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April 20, 2021 12:50 pm

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Photo by M. Denisov.

We are talking about the construction of the Big Circle Metro Line, as well as the renewal of the bus fleet of the capital.

The Moscow government has approved the concept of green bonds. The corresponding order was signed Sergei Sobyanin.

The document complies with the Green Bond Principles 2018 of the International Capital Market Association (ICMA), as well as guidelines for the development of investment activities in the field of green finance in the Russian Federation, developed by VEB.RF.

Currently, the Moscow Exchange is considering the possibility of changing the listing rules, which would allow green bonds of Russian regions and municipalities to circulate in the sustainable development sector. After these rules change, Moscow’s green bonds will be able to be purchased by investors interested in environmentally responsible allocation of their funds.

The Moscow Government will use the equivalent of the funds received from the placement of green bonds to finance and refinance urban environmental projects. They are aimed at reducing emissions of pollutants from vehicles.

According to the concept of green bonds, in 2021–2023, projects will be financed to renew the bus fleet in Moscow, as well as the construction of the Big Circle Metro Line (BCL).

Purchase of electric buses

Emissions of pollutants from one Euro-4 bus amount to 290.5 kilograms per year, and of the Euro-5 environmental class – 219 kilograms per year. At the same time, indirect emissions of pollutants resulting from the generation of electricity to recharge one electric bus are only about 30 kilograms per year. Diesel bus carbon dioxide emissions are estimated at 64.9 tons per year on average, electric bus emissions – 4.4 tons per year.

Thus, replacing one diesel bus with an electric bus provides:

– reduction of pollutant emissions by 260.5 kilograms per year for the Euro-4 class and by 189 kilograms per year for the Euro-5 class;

– reduction of carbon dioxide emissions by an average of 60.5 tons per year.

Today there are about 600 electric buses in the city, more than 100 charging stations are installed. The plans for 2021–2023 include the purchase of about 1,675 electric buses.

70 kilometers with 31 stations: the largest metro project

The construction of the Big Circle Line of the Moscow Metro is the world’s largest metro construction project. The BCL will be 70 kilometers long. These are 31 stations with three electric depots (including the existing section “Kakhovskaya” – “Kashirskaya”). At the moment, the overall construction readiness of the ring is 74 percent, including 95 percent of the tunnels completed.

According to the concept of green bonds, the funds raised in 2021–2023 are planned to be used to finance the construction of 18 stations and 43.8 kilometers of lines, as well as the reconstruction of three stations and four kilometers of BCL lines.


Length of lines


North-East section

7.2 kilometers

“Maryina Roshcha”, “Rizhskaya”, “Sokolniki”

Eastern section

11.4 kilometers

“Tekstilshchiki”, “Pechatniki”, “Nagatinsky Zaton”, “Maple Boulevard”

“Prospect Vernadsky” – “Kuntsevskaya”

9.2 kilometers

“Prospekt Vernadsky”, “Michurinsky Prospect”, “Aminevskaya”, “Davydkovo”

Southern section (including reconstruction of the Kashirskaya – Kakhovskaya section)

11 kilometers

Zyuzino, Vorontsovskaya (Kaluzhskaya), Novatorskaya, Kashirskaya, Varshavskaya, Kakhovskaya

Western section

Nine kilometers

“People’s Militia”, “Mnevniki”, “Terekhovo”, “Kuntsevskaya”

According to estimates, thanks to the opening of traffic on these sections of the BCL in 2023, at least 10 thousand cars will stop going to the city streets every day, which will lead to a decrease in emissions of pollutants by 885.5 tons per year, and carbon dioxide – by 20.9 thousand tons. in year.

The project for the construction of BKL lines and stations includes measures aimed at reducing the negative impact on the environment. Among them are a responsible attitude to the cleanliness of the atmospheric air, reduction of noise impact and other physical factors, protection of groundwater, as well as the secondary circulation of waste generated during construction.

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.

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