MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
April 7, 2021, 18:52
The building was built at the end of the 19th century. The architect used different styles to create facades and interiors.
Department of cultural heritage approved the subject of protection of Berg’s mansion, which today houses the Italian Embassy. The building in Denezhny Pereulok has the status of a federal cultural heritage site.
Experts have determined what characteristics and elements of the mansion form its unique historical appearance.
“Berg’s house in Denezhny Pereulok is known both for its elegant architectural decoration and rich history. The architect Pyotr Boytsov harmoniously combined completely different stylistic phenomena in it, from Gothic and Baroque to Art Nouveau. The mansion’s interiors are distinguished by luxurious ceilings, wood paneling, carved Gothic portals, stately arches and many other details. It took the experts a long time to describe in detail all the elements that were eventually added to the subject of protection, “- said the head of the Moscow City Heritage Site
The mansion was built at the end of the 19th century by the architect Pyotr Boytsov for the textile industrialist and millionaire Sergei Berg. He acquired the property from the famous writer, owner of the richest library Mikhail Zagoskin.
Berg’s house was one of the first buildings to receive electricity and a doorbell. On the occasion of the Bergov housewarming party, an electric ball was held, at which the Moscow ladies were unpleasantly surprised. The guests’ makeup was designed to be lit by gas burners and looked unpresentable in the bright light of the lamps.
Also in this building, on July 6, 1918, in the red living room, the German ambassador, Count Wilhelm von Mirbach, was assassinated. According to the official version, the crime was committed by the Left SRs in order to provoke the German army against the Bolsheviks.
Today, the Italian Embassy hosts arts evenings, music concerts and art exhibitions at the mansion.
The subject of protection of the Berg mansion included all the significant details of the architectural monument, such as the location and town-planning characteristics, the roof, the arrangement and decoration of windows and doors, columns, pilasters, cornices, friezes with a floral pattern, sandriks (decorative elements above the windows), a pediment with a coat of arms on two Ionic columns and other decorative elements that adorn the facade.
Of the interior elements, experts noted the Monier vaults, the main staircase with a carved fence and lighting fixtures, a wooden vestibule of the main entrance, a marble colonnade in the front lobby, stucco walls and ceilings, pilasters, wooden wall panels with metal inserts, a wooden coffered ceiling of the dining room and living rooms, artistic inlaid parquet, marble flooring, grilles in doorways. Also important are the hall light, chandeliers, sconces, decorative paintings on ceilings, vaults, walls, desudeports (a panel located above the door), including a panel by the artist Klavdiy Stepanov.
The subject matter of protection included fireplaces with marble and wood trim with mirrors, a mirror in the lobby of the second floor, framed floor mirrors in the grand hall, built-in bookcases, wardrobe panels in the lobby. In addition, 19th century metal objects were recognized as important elements, namely the lantern and brackets in the entrance portal on the eastern façade of the building.
Alexey Emelyanov noted that the subject of protection is important information about the object of cultural heritage. Experts conduct a variety of studies to determine which elements shape its historical appearance. When developing projects for the restoration and overhaul of the building, specialists will focus on preserving the historical appearance of the monument.
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EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.