MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
The new stations will be used by 42.4 thousand passengers per day. In the future, the total passenger traffic of the stations will increase to 95.4 thousand people a day.
On the Big Circle Line (BCL), the metro opened two more stations – “Narodnoe Opolchenie” and “Mnevniki”.
“Khoroshevo-Mnevniki is a large Moscow region, which received two metro stations for the first time. Well, the Big Circle Line has grown with two more stations. There are now 12 stations in the BCL. There is very little left – 19 more to build, but I am sure that we will cope with this task. These stations will be used by about 40 thousand passengers daily, and in the future – about 90 thousand, ”he said.
Sergei Sobyanin at the opening ceremony.
According to the Mayor of Moscow, with the advent of new metro stations, travel time for Muscovites who live in the area will be reduced by 30-40 minutes.
“Congratulations on completing a great job. We are very grateful to the builders who, despite the serious difficulties that arose here, completed their work on time and with high quality, ”said Sergei Sobyanin.
The new stations were built as part of a 4.6-kilometer section from the existing Khoroshevskaya station to Mnevnikov. They became the first metro stations in the Khoroshevo-Mnevniki area. The area next to them was improved. Experts have restored the road network, installed modern public transport stops, equipped pedestrian paths, bicycle parking and recreation areas, and planted trees and bushes.
After the opening of new stations on the western radius of the BCL, forklift traffic will be organized. Departing from the Savelovskaya station, the trains will follow to Khoroshevskaya and then either to the Delovoy Tsentr station, or to the new Mnevniki station (a similar traffic pattern operates on the Filevskaya line).
The train frequency will be increased. The traffic interval during rush hour on the Savelovskaya – Khoroshevskaya section will be reduced by 15 seconds – from 02:45 to 02:30 minutes, which will create 2.6 thousand additional passenger seats. On the sections “Khoroshevskaya” – “Mnevniki” and “Khoroshevskaya” – “Delovoy Tsentr” the traffic interval during rush hour will be about five minutes.
Travel will become more comfortable
The new BCL stations will be able to use 42.4 thousand passengers per day. In the future, their total passenger traffic per day will increase to 95.4 thousand.
Thanks to convenient transfers at Tagansko-Krasnopresnenskaya, Zamoskvoretskaya, Serpukhovsko-Timiryazevskaya and other metro lines, it will be possible to save up to 30-40 minutes on travel on many routes.
After the opening of new stations, the load on the operating stations of the Tagansko-Krasnopresnenskaya line – the most demanded in the Moscow metro, among which Polezhaevskaya – up to 26 percent, Oktyabrskoye Pole – up to 20 percent, and Shchukinskaya – up to 11 percent should be reduced. It is expected that there will be fewer passengers at the Khoroshevo station of the Moscow Central Ring (MCC) – up to 24 percent.
The stations will be able to attract up to 5.5 thousand new passengers who previously used ground public and personal transport. This will reduce the load on the adjacent road network: on Marshal Zhukov Avenue – by seven percent, Narodnogo Opolcheniya Street – by two percent, Zvenigorodskoye Highway – by seven to eight percent, Nizhniye Mnevniki Street – by 11 percent, Kutuzovsky Avenue – by four – five percent.
Station “People’s Militia”
Narodnoe Opolchenie station is located along Marshal Zhukov Avenue at the intersection with Demyan Bedny Street. Two underground lobbies go on both sides of Marshal Zhukov Avenue, to Demyan Bednogo Street, ground transport stops, residential and public buildings.
In the future, an interchange hub will be created at the Narodnoe Opolchenie station for the new Rublevo-Arkhangelskaya metro line. The main groundwork for its construction has already been created, which will significantly reduce the construction time of the second station.
112,960 people took part in the voting on the choice of the station name on the Active Citizen portal. 62 148 people (55 percent) voted for the “People’s Militia” option. The alternative name “Karamyshevskaya” was preferred by 40,590 people (36 percent). According to 10,222 (nine percent) voting participants, this issue should have been resolved by specialists.
“There were no questions about the choice of the name of the Mnevniki station. On the other hand, there were serious discussions about Karamyshevskaya. The City Committee of Veterans proposed to rename it to the “People’s Militia” station taking into account the fact that, firstly, Narodniy Militia Street is located nearby, and secondly, this year we are celebrating the 80th anniversary of the People’s Militia in 1941, which went to the front. These are 16 divisions, and practically none of these people returned home. So the Muscovites, having voted, approved the name of the station on the basis of geography, but most importantly, in honor of the thousands and thousands of Muscovites who went to the front and defended the capital, “Sergei Sobyanin said.
In walking distance from the new metro station on Narodnogo Opolcheniya street, there is a monument to the “Militias”, erected in 1974.
The station’s decoration is dedicated to the people’s militias of 1612, 1812 and 1941. In the lobbies and on the track walls, there are thematic drawings made using ultraviolet printing. The floor of the station is paved with dark gray granite slabs that contrast with the walls clad with aluminum panels. The stainless steel columns stand out organically against the matte panels. Part of the ceiling is finished with a horizontal aluminum strip.
The construction of the Narodnoe Opolchenie station was carried out in rather cramped conditions of residential development, therefore, the preparatory and initial stages of work took quite a long time, said Igor Zeliger, President of Ingeocom Association JSC.
Also, when tunneling, the builders faced some difficulties. “On one side there was the Moskva River, on the other – an underground river, so the tunnel here is not quite ordinary – with metal cores,” explained Igor Zeliger.
Active work at the station itself began 1.5 years ago. The new metro will be able to use about 250 thousand residents who live in the surrounding areas. According to specialists’ calculations, 29 thousand people will pass through the station every hour.
The Mnevniki station is located in the northern part of the Mnevnikovskaya floodplain. Two underground lobbies overlook ground transport stops, promising residential and public buildings.
The design of the station was chosen in an open competition, the winner of which was the Architectural Bureau of Timur Bashkaev. The main idea proposed by the authors of the project is to visually unite different parts of the station with free-standing red supports (columns).
In the facing of walls and ceilings, materials were used that imitate concrete surfaces in three basic colors: light gray, gray and dark gray. The floor has a homogeneous coating of light gray granite.
An interesting feature of the architectural solution was the partial increase in the height of the main lobby and the formation of an atrium with natural light. Such techniques were characteristic of the early stations of the Moscow metro.
In the future, it is planned to create a transport interchange hub (TPU) at the Mnevniki station with residential, public, business and social facilities. A significant part of the development will be houses built under the renovation program.
BCL: from idea to implementation
The construction of the Big Circle Line is the world’s largest metro construction project. Its length will be 70 kilometers, it will house 31 stations and three electric depots, including the existing section “Kakhovskaya” – “Kashirskaya”. For comparison: the length of the existing Metro Circle Line is 19.4 kilometers (12 stations), which is 3.5 times less than the Big Circle Line.
The BCL may become the longest subway ring line in the world, leaving behind the current leader – the second ring line of the Beijing subway, which is 57 kilometers long.
“I think in two years we will completely finish the Big Circle Line, and it will be possible to move around the city, crossing all the main metro lines,” Sergei Sobyanin said at a meeting with residents of the Khoroshevo-Mnevniki district.
The BCL will connect the existing and prospective radial lines at a distance of up to 10 kilometers from the existing Circle Line, which will relieve the first (stations inside the ring) and the second (the Ring Line itself) interchange circuits of the Moscow metro.
During the construction of the Big Circle Line, technical solutions are being laid that will allow connecting new metro radii to it: Rublevo-Arkhangelskaya line at Narodnoe Opolchenie station, Troitskaya line at Novatorskaya station and a promising line in Biryulevo and Shcherbinka at Klenovy Boulevard …
From the BCL stations it will be possible to make transfers to 20 stations of 11 metro lines, four transfers to the MCC, six transfers to the Moscow Central Diameters (MCD) – MCD-1 “Belorussko-Savelovsky” (Odintsovo – Lobnya) and MCD-2 “Kursk-Rizhsky »(Nakhabino – Podolsk), 11 changes on the railway line. The largest TPUs of the Big Circle Line will be Delovoy Tsentr, Savelovskaya, Nizhegorodskaya and Novatorskaya.
They thought about the construction of the BCL back in 1985. But due to lack of resources and for other reasons, the project could not be started for 25 years. The decision to build was made by Sergei Sobyanin.
The construction of the line is divided into the following sections:
– northwest – from the station “Delovoy Tsentr” to “Savelovskaya”. Stages: “Business Center” – “Petrovsky Park” (the section is open to passengers on February 26, 2018), “Petrovsky Park” – “Savelovskaya” (the section is open to passengers on December 30, 2018);
– north-east – from “Savelovskaya” to “Nizhegorodskaya”. Stages: Nizhegorodskaya – Lefortovo (the section is open to passengers on March 27, 2020), Lefortovo – Electrozavodskaya (the section is open for passengers on December 31, 2020), Electrozavodskaya – Savelovskaya;
– western – from the Khoroshevskaya station to the Kuntsevskaya station. Stages: Khoroshevskaya – Mnevniki (opened for passengers on April 1, 2021), Mnevniki – Kuntsevskaya;
– southwest – from “Kuntsevskaya” to the station “Prospekt Vernadsky”. Stages: “Aminevskaya” – “Prospect Vernadsky”, “Kuntsevskaya” – “Aminevskaya”;
– southern – from the station “Prospekt Vernadsky” to the station “Kakhovskaya” (including the reconstruction of the section “Kashirskaya” – “Kakhovskaya”);
– east – from the station “Kashirskaya” to “Nizhegorodskaya”.
Driving of 95 percent of the tunnels has already been completed. The overall construction readiness of the ring is 74 percent.
Results and plans: how the Moscow metro is developing
Since 2011, 310 kilometers of lines, 150 stations, three additional lobbies of the metro, MCC and MCD, as well as 10 electric depots have been put into operation.
– section from Maryino station to Zyablikovo station (three stations);
– section from the Maryina Roshcha station to the Seligerskaya station (six stations);
– the second vestibule of the Maryina Roshcha station;
– the second vestibule of the Petrovsko-Razumovskaya station.
– section from Novogireevo station to Novokosino station (one station);
– section from Delovoy Tsentr station to Ramenki station (five stations);
– the section from the Ramenki station to the Rasskazovka station (seven stations).
– section from Krasnogvardeyskaya station to Alma-Atinskaya station (one station);
– Technopark station;
– section from the station “Rechnoy Vokzal” to the station “Khovrino” (two stations).
– section from the Mitino station to the Pyatnitskoe shosse station (one station).
– section from Vykhino station to Kotelniki station (three stations);
– Spartak station.
– section from the station “Ulitsa Starokachalovskaya” to the station “Bitsevsky Park” (two stations).
– section from Yugo-Zapadnaya station to Salaryevo station (three stations);
– section from Salaryevo station to Kommunarka station (four stations).
– section from Kosino station to Nekrasovka station (four stations);
– section from the station “Nizhegorodskaya” to the station “Kosino” (three stations).
Large circular line:
– section from Delovoy Tsentr station to Savelovskaya station (six stations);
– section from Nizhegorodskaya station to Lefortovo station (three stations);
– section from Lefortovo station to Electrozavodskaya station (one station);
– transfer between the stations “Petrovsky Park” of the Big Circle Line and “Dynamo” of the Zamoskvoretskaya Line;
– section from Khoroshevskaya station to Mnevniki station (two stations).
– the second lobby of the Mezhdunarodnaya station.
Moscow Central Circle – 31 stations.
Moscow Central Diameters (MCD-1, MCD-2) – 60 stations, of which 20 are interchanges to the metro, MCC and MCD.
Electric depot (including reconstruction): Mitino, Brateevo, Pechatniki, Vykhino, Planernoe, Nizhegorodskoe, Likhobory, Solntsevo, Vladykino, Rudnevo.
The plans for 2021 are to complete the construction of 27.4 kilometers of lines and 11 metro stations, including:
– the western section of the BCL from the Khoroshevskaya station to Kuntsevskaya (8.1 kilometers, four stations). The first stage: from the Khoroshevskaya station to Mnevniki (opened for passengers on April 1, 2021), the length is 4.6 kilometers (two stations);
– south-western section of the BCL from the Kuntsevskaya station to the Prospekt Vernadsky station (9.2 kilometers, four stations);
– the southern section of the BCL from the Prospekt Vernadsky station to the Kakhovskaya station (seven kilometers, three stations);
– a connecting line with the Nizhegorodskoye depot (1.9 kilometers);
– dead ends behind the station “Business Center” BCL (1.2 kilometers);
– the second vestibule of the Lesoparkovaya station of the Butovskaya line;
– transfer from the BCL to the existing Aviamotornaya station of the Kalininskaya line.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.