MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
Exhibition of the Museum of the History of the Russian Submarine Forces named after A.I. Marinesco in St. Petersburg “Navigation in objects, photographs and documents from the museum funds” has become the most popular project in the first quarter of 2021, which was seen by thousands of visitors.
The exhibition is aimed at generating visitors’ interest in maritime professions. Navigator – a specialty associated with laying the courses of ships and aircraft, calculating movement and monitoring the proper operation of navigation devices. The navigator is responsible for navigational equipment (flags, signal flags, pennants, ship and boat jacks, compasses, nautical charts, sailing directions, etc.).
The navigational warhead is the main link in the navigational service of the ship, specially designed to solve all navigation tasks of navigation related to the calculation of the trajectory of movement and to ensure the navigation safety of navigation. The navigator’s warhead is also entrusted with the tasks of organizing a time service and a hydrometeorological service on the ship. Navigational routing is carried out on the ship continuously.
The history of navigational affairs in Russia is more than 300 years old.
Over time, navigator’s business developed and improved. Both the general management of the navigational service and professional training changed.
With the separation of submarines into a separate class of warships, the leadership of the Navy quickly realized the need to train specialized navigators for service on submarines. Underwater navigation is still considered the most difficult: it is very important for a submarine to take into account the bottom topography, in contrast to a surface ship, for which the depth is sufficient in many parts of the World Ocean.
Currently, navigators are trained by the Military Institute (naval) of the All-Union Scientific Center of the Navy “VMA” (St. Petersburg) and the Pacific Higher Naval School named after S.O. Makarova (Vladivostok).
At the exhibition you can see examples of navigational instruments from the beginning to the end of the twentieth century, as well as photographs, documents and personal belongings of navigators-submariners of the Russian Navy.
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EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.