MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
Even those kids who usually can’t get away from their gadgets will opt for the book if they find the right approach. The capital’s librarians figured out how to interest the children. They offer walks in Surikov’s Moscow, studying Kolobok’s psychology and writing Kalevala with a goose quill.
Children’s libraries are still popular and in demand, even though modern schoolchildren are passionate about gadgets. To make children love reading, librarians bring book pages to life for them, come up with quests, master classes and games. For International Children’s Book Day, which is celebrated on April 2, mos.ru has prepared a selection of the most unusual children’s libraries in Moscow.
In 1919, at one of the meetings, members of the Moscow Council of Workers, Peasants and Red Army Deputies decided to buy books for the Sushchevsko-Maryinsky Club – to educate the proletarians. This meeting became the first chapter in the history of the library No. 46 named after I.Z. Surikov, the central children’s department of which is located in the Koptevo district at the address: Mikhalkovskaya street, house 15. The fund contains 77.5 thousand books. Among them are poems by the self-taught poet Ivan Surikov. Many grandmothers still read his “Childhood” to their grandchildren.
This is my village;
Here is my home;
Here I am rolling in a sled
Along the steep mountain …
“The poet’s father was a merchant, selling vegetables, then iron, and Ivan helped him all his life. And so we made an excursion route “Surikovskaya Moscow” in those areas of the capital where the Surikovs visited and worked. One of these areas is Zamoskvorechye. Many buildings of the 19th century, from the time of the Surikovs, have not survived, but we still tell children about them and show which houses have replaced the old ones, what is in them, ”says the director of the central children’s library No. 46 named after I.Z. Surikova Zoya Isaeva.
Children listen to the excursion like a grandmother’s fairy tale. After such a walk, I want to continue – to read something about Moscow and Surikov, to get acquainted with the poet’s work. According to Zoya Isaeva, all the activities of the library are aimed at making schoolchildren fall in love with books. For example, the Day of Naum the Literate is held annually. Indirectly, this day is also associated with Surikov, who described peasant life in his poems.
“In the old days, on December 14, the holiday of the prophet Naum, agricultural work ended and the peasants sent their children to study. And on this day we hold meetings with children’s publishing houses, ”explains the director of the library.
A new project has recently started. Children learn the MCC stations and at the same time the history of the place through which the railway passes. We started with Koptev: nearby, on the banks of the Golovinsky ponds, is the Mikhalkovo estate of the 18th century.
Central Children’s Library named after I.Z. Surikov is a kind of folk reading house. Everywhere there are boxes with books in bright covers: children independently choose what they like without asking librarians for help. There are also coloring books and puzzles. Comics department will open soon, where master classes will be held: children will learn to draw the adventures of their favorite book heroes.
“Although they say that there should be silence in the library, it is not quiet here. We allow children to make noise, to run, to misbehave. Feeling free, they are more likely to want to pick up a book. And our method works. It is not the first generation that has grown up and brought their children and grandchildren to us, ”notes Zoya Isaeva.
Another library with history is Gaidarovka. At the beginning of the 20th century, historian Vasily Klyuchevsky bequeathed his personal book collection to the city. This collection in 1915 formed the basis of the children’s library. In 1964, the library moved from Bolshaya Kommunisticheskaya Street to Rostovskaya Embankment, building 5, and a year later it was named after the writer Arkady Gaidar.
The library is one of the largest in the capital, with more than 217,000 books, magazines, and audiobooks in its collection. Here, too, children are taught to read with pleasure. So, for first-graders every year the action “First-class reader” is held. First, the children are shown the cartoon “Why Go to Libraries”, then books are recommended, for example, “First Graders” by Agnia Barto and “Big Little Girl” by Maria Bershadskaya. Parents are offered a separate list to motivate young readers, in particular, the book by Oscar Brenife “Why do I go to school?”, Michaelin Mandy “School is great!”, Yulia Kuznetsova “Raschitayka. How to help your child to love reading ”.
Modern writers are also trying to create new works for children. They demonstrate their work at the festival of short stories “Bark”, which is organized by the Central City Children’s Library named after A.P. Gaidar.
Kolobok psychology and amazing ABC
In the children’s library № 211 “Pioneer”, located on Bolshaya Dorogomilovskaya street at 7, the author’s method of introducing children to books was developed. There are more than 32 thousand of them here.
“We organized a circle“ Art Studio of Daria Panchenko ”. Daria is our employee, psychologist and artist. Before each lesson, she gives the children an assignment to read a fairy tale or story. When the children come to class, Daria asks them to draw a picture based on what they have read and explains what it is from the point of view of psychology. By the next time he was ordered to read the tale about Kolobok. The most interesting thing is what happens in the end! We always have queues at the Art Studio, ”says Araksia Zholobova, director of the Pioneer library.
Employees also help schoolchildren fall in love with textbooks: they give lectures on current professions together with outstanding representatives of various fields.
In the children’s department of the Central City Youth Library named after M.A. Svetlov, which is located at 24 in Bolshoy Tishinsky Lane, children are attracted primarily by the bright interior and colorful furniture. In addition, meetings with contemporary children’s writers are regularly held there, for example, the poet Yevgeny Sosnovsky, the author of motivational poems. So, in his book DruzhiMishki. Amazing ABC “there are such lines:” Well, how can you find out everything? How do we figure it out? We need to read books! Does everyone understand, brothers? “
Library garden and colorful giraffe
In the children’s library № 207 named after V.V. Bianki, located on Bolshaya Filevskaya in house 43, young readers are taught to love not only books (there are 24.5 thousand of them here), but also the material from which they are made: they bring up a respect for nature.
“Since Vitaly Bianchi wrote about nature, and we have an almost complete collection of his works, we chose the eco-profile,” explains the director of the V.V. Bianki Vladimir Golovachev.
In the spring, visitors to the reading room take part in the action “Library row”: they grow flowers on windowsills from seeds. Each pot is signed with the name of the young gardener, and if you point your smartphone at the QR code on the plate, you can find out what the flower is called and what is its peculiarity.
“We also regularly hold the competition“ The most environmentally friendly family in the Western District ”. Participants demonstrate how they save natural resources in an apartment, for example, reduce electricity consumption, ”says the director.
In addition, the library hosts the annual Crystal Tree of Knowledge event. Under the guidance of chemists from Moscow State University, the guys grow crystals from salt, and in the process they conduct experiments. This activity motivates you to read something about entertaining chemistry. Another event is “The Land of Kalevala”: young book lovers pick up pens, dip them in ink and write lines from the Karelian-Finnish epic.
In the near future – the project “Eco-travel”. The wife of the traveler Fyodor Konyukhov, Irina, has already visited Bolshaya Filevskaya Street and told about Kalmykia. Now the guys are waiting for Violetta Shanina, the author of a travel guide to Kamchatka.
“It is not easy to keep up with the rapidly changing world. But we manage to convey to the children how wonderful it is to sit on the windowsill, wrapped in a blanket, with a book and a cup of tea. While we were renovating, many looked into the windows and lamented: will they really close the library? ” – says the director.
The ecological theme is also close to the children’s library No. 178 – the cultural center named after A.L. Barto. The reading room is located at 24 Dmitry Ulyanov Street. There are 64,000 books on its shelves, including works about the Earth. They are dedicated to the literary and ecological club “Multicolored Giraffe”.
“At each meeting of the Colored Giraffe, we talk about some animal, plant or natural phenomenon. Children from three to seven years old study literature on the topic, read aloud and do creative work from environmental materials, ”explains the head of the library, Irina Koloskova.
Harry Potter never dreamed of
In the central library № 197 named after A.A. Akhmatova, who is located at 34 Krylatskie Holmy Street, understands that today, for a child, the magic of modern technologies is stronger than the magic of fairy tales. Therefore, the library staff decided to combine reading with digital development. The children’s fund contains about 60 thousand publications. To make the children want to take these books in their hands, they are offered to first play electronic games or listen to a lecture on technology. The lecturer portrays a professor who could teach at Hogwarts.
“The library works according to the Smart concept: open spaces, a minimum of shelving and a maximum of technology. For example, there is an interactive table and an interactive floor. When our youngest visitors click on the screen-table, a cartoon character appears there, who asks to guess what time of day it is or which family member he will show. This is how the child gets elementary ideas about the world. And on the floor, we broadcast a projection, so that children can, for example, clean the ocean from garbage: they have to jump on animated cans or banana skins, after which this garbage disappears. There are 84 games in total in the interactive floor, ”says the director of the library, Vladimir Kosarevsky.
In a smart reading room, most of the processes are automated. It is more interesting for children to borrow books if they use modern technologies. The publications are equipped with RFID chips, and in order to find the book you need, you have to walk around the room with a radio device (RFID scanner). And you can return the book after reading it at the electronic station: just attach the barcode of the library card to the screen and lower the volume into the opening of the device.
The most popular books in the library, according to Vladimir Kosarevsky, are about Harry Potter. But children also readily read the works of Valentin Berestov. Surely many are familiar with the following lines:
How good it is to be able to read! Don’t bother your mother, Don’t shake your grandmother: “Read, please, read!”
The writer’s daughter Marina sometimes visits here, brings the children books, talks about the famous father.
“Our library is named after Anna Akhmatova. Nevertheless, the connection with Berestov is not accidental, and the children’s department bears his name. During World War II, Akhmatova and the Berestov family were evacuated to Tashkent. There, the poetess hosted a reception and invited aspiring writers. Among them was young Valentine. He decided to read his poems, and Anna praised him. The high appraisal of Akhmatova herself inspired Berestov so much that he went up the hill as if by magic, ”recalls the director of the library.
Vladimir Kosarevsky is sure: magic awaits the library too. There are many interesting projects ahead. One of them is an audio guide to the collection of library books.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.