MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
The government approved the rules for assigning benefits to low-income families for children from 3 to 7 years old inclusive. The rules will take effect on April 1. In accordance with the presidential decree, the allowance will be assigned in the amount of 50, 75 and 100% of the regional subsistence minimum. At the request of the public and the regions, the approach to the assignment of benefits will be targeted.
In 2021, the amount of the payment will vary depending on the family’s income. Last year, the allowance was assigned in the amount of 50% of the regional subsistence minimum per child. This year, if the average per capita income of a family does not reach the regional subsistence level when paying an allowance in the amount of 50% of the regional subsistence level, the benefit will be assigned in the amount of 75% of the regional subsistence level. If, with an increase in the payment, the average per capita income in the family does not rise to the level of the subsistence minimum, then the benefit will be assigned in the amount of 100% of the regional subsistence minimum per child.
It was decided to take it into account when calculating the needs of students. If the eldest child under the age of 23 (unmarried) is studying full-time, then he will be taken into account in the family when calculating the average per capita income.
As part of the family, when assessing the need, children under guardianship will be taken into account, that is, families will be able to receive benefits for the children under guardianship.
It was also decided not to take into account the compensation payment in the amount of 10 thousand rubles, which is received by parents caring for children with disabilities, as part of income. That is, it will not be included in the income of the parents. This decision will make it more affordable to pay for children from 3 to 7 years old to families with a disabled child.
The needs assessment was introduced at the suggestion of the regional authorities. When assigning payments, the income and property of the applicants will be taken into account, and when determining the criteria for need – a wide range of life situations.
In particular, the payment can be received by families with an average per capita income below the subsistence level, who have the following assets and savings:
one apartment of any size or several apartments, if the area for each family member is less than 24 sq. At the same time, if the premises were found unsuitable for living, it is not taken into account when assessing the need. Also, the living quarters occupied by the applicant and (or) a member of his family suffering from a severe form of chronic illness, in which it is impossible for citizens to live together in the same room, and the living quarters provided to a large family as a support measure, are not taken into account. Shares of 1/3 or less of the total area are not counted;
one house of any size or several houses, if the area for each family member is less than 40 sq. At the same time, if the premises were found unsuitable for living, it is not taken into account when assessing the need. Also, the living quarters occupied by the applicant and (or) a member of his family suffering from a severe form of chronic disease, in which it is impossible for citizens to live together in the same room, are not taken into account. Shares of 1/3 or less of the total area are not counted;
one garage, parking space or two, if the family has many children, there is a citizen with a disability in the family, or a motor vehicle or motor vehicle has been issued within the framework of social support measures;
land plots with a total area of no more than 0.25 hectares in urban settlements or no more than 1 hectare if the plots are located in rural settlements or inter-settlement areas. At the same time, land plots provided as a support measure for large families, as well as the Far Eastern hectare, are not taken into account when calculating the need;
one non-residential premises. Household buildings located on land plots intended for individual housing construction, personal subsidiary plots or on garden land plots, as well as property that is common property in an apartment building (basements) or property of common use of a horticultural or vegetable gardening non-profit partnership, are not taken into account;
one car (except for cars under 5 years old with an engine more powerful than 250 hp, except for families with 4 or more children, if the car has more than 5 seats), or two, if the family has many children, a family member has a disability or the car was obtained from as a measure of social support;
one motorcycle, or two if the family has many children, a family member has a disability or a motorcycle was received as a support measure;
one unit of self-propelled equipment under 5 years old (these are tractors, combines and other items of agricultural machinery). Self-propelled vehicles over 5 years of age are not taken into account in the needs assessment, regardless of their number;
by one boat or motor boat under 5 years old. Small boats over 5 years old are not taken into account when assessing the need, regardless of their number;
savings, the annual income from interest on which does not exceed the subsistence minimum per capita in Russia as a whole (i.e., on average, these are deposits of about 250 thousand rubles).
It also introduces a “zero income rule”. It presupposes that the allowance is awarded if the adult family members have earnings (scholarships, income from work or business, or a pension) or the lack of income is justified by objective life circumstances.
The reasons for the lack of income can be:
caring for children, if it is one of the parents in a large family (i.e. one of the parents in a large family may have zero income for all 12 months, and the second parent must have income from labor, entrepreneurial, creative activities or pension, scholarship);
caring for a child, if we are talking about a single parent (i.e., the child officially has only one parent, the second parent has died, is not indicated in the birth certificate, or is missing);
caring for a child until he reaches the age of three;
caring for a citizen with a disability or an elderly person over 80 years old;
full-time education for family members under 23;
military service and a 3-month period after demobilization;
undergoing treatment for 3 months or more;
unemployment (confirmation of official registration as unemployed at the employment center is required, it is taken into account up to 6 months of being in this status);
serving a sentence and a 3-month period after release from prison.
The “Zero Income Rule” does not apply to single parents – that is, those families where the other parent has died, gone missing, or not on the birth certificate.
Taking into account the changed rules for assigning payments, the application form on the public services portal has also been updated.
“The application contains a list of situations that are taken into account when assigning benefits. The citizen will need to fill in only those fields that are relevant to his personal life situation. It is easy to do: just put a tick in the required field of the application. Most of the information about the citizen in the application also does not have to be filled in, they will be automatically loaded from the personal account on the portal of state services, ”said Deputy Head of the Ministry of Labor Alexei Sklyar.
That is, for most of the information required to assign a payment, autofill is provided. A significant part of the data will be entered automatically or loaded from state information systems.
“Without collecting additional certificates, the benefit will be assigned to more than 95% of its recipients. Only if there is no information in the existing information systems, it will be possible to apply for it, get a certificate and issue a manual, ”explained Alexey Sklyar.
Previously, when assigning benefits, citizens had to contact various authorities and collect certificates. The appointment and payment of benefits for children from 3 to 7 years old will take place under the new system of “one window”, he explained.
According to Alexei Sklyar, based on the results of work in the new format, the Ministry of Labor will make decisions on further simplifying the registration and receipt of benefits by citizens, including within the framework of the creation of a “social treasury”. This system will increase the targeting and effectiveness of social support at all levels: federal, regional, municipal, and will allow citizens to issue benefits quickly and conveniently.
More details about the purpose of payments for children from 3 to 7 years old can be found on the official website of the Ministry of Labor of Russia.
The document will be published.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.