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April 27, 2021 09:02 am

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Photo by M. Denisov.

The building was built for the 300th anniversary of the Romanovs’ house in 1912.

This year it is planned to renovate the facade of the building located at Arbat Street, house 18/1, building 2. The four-storey building in the Russian style was erected in 1912 by the project of the architect Leonid Stezhensky. It was timed to coincide with the 300th anniversary of the Romanov dynasty. Initially, the building belonged to the Church of St. Nicholas the Wonderworker.

In the southern part there was a hall of public meetings, a library, an almshouse and the school of the Brotherhood of St. Nicholas. The second floor housed two classrooms of the parish school. The semi-basement was set aside for the dining room, storerooms, servants’ rooms.

At the next entrance, the second and third floors were occupied by priests, and the fourth by a deacon. The rest of the apartments were rented out. Most of them were five-room apartments with wood-burning stoves in the kitchens.

They entered the public part of the building through the southern extension from the Arbat side. The entrance resembled old Russian church doors. A four-sided tent towered over the annex. Under it was a complex composition of a large kokoshnik, into which three smaller ones were inscribed. In the center there is an icon case with an icon. The tent was completed by a weather vane with the coat of arms of the Romanovs.


How historic houses are restored

The best way to preserve a building is to renovate it regularly. On average, in a quarter of a century, each of them needs major repairs, so almost all Moscow houses are included in the regional capital repair program. There are few exceptions: houses for demolition, reconstruction included in the renovation program, as well as houses with fewer than three apartments.

In the houses-monuments, the specialists of contracting organizations of the capital repair fund of the capital give a second life to facades and foundations, basements and roofs, as well as change engineering communications and carry out a comprehensive overhaul of the entrance. The restoration of such a house does not always take longer than the repair of an ordinary high-rise building. For example, it takes the same time to change pipes and communications. But some of the works, which are typical for memorial houses, require a special approach. First of all, this concerns the renovation of the historical facade, especially if there are many decorative elements on it.

When forming the capital’s overhaul program, the age of residential buildings, lifespan of elevators, years of reconstruction and previous overhaul, the state of internal engineering systems and the need for renovation were taken into account. Based on these data, the engineering systems of Moscow high-rise buildings were distributed over “capital three-year plans.” One year before the work is carried out, apartment owners receive notifications about the overhaul, including proposals for the scope of work. Thanks to the convenient digital service you can even see the list of systems with the distribution by the proposed overhaul years from your own smartphone.

After receiving notification of the upcoming overhaul, the owners must hold a general meeting to determine the timing and scope of work.

Overhaul in a memorial apartment building is a complex process. Such renovation requires a delicate balance between the technical requirements for modern buildings and the preservation of the uniqueness of the object. For example, plastic windows cannot be installed in a memorial house or the historically inherent color must not be changed.

The method and technologies for repairing a monument house are defined in the design and estimate documentation, which undergoes state expertise and is agreed with the city Department of Cultural Heritagethat provides supervision.

Based on the results of competitive procedures, a contractor is determined from among those licensed by the Ministry of Culture of Russia, which will have to perform work as part of the overhaul. After the conclusion of the contract, the contractor receives permission to start.

The general repair scheme is not applied at cultural heritage sites. Builders always use customized solutions. To preserve the historical appearance, strict control is carried out throughout the entire process. Interestingly, the supervision of the renovation is twofold: from both the Overhaul Fund and the Department of Cultural Heritage.

“The overhaul program includes more than 350 memorial houses. Their repair imposes special obligations, including work in accordance with Federal Law No. 73 “On cultural heritage sites (historical and cultural monuments) of the peoples of the Russian Federation”, – said the press service

Fund for capital repairs of Moscow.

The terms and types of work under the overhaul program are specified by the short-term plan. There are 4,437 houses in the plan for 2021–2023. This is part of a large-scale regional overhaul program… All construction and installation work is carried out in strict accordance with building standards, including city rules for maintaining silence.

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.

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