MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
Once they raised animals for the royal hunting, grazed horses, tamed the water, and now they are building a subway. Read about the past, present and future of the region in the mos.ru article.
The Khoroshevo-Mnevniki district is considered one of the most comfortable in the capital. There is a natural monument “Serebryany Bor” and the Moskva River flows, good schools have been built, and on April 1 in the region opened two stations Big roundabout metro line – “People’s Militia” and “Mnevniki”.
This area has been known since ancient times. Here, wild animals were raised for the royal hunting and fish were bred for the royal meals, and later this place became the main supplier of horses for Moscow. How the Khoroshevo-Mnevniki district developed and how it lives today – see this mos.ru article.
Good because it’s good here
The double name of the district indicates that there were two settlements on this place earlier. The Khoroshevo area has been known since the 16th century.
If everything is more or less obvious with the first part of the district name, then with Mnevniki it is more difficult. This word comes from the word “mion” – the old Russian name for the fish burbot. In ancient times, burbots were bred here for the royal table. Fish was popular in Moscow; many dishes were prepared from it, including mynova fish soup.
From stud farm to water taming
Horoshevo-Mnevniki is a green area. Almost a third of the territory is occupied by natural zones. And the most famous of them is Serebryany Bor.
“This is a traditional resting place for Muscovites. Earlier, horses were raised here for the royal court. Boris Godunov was Ivan the Terrible’s groom. It was he who was in charge of the Khoroshevsky horse yard – it can be called the first stud farm in Moscow. It was here in the meadows and swamps, on the banks of the Moskva River, that horses grazed. Then the best of them were delivered to the royal court. We can say that city transport started from this place, ”Philip Smirnov tells about the history of Serebryany Bor.
Serebryany Bor is a natural monument of regional significance and a specially protected natural area. Here you can find over 300 species of herbaceous plants, over 30 species of shrubs and 40 species of trees. The park is home to over 90 species of animals, including ferrets, otters, shrews, hares, beavers, as well as weasels, hedgehogs, and ermines.
At the beginning of the twentieth century, a summer cottage settlement appeared here. Some buildings of that time can be seen today. Older buildings have also survived in the park. For example, at the entrance is the Travel Tower, built in the 1770s.
In the 1930s, the territory of Serebryany Bor turned into an artificial island. This happened thanks to the construction of the Moscow-Volga canal. Philip Smirnov calls this a unique event.
“This is the place where the human mind defeated the elements. Moscow suffered from frequent floods, the most recent of which was in 1926. Then the central part of the city was seriously damaged. There was another problem that remained relevant in the 1930s – the shortage of drinking water. To solve them, it was decided to lay the Moscow-Volga canal. And a system was invented by which the water overcomes 130 kilometers through the hills with the help of locks. The canal helped to solve the problem of floods, lack of drinking water, and shipping also appeared. And this overcoming of nature can be seen in Khoroshevo-Mnevniki. “
The local historian is sure: in order to understand how the districts of the capital are connected, in order to feel their history, you must definitely see the structures of the Moscow Canal, built in the 1930s: the Karamyshevskoye and Khoroshevskoye straightenings, the embankment, locks, Khoroshevsky and Karamyshevsky bridges.
It’s enough just to walk along the river
Despite the rich history of the region, the most famous symbol of Khoroshevo-Mnevnikov is the Zhivopisny Bridge, built in 2007. Its 100-meter red openwork arch is visible from afar, so it is immediately remembered. There is an observation deck on the bridge with a picturesque view of Serebryany Bor and the city. By the way, this is the highest cable-stayed bridge in Europe, and its design has no analogues at all in the world.
But the tallest structure in the Khoroshevo-Mnevniki district is located elsewhere. Philip Smirnov believes that you must see him.
“There is a radio mast on Demyan Bedny Street, which resembles the Shabolovskaya radio tower. This is the fifth tallest structure of its kind in Russia – 258 meters. During its construction, a helicopter crane was used. It was an interesting operation, which was watched by quite a lot of Muscovites. And now it is a kind of dominant of the region, ”says the local historian.
There are many other attractions in the Khoroshevo-Mnevniki area – for every taste. Connoisseurs of Russian architecture can admire the ancient churches. The most beautiful of them is the Church of the Life-Giving Trinity, built in 1598. The church is located on the Karamyshevskaya embankment. And not far away you can find houses from the 1930-1950s.
“In this area, I have always been fascinated by the mixing of various cultural layers, echoes of various historical events, including those that were relatively close to us. In fact, in Khoroshevo-Mnevniki it is just enough to walk along the river to see all the beauties and features of the area. The embankments have been ennobled, and there is a lot of greenery in the parks. This is a very comfortable place, ”says Philip Smirnov.
Getting to the area just got easier
It is quite easy to get to Khoroshevo-Mnevniki to wander along the embankments and Serebryany Bor. The area is connected to the center and the rest of the city by bus and electric bus routes. There are also two stations of the Moscow Central Circle – Zorge and Khoroshevo.
“It’s spring now, soon it will get quite warmer and people will look for places to rest. The easiest way is to take the M6 bus near Manezhnaya Square and get to Serebryany Bor. And now you are strolling among the relict pines, looking at wooden architecture, old summer cottages, and reaching the Moskva River. After that, completely different sensations from the city, because here are the 1930s, and very old times, and modern times. It’s like a portal to the past, ”says Philip Smirnov.
From April 1, getting to the area has become even easier. The stations “Narodnoe opolchenie” and “Mnevniki” of the Big Circle Line were opened here. They became the first metro stations in Khoroshevo-Mnevniki. With their opening, the travel time for residents of the district will be reduced by 30-40 minutes. It is expected that about 40 thousand people will use the new stations every day, and in the future the number of passengers will grow to 90 thousand.
It is easy to get to Khoroshevo-Mnevniki by private transport. The North-West Expressway passes through the region, new Krylatsky and Karamyshevsky bridges have been built. Other important highways run here – Narodnogo Opolcheniya Street, Zvenigorodskoe Highway, Marshal Zhukov Avenue.
As part of the construction of the North-West Expressway, a winchester tunnel, the first in Russia, was opened in 2016. The movement is organized on two levels – one way underground, and the other at a height of 10 meters.
Accomplishment, healthcare, education
In the region, much attention is paid not only to the development of transport infrastructure, but also to improvement. Under the program “My District”, General Karbyshev Boulevard, People’s Opolchentsev Square, Berzarin Street, and Marshal Zhukov Avenue were put in order. By 2023, the pedestrian zone in the area of Narodnogo Opolcheniya street, the territory near the temple of Dimitri of Thessaloniki and Pushkin square will be landscaped.
In 2021, the work on the improvement of Demyan Bedny Street adjacent to the Narodnoe Opolchenie metro station will be completed last year. They will tidy the sidewalks, replace the asphalt, install new lanterns with energy-saving lamps, navigation steles, benches and trash cans, break the lawn and plant trees and bushes.
By the way, if you pay attention to the names of the streets of the district, then their military orientation is striking. This is no accident: during the Great Patriotic War, Moscow’s defense line passed through Khoroshevo-Mnevniki. There are still pillboxes, bunkers and concrete caps here. But this is not the only reason.
“Since 1922, this part of the vast Khodynsky meadow, known since the XIV century, was called the Military Field. And this is no coincidence. On the territory from Leningradskoye to Khoroshevskoye highway, a lot of subdivisions of the Moscow military district were quartered. To this day, the editorial office of the Krasnaya Zvezda newspaper remains on the Khoroshevskoye Highway, there are barracks buildings and a cadet school. That is, this area was, let’s say, a training ground, or parade ground, of the Moscow military district. All trainings were carried out there. And therefore, after the war, even without taking into account the fact that the line of defense passed here, it was decided to name the streets and avenues of the region after the heroes of the Soviet Union, marshals, ”explains Philip Smirnov.
Now on the streets, named after eminent military men, a peaceful life flows: houses are standing, schools, kindergartens, clinics, hospitals are open. Since 2012, six buildings for preschoolers and two buildings for schoolchildren have been built. Over a thousand kids and 400 schoolchildren can attend them.
The most famous public health facility in Khoroshevo-Mnevnikov is the city clinical hospital No. 67 named after L.А. Vorokhobova. Since 2005, most of the working areas have been overhauled here. And in 2020, the hospital was supposed to open the largest perinatal center in Europe. But due to the coronavirus pandemic, it was repurposed in 10 days to help patients with COVID-19. Last year, a modern trauma center was opened, and the overhaul of the operating units of the spinal neurosurgery center was completed.
There are also two clinics in the district. In branch No. 2 of the children’s polyclinic No. 94 in February, a major overhaul began – after the completion of the work, the institution will correspond new Moscow standard… The overhaul is planned in the branch No. 2 of the polyclinic No. 115. The repair work in the head building was carried out in 2017.
Today Khoroshevo-Mnevniki is an attractive area for living.
“Even in the Middle Ages there was such wisdom that a person becomes happy when he has prospects, high-quality water and good housing. And we can probably say that Khoroshevo-Mnevniki has it all ”.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.