MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
April 29, 2021 09:04 am
The buildings on Lyusinovskaya Street are part of the ensemble of residential buildings for workers at the Goznak factory.
In 2021 Overhaul Fund apartment buildings in the city of Moscow planned to update the facades of historic buildings at the addresses: Lyusinovskaya street, house 64 and house 66, building 1, included in the ensemble of residential buildings for workers of the factory “Goznak”. The work will take place within regional program overhaul.
A quarter in the spirit of the Soviet avant-garde
After the transfer of the capital from Petrograd to Moscow, the movement of various state services began, in particular, those related to the production of banknotes and coins. In 1919, the services of “Goznak” were located in the area of Mytnaya and Lyusinovskaya streets, which made it necessary to arrange a residential area for the factory workers to live.
The quarter, consisting of twelve factory buildings, was built in 1926-1927 according to the project of architects M. Pevzner, N.A. Alekseeva in the spirit of the Soviet avant-garde. It is one of the first areas of mass constructivist development in the 1920s. The construction was carried out simultaneously and quickly. All houses were originally four-storey, and later, in the 1930s, some of them were additionally built on two floors – the reconstruction was supervised by the architect N.M. Kurochkin.
One of these houses is brick-built, located at 64 Lyusinovskaya Street. It was built for the workers of the Goznak factory in 1926 by the project of architects N.M. Kurochkin and N.A. Alekseev, and in 1936 it was built up to six floors. The ceilings in the building reach three meters. The ensemble of residential buildings for workers of the Goznak factory also includes a house at 66 Lyusinovskaya Street, building 1, left four-story. The quarter is included in the list of identified cultural heritage sites.
How historic houses are restored
The best way to preserve a building is to renovate it regularly. On average, after a quarter of a century, each of them needs major repairs, so almost all Moscow houses are included in the regional capital repair program. There are few exceptions: houses for demolition, reconstruction included in the renovation program, as well as houses with fewer than three apartments.
In the houses-monuments, the specialists of contracting organizations of the capital repair fund of the capital give a second life to facades and foundations, basements and roofs, as well as change engineering communications and carry out a comprehensive overhaul of the entrance. The restoration of such a house does not always take longer than the repair of an ordinary high-rise building. For example, it takes the same time to change pipes and communications. But some works, which are typical for monumental houses, require a special approach. First of all, this concerns the renovation of the historical facade, especially if it has many decorative elements.
When forming the capital’s overhaul program, the age of residential buildings, lifespan of elevators, years of reconstruction and previous overhaul, the state of internal engineering systems and the need for renovation were taken into account. Based on these data, the engineering systems of Moscow high-rise buildings were distributed over three-year capital plans. A year before the work is carried out, apartment owners receive notifications about the overhaul, including proposals for the scope of work. Thanks to the convenient digital service you can even see the list of systems with the distribution by the proposed overhaul years from your own smartphone.
After receiving notification of the upcoming overhaul, the owners must hold a general meeting to determine the timing and scope of work.
Overhaul in a memorial apartment building is a complex process. Such renovation requires a delicate balance between the technical requirements for modern buildings and the preservation of the uniqueness of the object. For example, plastic windows cannot be installed in a memorial house or the historically inherent color must not be changed.
The method and technologies for repairing a monument house are defined in the design and estimate documentation, which undergoes state expertise and is agreed with the city Department of Cultural Heritagethat provides supervision.
Based on the results of competitive procedures, a contractor is determined from among those licensed by the Ministry of Culture of Russia, which will have to perform work as part of the overhaul. After the conclusion of the contract, the contractor receives permission to start.
The general repair scheme is not applied at cultural heritage sites. Builders always use customized solutions. To preserve the historical appearance, strict control is carried out throughout the entire process. The renovation is supervised by both the Overhaul Fund and the Department of Cultural Heritage.
“The overhaul program includes more than 350 memorial houses. Their repair imposes special obligations, including work in accordance with Federal Law No. 73 “On objects of cultural heritage (historical and cultural monuments) of the peoples of the Russian Federation,” “the press service said.
The terms and types of work under the overhaul program are specified by the short-term plan. There are 4,437 houses in the plan for 2021–2023. This is part of a large-scale regional overhaul program… All construction and installation work is carried out in strict accordance with building standards, including city rules for maintaining silence.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.