MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
How Moscow became one of the world’s suppliers of pasta – see this mos.ru article.
Spaghetti bolognese, carbonara pasta, ravioli – despite the Italian names, everyone knows these dishes. Even the most discerning Moscow gourmet has a favorite pasta dish. Despite the fact that pasta is strongly associated with Italy, it is produced and exported to many countries. For example, Moscow producers account for almost a third of all Russian pasta exports. To which countries the capital’s pasta is exported – read the mos.ru article.
From Odessa to Moscow
How did the pasta end up in Russia? According to one of the versions, we learned about macaroni (naval style) thanks to Peter I and his passion for the fleet. Among the craftsmen he hired to build ships were Italians. One of them showed the Russians what macaroni is and what they eat with.
In the novel “Favorite” by the writer Valentin Pikul, there is another variant. According to his version, Grigory Potemkin decided to make pasta from grain so that it would not disappear in barns. This was a great decision, as this dish was prepared quickly. But to implement the plan, we needed our own factories.
The first pasta factory in the Russian Empire appeared in 1797 in Odessa. At that time, raw pasta was dried in the fresh air right outside, so a place with sunny weather was required to locate the factory.
It took almost a century for the apparatus for drying the dough to appear. After that, it became possible to build factories in places with a different climate. So, in 1882, another plant was opened in Samara, followed by a factory in Moscow in 1883.
In connection with the expansion, the German Johann Leonard Ding acquired land in the Sokolniki area. There, in 1900, a steam factory for the production of pasta, chocolate and confectionery was launched. The demand for Moscow macaroni grew, and production expanded as well. Soon, the founder of the factory built several more buildings and a factory office.
During the Soviet era, the plant was nationalized, after which it was given a new name – “Moscow pasta factory No. 1”. It works to this day, albeit under a different name.
Today Moscow not only produces pasta, but also actively sells it abroad. Among Russian regions, Moscow ranks second after the Moscow region in the export of pasta. In 2020, the capital delivered them to 44 countries. As noted by the Deputy Mayor of Moscow for Economic Policy and Property and Land Relations Vladimir Efimov, exports increased 16 percent over last year.
Russia is among the top twenty world exporters among the countries producing pasta. According to the Mosprom Center, the export of Russian pasta in 2020 amounted to $ 98.34 million. Since 2015, the volume of the global pasta market has grown by five to six percent, and just because of the pandemic last year it dropped to 4.44 percent. According to experts, by 2025 the global pasta market will reach $ 100.37 billion.
In 2019, the main exporters were Italy, China, Turkey, the Republic of Korea and Thailand. These countries account for more than half of the world’s pasta exports, which totaled $ 8.25 billion. Italy’s exports – $ 2.33 billion.
World imports of pasta in the first 11 months of 2020 amounted to $ 6.62 billion. Most of all pasta from other countries is imported by the USA, Germany, Great Britain, France and Canada. Together, this represents a whopping 48 percent of world imports.
According to experts, since 2015, the level of pasta consumption in the world has been growing at 2.5 percent per year. Most of all they are loved in Italy, where, on average, one person eats 23.1 kilograms of these products per year. Below are Tunisia (17 kilograms), Venezuela (12 kilograms), Greece (11.4 kilograms) and Chile (9.5 kilograms). In Russia in 2019, this figure was 9.1 kilograms.
Despite its place in the top twenty exporters of pasta, Russia has room to grow. According to Mosprom experts, the country has untapped potential in excess of the current annual export volume. Thus, Russia has the ability to supply products to the Netherlands, Great Britain, Germany and Poland.
And Kazakhstan can become the largest sales market for metropolitan manufacturers in Asia. In the North American region, supplies to the markets of the US (by $ 5.9 million) and Canada (by $ 1.7 million) may increase.
The Mosprom Center was created by the Moscow Department of Investment and Industrial Policy. It provides support to the capital’s industrial export and export of agricultural products.
Based on the needs of a specific company, the center’s experts help Moscow manufacturers find counterparties and negotiate with potential buyers abroad for free, and ensure the participation of Moscow companies in international exhibitions.
In addition, the center analyzes target markets for metropolitan producers: they study a macroeconomic report, a risk profile, including entry barriers, the state of the industry and its dependence on exports and imports, and make a SWOT analysis of the consumer market.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.