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The House of Officers of the Samara Garrison held military-patriotic actions with visits to the artillery brigade in the Orenburg region and the command brigade of the 2nd combined arms army of the Central Military District in the Samara region, dedicated to the 800th anniversary of the Russian commander Alexander Nevsky.

The state ensemble “Volga Cossacks” performed a musical and literary composition in the concert halls of military units for servicemen. Also, the officers of the House of Officers showed a documentary film of their own production “Alexander Nevsky”, which reflected the life and military path of the legendary commander.

Outstanding statesman and commander Alexander Nevsky was born on May 13, 1221 in Pereyaslavl-Zalessky. He was the direct heir of the great Kiev princes, Vladimir, the Baptist of Russia and Yaroslav the Wise, among his famous ancestors Yuri Dolgoruky and Vsevolod the Big Nest.

He headed the struggle of the Russian people against the German-Swedish conquerors, who, taking advantage of the weakening of Russia after the invasion of the troops of the Mongol Empire, sought to seize its northwestern lands and deprive it of access to the Baltic Sea.

At the beginning of the XIII century. German and Scandinavian (Swedes and Danes) feudal lords, who were supported by the Roman Catholic Church, under the pretext of baptizing pagans began active expansion in the Baltic. In 1201, the German fortress Riga was built at the mouth of the Western Dvina. In 1202, expanding their domains, they founded the Order of the Swordsmen. Gradually, the conquerors managed to form an army of 20 thousand people. Its core was made up of knights. The first major clash between Russia and the Order of the Swordsmen took place in 1224, when the Germans besieged and captured Yuriev from Novgorod Rus and renamed it Derpt. In addition, raids of the sword-bearers began on the Pskov and Novgorod lands. In 1226 the Teutonic Order settled on the territory of East Prussia.

In response to the raids of the sword-bearers, the Russian army (Novgorodians, Pskovians and Pereslavtsy) in 1233 under the banner of Prince Yaroslav Vsevolodovich moved to Dorpat. In a fierce battle, where the young prince Alexander Yaroslavich participated for the first time, it won a victory and forced the Germans to retreat to the ice of the river. Embach. The thin ice could not stand it, and many of the knights drowned. The Germans asked for peace and pledged to pay tribute to the Novgorod prince.

On May 12, 1237, Pope Gregory IX approved the unification of the Teutonic and Livonian orders. By the middle of the XIII century, with the active participation of Catholic Rome, between the three feudal-Catholic forces of northeastern Europe – the Teutonic (German) order, the Danes and the Swedes – an agreement was reached on a joint action against Novgorod Rus in order to conquer the northwestern Russian lands and the planting of Catholicism there. According to the papal curia, after the “Batu ruin”, the bloodless and plundered Russia could not offer any resistance. This was the main motive for the joint performance of the Swedes, Teutons and Danes. German and Danish knights were to strike at Novgorod from land from the Livonian possessions, and the Swedes were going to support them from the sea through the Gulf of Finland. On the eve of his campaign, for a personal acquaintance with the Novgorod warrior-prince Alexander, and at the same time with the aim of scouting the territory and the situation, the German knight “God’s servant Andriash” (Andreas von Velven, Vice-Master of the Livonian Order) visited Veliky Novgorod.

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EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.

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