the 19th – early 20th century (Yauzskaya street, house 116, building 1);
– Polytechnic Museum (New Square, 3/4);
– the Abrikosovs’ dwelling house (Malaya Krasnoselskaya street, house 7, building 31); Abrikosov’s sons “;
– an orphanage, 1764–1770, architect K.I. Blank (Kitaygorodsky passage, house 9, buildings 1, 4, 11, 12).
Program “1 ruble per 1 square meter”
The Moscow Government’s program for the restoration of emergency architectural monuments “1 ruble per square meter” has been in effect since 2012.
24 emergency architectural monuments were leased. A comprehensive restoration of 20 buildings has been completed, including the Naumov-Volkonskys’ dwelling house on Prechistenka, 36, building 2 was restored in 2021.
Work is underway on four monuments.
New life of VDNKh
The largest restoration site in Moscow in recent years has been the Exhibition of Achievements of the National Economy.
For seven years, large-scale work has been carried out to restore and improve the territory of VDNKh. Comprehensive restoration has been completed at 23 sites. In particular, in 2020, work was completed on the repair of Pavilion No. 29 “Floriculture and Gardening”, as well as a significant amount of work on restoration and adaptation to modern use was completed with the completion in 2021 of the following pavilions: No. 1 “Central”, No. 5 ” Physics “(formerly of the Latvian SSR), No. 6” Chemistry “(formerly of the Lithuanian SSR), now transferred to the Republic of Abkhazia, No. 15” Radio electronics and communications “(formerly” Volga region “), No. 26” Transport of the USSR “(formerly” Agriculture “) , No. 30 “Microbiological Industry” (formerly “Oilseeds”).
Work continues at 23 cultural heritage sites of VDNKh. In the coming years, it is planned to complete the restoration of pavilions No. 2 “Public Education” (formerly “North Caucasus”), No. 4 “Biology” (formerly of the Estonian SSR), now transferred to the Kyrgyz Republic, No. 8 “Young Naturalists”, No. 35 “Glavtabak”, No. 59 “Zerno” (formerly of the Moscow Region), No. 64 “Optics” (formerly of Leningrad and North-West of the RSFSR), No. 66 “Soviet Culture” (formerly of the Uzbek SSR), now transferred to the Republic of Uzbekistan, cafe “Leto” (former ” Tea room “) and others.
Archeology of Moscow
Preservation of heritage is not only the restoration of architectural monuments, but also a great deal of work related to archaeological research. In 2020, archaeologists in the capital have found over 15 thousand various artifacts: treasures, fragments of ancient ceramics, household items and children’s toys.
Among them are a coin of the Golden Horde of the late 14th – early 15th century, porcelain dishes and perfume bottles of the 19th – early 20th centuries, fragments of clay toys of the 19th century. Several unique items were restored: a leather shoe for women with carved ornaments from the first half of the 19th century and a fireproof safe from the Moscow firm Meller.
A well was also museumified – part of the engineering structure of the Mytishchi water pipeline of the second stage of 1830 (near the Rostokinsky aqueduct).
Profession – restorer
In 2020, three specialists were awarded the title of “Honorary Restorer of the City of Moscow”.
Traditionally, at the end of the year, on December 14, 2020, the award ceremony for the laureates of the Moscow Government competition “Moscow Restoration” took place. The winners were 25 specialists and organizations that participated in the restoration of 13 cultural heritage sites.
Despite the COVID-19 pandemic, in 2020, at the College of Architecture, Design and Reengineering No. 26, she continued to work in the distance format “Restorer School” for students in grades 7-11.
Four thematic online marathons were held, timed to coincide with Heritage Days, Archaeologist Day and New Year’s holidays (187 thousand views on the YouTube channel and in social networks), 56 online excursions and virtual tours, more than 100 lectures, two local history dictations, four practical a seminar, a youth forum “Heritage” and a children’s drawing competition “Heritage of my region”.
Within the framework of the project “Heritage Days. Districts ”after the lifting of restrictions, 382 excursions, 18 lectures and 10 volunteer actions were held.
Volunteers and community organizations
In 2020, eight volunteer memorial and patronage actions were organized to care for the works of monumental sculpture that perpetuate the memory of the events and heroes of the Great Patriotic War.
Together with the Manor Volunteers project, seven visits were carried out to clean up the territory of the manor houses of the city of Moscow, including the care of the white stone plinths of the Durasov Palace (Lyublino) and the Horse Court (Kuzminki).
Also, volunteer actions took place to care for the artistic gravestones of the Vvedensky cemetery and to clean up the territories of the Donskoy, Khimki and Kotlyakovsky cemeteries.
Interaction with the Russian Association of Restorers has become an important trend in recent years. With her support, it became possible to carry out targeted works, for example, to restore the historical appearance of the sculpture “Worker” on the building of the “Beijing” hotel (1956, architect D.N. Chechulin, Bolshaya Sadovaya street, 5).
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.