MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
Read about what the entomologist at the State Budgetary Institution Automobile Roads does and how specialists listen to wires underground – see this mos.ru article.
On the third Sunday of March, the workers of the capital’s Municipal Economy Complex celebrate their professional holiday.
“About 500 thousand people work in the system of the capital’s municipal economy in 85 different areas: from cleaning and sanitary maintenance of urban areas, supplying consumers with resources to comprehensive improvement of public spaces, capital repairs of residential and non-residential stock, healthcare facilities, maintenance of shelters for neglected animals, sales segregated waste collection programs. This is an incomplete list of what our specialists do every day to ensure the life of a huge metropolis. Thanks to their responsibility and hard work, the capital annually confirms its leadership in the quality of public spaces, the reliability of life support systems, and digital development, “said the Deputy Mayor of Moscow for Housing and Utilities and Improvement
Representatives of a wide variety of professions, sometimes very unusual, work in the city economy. Read about the everyday life of a climber, diver, entomologist and a specialist who listens to power lines in this mos.ru article.
Diver: In Norway we were called Crazy Russian Divers
Maxim Droboshevsky, underwater technical diver, head of diving descents of the State Unitary Enterprise “Mosvodostok”
Divers “Mosvodostok” clean reservoirs and collectors from household and construction waste. This is a difficult and responsible job, it requires endurance, courage and responsibility. Divers have a wide variety of skills, including the ability to use sophisticated equipment, often requiring underwater cutting and even welding.
First-class diver with international qualifications Maxim Droboshevsky emphasizes: Mosvodostok specialists work all year round.
“It’s even more convenient to work in winter. Firstly, it is always zero degrees under water – it is not cold there. Secondly, visibility is always better, because in summer the water is cloudy, then you are more guided by touch. We work in completely different locations, including collectors. There are large, old ones – six meters. And sometimes there are small and narrow ones, through which only a diver with equipment can crawl through, ”says Maksim Droboshevsky.
According to him, unusual things are constantly found in collectors and reservoirs, which it is not clear how they got there. Car tires are already the norm. But they also found refrigerators, and open safes, and lamp posts, and even cars, most often old “Cossacks”.
Maxim says that he did not choose a profession – she chose him herself. He was always drawn to physical labor. He worked as a sandblaster, and then got a job as an assistant diver. The company’s management offered to study in Norway, and he agreed.
The man recalls an incident that happened during his studies. He and his partner carried out the task: it was necessary to transfer the load at a depth of 30 meters. After the load was moved, the command was received to rise. The partner was on top of the load, so the first one swam.
“I can see that the load begins to slide, and below the abyss – Oslofjord, depth of 250 meters. I grabbed the stone with one hand and the ring of the dome with the other and hold it. I can’t say anything to my partner, so I’m passing it up via the link, explaining the situation. The partner was told to return. As a result, we saved the training load. And he, as we later learned, costs a lot of money. Later we were told that such situations are not uncommon, but we were the only ones who saved the cargo. They praised us a lot, set us up as an example and began to call us Crazy Russian Divers, ”Maxim recalls.
After training, Maxim became an international first class diver. Already in Russia, he confirmed his skill and became, according to our classification, a diver of the sixth category. Today he is in charge of underwater descents.
“This does not mean that I don’t go under water. On the contrary, I must go first. I inspect the work site, figure out who will do what, what tools to use. This is the only way I can manage the work from above – I have a picture in my head, and I understand where everything is. I also move our heavy equipment, ”explains Maxim.
He believes that three qualities are important for a diver: courage, responsibility and diligence. A person should be completely abstracted from possible fears and involved in work, bringing it to the end at all costs.
Maxim Droboshevsky managed to work as a diver in different places. Once he was in the crew of three icebreakers, which led a convoy of ships from the Kola Bay to Alaska.
“We went to the North Pole and were covered in ice. And it’s indescribable – really like another world from a science fiction movie. There, nature literally shimmers with colors, and the northern seas differ in colors, as if the border between them was drawn. We have such a concept as diving romance: we want to visit large ships, sail the seas, oceans. Everyone strives for this, ”says Maxim.
Entomologist: We are in charge of the lungs of the city
Elena Semenova, entomologist, State Budgetary Institution “Automobile Roads”
An amazing fact: a real entomologist – a specialist in insects – works in the State Budgetary Institution “Automobile Roads”. The organization has a large department that takes care of green areas along highways, highways, at interchanges of the Moscow Ring Road, as well as behind squares and even large parks.
“We, entomologists, conduct surveys of green spaces, look for both harmful and beneficial insects, and are engaged in constant monitoring. We determine the dynamics of the state of plantings, identify pests that spoil and disrupt the decorative effect of plants and can even lead to their death. And of course, we will definitely identify hotbeds of dangerous pests – they are more harmful than ordinary ones, ”Elena Semenova tells about her work.
Surveys of green areas are carried out according to plan – from April to September. This is the growing season in plants, then insects appear.
“Pests are different. For example, leaf-gnawing and sucking are less dangerous, and stems can lead to the death of plants. They must be monitored, especially since they can be carriers of diseases that cause the death of trees. And our task is to prevent this, ”explains Elena Semenova.
There are many objects that need to be examined: sometimes 100 trees, and sometimes even several thousand. Small areas are surveyed completely down to each plant. And on large ones, a certain percentage is checked for each breed.
“We go to the site, inspect green spaces, identify pests. Then we give the specialists a signal, which breeds should be paid attention to, where it is necessary to carry out work on care, treatment with special preparations. There is such a concept “threshold of harmfulness”, for each pest it has its own. If the number of pests is large, then it is dangerous for plants and violates decorativeness, ”explains Elena.
She assures: in Moscow, the situation with pests is calm, everything is within normal limits. In addition, since the city is quite clean, there are beneficial insects that naturally reduce the number of pests.
However, townspeople often panic when they see unfamiliar insects on the plants. For example, they often react this way to black-and-red soldier bugs, bright red gall mites or green caterpillars of whitefly butterflies.
“There used to be a lot of poplar moth butterflies in Moscow, and they flew into the windows of residential buildings. And residents called and wrote to us, who were worried that this moth would eat their clothes. We explained to them that the poplar moth does not eat clothes and has nothing to do with domestic pests. And to prevent insects from flying into the apartment, it is enough to install nets on the windows, ”Elena recalls.
The entomologist profession helps keep plants healthy. And they, in turn, keep the air of the capital clean. Elena Semenova says that involvement in solving environmental problems gives a fighting spirit to work.
“We are responsible for the lungs of the city, for the survival of plants, for their beauty. And there is a sense of pride in our city, our squares, parks where children, adults and the elderly can walk, ”says Elena.
The person who listens to the wires: Some people think I’m looking for radiation
Alexey Dobryden, master of testing and measuring cable lines, Rosseti Moscow Region PJSC
Many power cables run underground to power residential buildings, office buildings and businesses. It happens that they are damaged, and it depends on how quickly the specialists find the malfunction when the lights appear in the houses or the equipment starts working. This is exactly what Alexey Dobryden, a master of testing and measuring cable lines, is doing.
“I use a special acoustic or induction sensor to find damage. An acoustic sensor is a kind of microphone that picks up sounds from underground. If you bring it to the place of damage, then a knock is heard. This is due to the discharge of the high-voltage capacitor – at the point of damage, it goes into electrical oscillation and turns into sound. This is how we find damage, ”explains the specialist.
The equipment with which Alexey is looking for damage looks unusual – headphones, a device with a screen, a wire and a long element that listens to the ground. It often seems strange to passers-by. Some people mistake specialists for treasure hunters, while others think they are looking for radiation.
“Usually grandmothers ask about radiation, they are very worried about this question. But I just do not pay attention to it and fulfill my task, ”says Aleksey Dobryden.
To listen to the wires, you need to be attentive and focused. They are looking for damage on the street, and there are additional noises that interfere with catching the very desired knock. Therefore, work requires strong nerves, because workers cannot stop movement or force people to walk quietly.
“Damage is different, some are well audible, and some are bad – you can stand in one place for a long time. We work in any weather. In the rain, of course, it is more difficult – it bangs on the asphalt, on the sensor. Wind also makes working conditions more difficult. Anything that creates additional noise gets in the way. Sometimes you measure for a few minutes, and sometimes it takes several days. You never know how it will turn out, there is an element of luck. But the more experience you have, the more confident you are, ”explains Alexey.
He emphasizes that his work is not pipelined and makes you think, although there is some element of repetition. At the same time, Alexey Dobryden does not think that his profession is somehow different from others, although many call it unusual.
Climber: Probably, as a child, I did not get pumped up on a swing
Andrey Alexandrin, high-altitude electrician, United Energy Company JSC
High-altitude electricians maintain, change, check and sometimes mount architectural and artistic lighting on buildings.
Andrey Alexandrin has been in the profession for a long time. In the 1990s, he graduated from technical school with a degree in electrical technician, and later went to mountaineering courses.
“Even before the courses, I was an assistant climber, I worked in the wings. At that time, they gave more theory in their studies, and very little practice. Now everything is different, courses for climbers have become more interesting. They will explain everything to you, show you, give you concrete knowledge. And then I passed the exam and, please, work, ”says Andrey.
The working day at the base of the climbers begins with a daily medical examination and familiarization with the work plan. After that, the team selects the necessary equipment, tools and goes to the site. Already there, climbers are instructed, receive an outfit, take the keys to the attic and go up to the roof.
“It’s very beautiful upstairs. When you go up to the roof, you look down, and there people are so small, little ones running around. And you are standing at the top and you are so cool: the sun, the wind, the birds. And below, both people and cars are like toys, ”the electrician shares his impressions.
But, despite the beauty that opens up from above, this profession is very dangerous. Therefore, special attention is paid to safety. High-altitude climbers use only certified climbing equipment – harnesses, systems, descenders, helmets, seats. And the tools are used the same as ordinary electricians.
Andrey loves his job, including for the views that open from the roofs of the capital’s skyscrapers.
“All the objects are remarkable, but the most unusual building I worked on is the Stalinist skyscraper on Kotelnicheskaya embankment. It is the view from this skyscraper that, it seems to me, is the most beautiful and most memorable, especially the sunrise or sunset. In the summer we do not have time to catch them, but in the winter there is a fantastic view. Feeling of unreality. It’s probably worth working for such moments, ”the climber is sure.
He notes that the profession of a high-altitude electrician develops a sense of responsibility for oneself. After all, it’s one thing when you work downstairs in a team with other electricians – the foreman can suggest something, help. And upstairs you decide for yourself how to do it correctly and safely.
Climbers also serve residential buildings, so they often “fly” past the windows of apartments. Residents usually react positively – smiling, greeting, joking.
Reflecting on why he became a high-altitude electrician, Andrey remarks with a laugh: “I guess I didn’t get pumped up on a swing as a child, that’s why I became a climber”.
However, he immediately adds that this is the profession of megacities, and climbers are companions of large cities. There is no other way to service high-rise buildings. The towers can only be expanded up to a certain floor, and in some places they have nowhere to park. And if we talk about skyscrapers, then there are no other options.
Andrey believes that random people do not go to climbers. They all love extreme.
“All our guys, regardless of age, are engaged in something – someone skiing, someone flies on a paraglider, a lot of parachutists. Climbers are, as they say now, adrenaline-dependent people, ”Andrei emphasizes.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.