MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
During the First World War, with the advent of air reconnaissance, the beginning of the use of weapons from airplanes, the question of the presence in the crew of an observer pilot, or, in other words, an aeronautical navigator, came to the fore. As the organizational structure of military aviation improved, special services were born: aeronautical, meteorological, aerial photogrammetric, radiotelegraph, engineering and others.
By order of the Chief of Staff of the Supreme Commander-in-Chief, General of Infantry, Mikhail Alekseev, on March 24, 1916, the Central Air Navigation Station (TsANS) was created. This date was approved by the order of the Air Force Commander-in-Chief of August 2, 2000 as the date of creation of the Navigation Service of the Russian Air Force.
The fruitful activity of Boris Vasilyevich Sterligov, the founder of the theory and practice of air navigation in our country, begins with his work at the Central Air Navigation Station.
From the first days of the Great Patriotic War, the navigational service was engaged in improving the quality of the combat employment of aviation.
Currently, the Air Force navigational service is flight service. Representatives of the navigational service perform combat and training tasks as part of aviation complexes of all types of aviation: long-range, military transport, fighter, bomber, assault, army, naval anti-submarine, special aviation. The Air Force navigational service is organizationally represented in all structural divisions of the Aerospace Forces, such as aviation units (detachments), squadrons, regiments, divisions, armies, command, and the Main Command of the Aerospace Forces.
The service is designed to address the theory and practice of air navigation, combat use of aviation weapons, reconnaissance and electronic warfare systems, airborne assault, organization and conduct of navigational training, navigational support of flights (combat operations) of aviation formations, and ensuring flight safety in navigational relations.
The development of modern aviation systems makes special demands on the professional training of navigators. Navigators are trained by the Chelyabinsk branch of the N.E. Zhukovsky and Yu.A. Gagarin Air Force Academy, which continues the traditions of the Chelyabinsk Higher Military Aviation School of Navigators, created on October 1, 1936. Flight navigational training of cadets is carried out on Tu-134Sh and An-26Sh training and navigational aircraft, specially designed for practical training of various methods of air navigation and bombing.
Aerospace Forces aviation is subdivided into long-range, military transport, operational-tactical (bomber, assault, fighter), army and special aviation according to its purpose and tasks being solved.
Military navigators serve as part of the crews of aircraft and helicopters in officer positions in all types of aviation, while performing tasks both on new and modernized aviation equipment, and on aircraft of earlier years of production. (For example, in long-range aviation, these are missile-carrying aircraft Tu-160, Tu-95MS, Tu-22M3, an Il-78 tanker aircraft. In military transport aviation, these are An-124, Il-76MD, An-12 transport aircraft , as well as special aircraft A-50 and Tu-214.In operational-tactical aviation, these are Su-34, Su-24M bombers, MiG-31 fighter aircraft, Su-30SM multifunctional aircraft.In army aviation, these are Ka-52 combat helicopters , Mi-28, transport helicopter Mi-26. And in naval aviation these are Tu-142 and Il-38).
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EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.