MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
The Moscow Main Archive showed documents of famous dancers, choreographers and teachers of the 20th century: Isadora Duncan, Stephanida Rudneva, Valentina Dulenko, Marina Olenina-Dragovich and Irina Charnotskaya and others.
At the beginning of the 20th century, seven students of the Bestuzhev courses, among whom was Stephanida Rudneva, founded the studio of the musical movement “Heptakhor”, which translates as “dance of the seven”. They were inspired by the ideas of the American dancer Isadora Duncan about the free and natural movement of a person as a way of expressing oneself. In addition to dancing, in the studio they were engaged in drawing with children, gave lectures on the history of motor culture, ancient mythology and art. The participants believed that in addition to plastic and musical education, intellectual enrichment of students is also necessary.
In the mid-1930s, free creative associations were banned and replaced by a state system of creative unions. In 1934, the Heptakhor studio was also closed. But its members began to teach the musical movement in children’s educational institutions and clubs. The traditions of this studio are still alive today – in Moscow there are studios and centers based on the system of musical and plastic education. Among them is Heptakhor, where the method of musical movement continues to be developed.
Also in the Glavarkhiv, manuscripts of Stefanida Rudneva’s articles on the methods of musical movement work, her memoirs, correspondence, documents on the work of the studio and documents of its participants have been preserved. In addition, the archive contains documents about the life and work of Isadora Duncan, the programs of her concerts, articles about her, letters and photographs.
Ballerina and choreographer Marina Olenina-Dragovich
The Main Archive keeps photographs of performances, programs and letters of the artist Marina Olenina-Dragovich. Since childhood, she was fond of dancing and studied at the Moscow Imperial Theater School (now the Moscow State Academy of Choreography). In the early 1920s, Olenina-Dragovic went to work in Yugoslavia at the National Theater in Belgrade, where she was invited as a ballet soloist. The dancer performed leading roles in the ballets Swan Lake and The Sleeping Beauty by Pyotr Tchaikovsky, Raymonda by Alexander Glazunov, Petrushka by Igor Stravinsky, as well as in ballets by Yugoslav composers Kreshimir Baranovich, Fran Lhotka and others. In 1945, Olenina-Dragovic was the director-choreographer of the first post-war performance on the stage of the National Theater in Belgrade. After that she worked as a choreographer in Prague and Paris.
Dancer and actress Valentina Dulenko
The Glavarchiv keeps the personal documents of the dancer Valentina Dulenko. Among them are versions of plays, scripts, documents of work on performances, articles, lectures and correspondence.
She was a soloist with the ballet troupe of the Ukrainian State Capital Opera. Here the dancer performed in the repertoire of classical and modern ballets. Since the mid-1930s, Valentina Dulenko has worked as a dramatic actress on the stages of leading Moscow theaters, taught and directed amateur theater groups. She also did a lot of social and military-patronage work as part of the cultural brigades.
Ballerina and teacher Irina Charnotskaya
Irina Charnotskaya graduated from the State Ballet School at the Bolshoi Theater (now the Moscow State Academy of Choreography), after which she was accepted into the troupe of the Bolshoi Theater. The young ballerina was immediately introduced to the performances of the main repertoire. During the war years, Irina Charnotskaya was the foreman of the Komsomol concert brigade, took part in concerts at recruiting centers and in hospitals, went to the front.
After finishing her ballerina career in 1948, Charnotskaya became the director of the ballet school of the Moscow Academic Musical Theater named after K.S. Stanislavsky and Vl. I. Nemirovich-Danchenko, taught dance at GITIS, was in charge of the choreographic department of the Moscow City House of Folk Art, led the team of classical dance at the Chkalov House of Culture. Among the artist’s documents, stored in the Glavarchiv, there are her articles on the aesthetic education of young people and the importance of dance in educational work, scenarios of dance holidays, official documents and photographs.
You can get acquainted with all the dancers’ documents in more detail at the Moscow Glavarchive at 82 Profsoyuznaya Street, building 1. It is open on Mondays from 09:30 to 16:30, on Tuesdays and Thursdays from 12:00 to 20:00, on Fridays from 09:30 to 15:00. Visitors are required to bring a mask and gloves.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.