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April 7, 2021, 09:03

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Photo by M. Mishin. Press Service of the Mayor and the Moscow Government

Millions of tests, refurbished hospitals and unique medical technologies have enabled Moscow to resist the new coronavirus infection.

Over the past year, Moscow has implemented dozens of technological solutions that have helped doctors and patients fight the coronavirus. Unique medical centers, medical practices and scientific achievements made it possible to protect the health of residents and bring the end of the pandemic as close as possible.

“For more than a year, Moscow has been living under the conditions of the COVID-19 pandemic. During this time, we have learned a lot about this disease and have learned to resist it. And the mass vaccination, which Moscow began the first in the country, will put an end to the spread of the disease, “wrote

in his blog, Sergei Sobyanin.

Large-scale testing

Moscow became the first city to face a new infection in Russia. On February 29, the first case of COVID-19 was recorded here. And on March 5, the capital introduced a high alert regime, which became a model for other regions of the country. Then the main task was to create a large-scale testing system for the rapid detection of cases. PCR tests began to be taken on a mandatory basis from people from risk groups who arrived from other countries living with the sick, from patients suffering from chronic diseases, and from elderly people with signs of a viral infection. Together with Rospotrebnadzor, the capital made free PCR tests mandatory for everyone with ARVI symptoms.

In May, Muscovites could check the level of antibodies to COVID-19 in city ELISA centers. So it was possible to identify asymptomatic carriers of the virus and isolate them in a timely manner. By mid-July, anyone could take the PCR test. All test results are displayed in an electronic medical record and are available to the doctor and the patient. Additionally, Muscovites receive SMS notifications with test results.

Profile clinics

They began to redesign Moscow clinics for the fight against coronavirus in early March. New, not yet open hospitals were immediately used to treat patients with COVID-19. So, the first patients with a new diagnosis began to accept complex in Kommunarka, which has become the flagship of the fight against COVID-19 in Russia. Within a few days, there were equipped sanitary checkpoints and sluices, separating the clean and red zones.

In parallel, a new modern infectious diseases hospital in Voronovsky was built in the shortest possible time. In total, at the peak of the pandemic, 26,000 beds were deployed in Moscow.

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Effective practices

In April, a clinical committee was set up in Moscow to develop protocols for the diagnosis and treatment of the new virus. It includes 23 experts. Their actions made it possible to evenly distribute the workload and ensure effective interaction between outpatient and inpatient care.

Experts have collected the best medical practices and approved a single standard in the approach to the treatment of COVID-19 in hospitals. Moscow clinics were among the first in the world to use donor plasma with antibodies for the treatment of patients. This technology makes it possible to almost halve the risks of deteriorating the patient’s condition and transferring him to a ventilator.

In the shortest possible time, the outpatient care service was reoriented to treat patients at home. In April, on the basis of city polyclinics CT centers opened, where citizens with ARVI, community-acquired pneumonia and suspected coronavirus are taken. There they undergo a full cycle of diagnostic studies. This significantly reduces the burden on hospitals.

Helping Moscow doctors during a pandemic artificial intelligence came… It allows radiologists not to miss pathologies in a large stream of studies and to quickly determine the stages of development of pneumonia on computed tomography images of the lungs.

For Muscovites who suffer from mild coronavirus infection and are treated at home, opened a telemedicine center… Physicians around the clock can communicate with patients by video link or telephone, assess their condition, record vital signs and make recommendations. In addition, patients who are treated at home receive all the necessary medicines free of charge.

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Vaccination

Moscow became the first city in Russia where residents began to vaccinate against coronavirus. Today free vaccination accessible to everyone: 100 vaccination points are open in city polyclinics, and in the most popular places in the city mobile teams work

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.

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