MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
The plans include the construction of a new clinic, a community center and the implementation of a renovation program.
The Leningradskoye Highway crosses the Voikovsky District from north to south and divides it into two parts, and from west to east the area is pierced by the paths of the Moscow Central Circle (MCC). This conventional cross – the intersection of railways and roads – even found its reflection on the Voykovsky coat of arms. Read more about its history and how it is developing today in this mos.ru article.
The development of the Voykovsky district in the 20th century is closely connected with the largest enterprise of its time – the iron foundry, founded by the Kerting brothers in 1898. Built along the Petersburg highway (today there is a large shopping center in its place), it produced heating devices for central heating. After the revolution, the enterprise was nationalized and renamed the Moscow Heating Appliance Plant. By the 1930s, the plant was named after the party leader Pyotr Voikov. He gave the name first to the village that grew up near the factory (Voikovets), and later to the district.
“After the Great Patriotic War, the reconstruction of the area and mass housing development with multi-storey brick buildings begins. During these years, a new residential quarter appeared in 1st Voikovsky Proezd, and high-rise buildings with elegant decor appeared near Leningradsky Prospekt and in 1st Novopodmoskovny Lane, which became the decoration of the area. The last houses of summer cottages around Pokrovsky-Streshnev and wooden barracks are disappearing. In the 1970s, new housing construction began on the site of a dilapidated housing stock, ”says Denis Romodin, local historian and senior researcher at the Museum of Moscow.
Today, Voikovsky’s old housing stock is being updated: according to the renovation program, 33 houses with an area of 92.7 thousand square meters will be settled, in which 5.9 thousand people live. As part of the first stage of resettlement, already built and put into operation building 5a on Narvskaya Street – now the first tenants are moving into the new building.
In the district, much attention is paid to social infrastructure: six schools have been opened, as well as an adult, children’s and dental clinic. Children’s technopark works on Narvskaya street “Engineering” Moscow State Technical University named after N.E. Bauman. The modern platform allows children to study in scientific laboratories dedicated to underwater robotics, spacecraft and Arctic composite materials. Also, the building of the library number 21 and the regional center of social services for the population were repaired.
A new flagship center has been operating in the district since the beginning of April. “My documents”… It has an unusual interior layout – it resembles a double-decked ship, so nautical motifs were chosen to decorate public areas.
Residents of the Northern District can get here the whole range of government services, as well as issue a driver’s license and register a car. In addition, additional services work in the flagship. For example, you can visit the My Travels travel agency and My Photo photo studio, spend time in the My Cafe catering and recreation area. In the medical office “My Health”, those who wish can undergo an initial diagnosis of their health status, as well as make vaccination from COVID-19.
By the way, in 2022 another important social facility will open in the Voykovsky district. Construction of a children’s clinic for 320 visits per shift has begun on Golovinskoye Highway. Children’s city polyclinic № 133 will move to the new building. The three-storey building will have a filter box for preliminary examination of children and a pediatric department. The clinic will be equipped with modern equipment, furniture for people with disabilities will be installed. The institution will correspond to the new Moscow standard of polyclinics…
From the defense of Moscow to the triumph of Victory
The history of the Voikovsky district is closely connected with the Great Patriotic War – Soviet soldiers went along the Leningradskoye Highway to defend Moscow in the fall of 1941. Place names also remind of this, for example, Zoya and Alexander Kosmodemyanskikh Street and Victory Bridge.
By the way, the bridge became one of the first Moscow monuments dedicated to the Victory. It began to be erected during the war. In 1943, when there was a significant turning point in the fighting in favor of the Soviet Union, it was decided to decorate the overpass with the sculptural composition “Victory Triumph”. The composition, an object of cultural heritage of regional significance, includes statues of a man and a woman standing on both sides of the highway, as well as two decorative pedestals “Glory to Russian Weapons”.
Initially, the overpass had only two lanes in each direction. In 1960-1961, the bridge was significantly reconstructed, and the original sculptural design underwent changes. The carriageway of the bridge was expanded to four lanes in each direction. In 2013, a complex of restoration work was carried out on the sculptural decoration of the Victory Bridge.
Another reminder of the events of the 1940s can be found in the Vorovsky Park – the monument to the Fallen and Alive, which is also simply called Victory. The sculpture of the goddess Nike was installed here in 1995.
The Vorovsky park itself has a more ancient history – before the revolution it was a garden at the hospital. Its building has survived – the Voykovsky children’s and youth center is located there. Today the park is recognized as a work of landscape architecture and landscape gardening and is protected by law. In 2012, in the park near the “Warsaw” cinema (another name for the park), a comprehensive improvement was carried out: playgrounds were equipped, paths, lighting systems were updated and fences were replaced.
On the western border of Voykovsky, there is one of the most picturesque parks in the capital – Pokrovskoe-Streshnevo (the park is partly within the boundaries of the district, and this is where locals often go for a walk). On the territory of the former estate with an area of more than 220 hectares, buildings of the 19th century and a church of the 18th century have been preserved. In the coming years, the Pokrovskoe-Streshnevo park will be transformed. There, for example, they will equip a modern beach with sports areas.
A new place of attraction will appear for residents by 2023 – on the site of the former cinema “Warsaw”, after a comprehensive reconstruction, a district community center will open. The brick walls of the historic building will be preserved, the facade will be faced with hinged ceramic panels with built-in lighting. The renewed “Warsaw” will become a gastronomic center, where culinary master classes will be held and a farmer’s market will operate.
From the road to Tver to modern transport hubs
Whatever the past was kept by the Voikovsky parks, the most historically rich object of the district remains its main transport artery – the Leningradskoye Highway. Back in the 15th-17th centuries, a trade road to Tver passed through the future Voikovsky, it was used by merchants who drove cattle and carts with goods. In the 18th century, it became known as the St. Petersburg road, linking the two main cities of the country (it was then that Peter I moved the capital from Moscow to St. Petersburg). The highway did not lose its leading role in the life of the district many years later.
Voykovsky’s transport infrastructure is not limited to one highway. The Voykovskaya metro station and the Baltic MCC station are located in the central part of the district. On the southwestern border of the district is the station MCD-2 Streshnevo, which became part of the transport interchange hub (TPU) “Streshnevo”. Now from the railway platform to the eponymous MCC stations can be reached in a couple of minutes.
During the improvement of the territory adjacent to the TPU “Streshnevo”, the wishes of local residents were taken into account. The wires were removed underground, the sidewalks were tidied up and paved with tiles, modern lanterns with energy-saving lamps, benches and waste bins were installed. In addition, they laid out a lawn and planted trees and bushes.
Also, the residents of the Voykovsky district have a popular tram, which has been running here since 1935. The tram tracks are still closed for repairs, which should be completed very soon. Movement resumed on April 16 trams No. 30 and 31 (to the Voykovskaya metro station). The rest of the routes are planned to be restored by May 10.
In addition, this year the Krasnopresnenskoye depot will receive 59 new cars – 19 three-section and 40 single-section. They will follow the routes of the north-west and north of Moscow, including the Voikovsky district. The first Vityaz-Moscow cars of the new delivery have already entered the line.
From cast iron to microbiology
Industry also speaks of the region’s rich historical heritage. Back in the 20th century, there were many enterprises on this territory: the iron foundry of the Russian Society of Kerting brothers, or the Voikov plant, a powder metallurgy plant and a grinding tools plant were located here.
Today, Voikovsky has nearly three dozen manufacturing enterprises and eight research institutes. Among them is the Moscow Machine-Building Plant “Avangard”, which was created in 1942 for the production of aircraft engines for the U-2 aircraft. In production, rockets are assembled for the famous anti-aircraft missile systems. And at the Moscow Research Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology named after G.N. Gabrichevsky developed several years ago effective method of treatment serious infections without the participation of antibiotics – instead of them, bacteriophage viruses do the work.
Also on the territory of Voykovsky district there is a technopark “Water Stadium”. His specialization is IT and information security, and the international company Kaspersky Lab has become an anchor resident. Technopark sites with modern production and office premises provide opportunities for development for leading companies, and the Moscow Government supports residents with tax incentives, subsidies and grants.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.