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On April 16, the UN Security Council unanimously adopted Resolution 2570, expanding, in response to a request from the Libyan parties, the mandate of the United Nations Support Mission for Libya (UNSMIL) to monitor the ceasefire in that country.

The Council calls on all Libyan parties to comply, and UN member states to respect and facilitate the implementation of the relevant Inter-Libyan Agreement of 23 October 2020. UNSMIL is tasked with helping to achieve a cessation of hostilities and supporting the implementation of such a regime by the Libyan parties themselves, who are ultimately responsible for the implementation of all aspects of the agreement. The resolution approves the proposals of the UN Secretary General on the composition, phased deployment and aspects of the operational work of the observation component of the Mission, not exceeding 60 unarmed people and assisting the work of the Libyan-led and self-guided mechanism for monitoring compliance with the cessation of hostilities regime.

From the very beginning, we have advocated the need for the most clear and precise formulation of the mandate of the UN observers, which is limited, as the Libyans themselves requested, solely to the observance of the ceasefire regime. We emphasized that all the parameters of such monitoring should be acceptable to the Libyan parties playing a leading role in this process. We proceeded from the fact that the task of UNSMIL to monitor the implementation of all aspects of the inter-Libyan ceasefire agreement of 23 October 2020 cannot and should not be included. It is important that this point of view was shared by other members of the UN Security Council.

In addition, the resolution welcomed the formation of the Interim Presidential Council and the Interim Government of National Unity and called on the latter to prepare and conduct free, fair and non-discriminatory nationwide presidential and parliamentary elections on December 24, 2021, as envisaged in the Libyan Political Dialogue Forum’s roadmap.

We will continue to actively assist the friendly people of Libya in the early and sustainable overcoming of the deep internal political crisis caused by the destruction of Libyan statehood as a result of illegal external interference, on the basis of achieving national consensus and taking into account the fundamental interests of all components of Libyan society.

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.

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