MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
On March 17, 1966, at 13:28 Moscow time, the first launch of a carrier rocket (RN ) “Vostok-2”
with the spacecraft (SC) “Kosmos-112” (SC of surveillance observation “Zenit-2”). In subsequent years, more than 60 types of spacecraft were tested here.
This launch marked the beginning of the space biography of the northernmost cosmodrome on the planet. A year later, the Plesetsk cosmodrome took first place in the world in terms of the number of launches of unmanned spacecraft.
For 55 years, more than 30% of the world’s spacecraft have been launched from the launchers of the planet’s northernmost cosmodrome. 1642 launches of carrier rockets Vostok-2, Voskhod, Vostok-2M, Cosmos-2, Cosmos-3M, Cyclone-3, Rokot, Molniya-M were carried out from Plesetsk “,” Soyuz-M “,” Soyuz-U “,” Soyuz-2 “and” Angara “. Injected into orbit 2,136 spacecraft for various purposes. The highest intensity of launches – 50-70 per year, fell on the 70-80 years.
More than 500 launches of intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) were carried out from the cosmodrome, 13 strategic missile systems for the Strategic Missile Forces were tested.
The Plesetsk cosmodrome is geographically located on the territory of the Arkhangelsk region and is the northernmost cosmodrome in the world.
The total area of the cosmodrome is 176,200 hectares, stretching 46 kilometers from north to south and 82 kilometers from east to west.
Today, the Plesetsk cosmodrome is a complex scientific and technical complex that performs tasks in the interests of the services and combat arms of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation.
It includes launch complexes with launch vehicles for launch vehicles, technical complexes for the preparation of space rockets and spacecraft, a multifunctional refueling and neutralization station (ZNS) for refueling launch vehicles, booster blocks and spacecraft with rocket fuel components, 1473 buildings and structures ,
237 power supply facilities.
The cosmodrome has an extensive network of roads (300 km) and railways (282 km), aviation equipment and a first-class airfield.
At present, the launch vehicle operates at the launch vehicle of the light class “Angara-1.2”, “Soyuz-2.1v”, medium-class “Soyuz-2.1a”, “Soyuz-2.1b”, heavy class “Angara-A5”.
The cosmodrome measuring instruments collect and mathematically process trajectory and telemetric information during launches of space rockets and intercontinental ballistic missiles. The measuring instruments include measuring points located in the cities of Mirny, Severodvinsk, Naryan-Mar, Norilsk.
Ballistic and analytical support for launch vehicle launches carried out from the cosmodrome makes it possible to carry out a complete analysis of the flight performance characteristics of launches of all types of space rockets, to provide ballistic and navigation support for spacecraft launches.
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EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.