MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
Photo by E. Samarin. Mos.ru
There is no general scheme of work for cultural heritage sites – specialists always use individual solutions.
In the Meshchansky district in 2021, the facade of a historic building will be repaired at the address: 2nd Troitsky lane, building 6. The work is being carried out within the framework of a large-scale regional overhaul programs.
It is in Troitsky Lane that the historical core of the Troitskaya Sloboda is located – the courtyard of the Trinity-Sergius Lavra and a four-story apartment building in the pseudo-Russian style. In 1915, it was built by the staff architect of the Lavra, Alexander Latkov. The building retains the character of local development, most of which was destroyed during the expansion of Samotechnaya Street and the construction of Olympic Avenue in the 1970s.
Residence of the Metropolitan and Patriarch
Trinity black settlement appeared in the 17th century and managed to go from a stone church to the metropolitan’s chambers. The settlement became the main bishop’s residence after the metropolitans were deprived of their home in the Kremlin near the Kremlin’s Spasskaya Tower, which was rebuilt into the Small Nikolaevsky Palace.
In the 1870s, the rebuilt settlement was given a pseudo-Russian look in the spirit of Moscow architecture of the 17th century. At this time, the courtyard was actively expanding: buildings were being built, a new dome and a belfry appeared.
After the revolution, the chambers of the Moscow metropolitans became the patriarchal residence – Patriarch Tikhon lived here until 1922. But already in the 1930s, the buildings were given to civilian use, and the four floors of the architect Alexander Latkov were added with two more – already without decorations and frills, and after the war, elevators were made outside.
In the 1980s, the western building of the courtyard was demolished, and the rest of the buildings have come down to us in varying degrees of preservation. Nevertheless, in the 1990s, the surviving buildings returned to the Church, and thanks to the large-scale restoration work carried out in the 2000s, the chambers and the house church of Sergius of Radonezh acquired a historical look.
How historic houses are restored
The best way to preserve a building is to renovate it regularly. On average, after a quarter of a century, each of them needs major repairs, so almost all Moscow houses are included in the regional capital repair program. There are few exceptions: houses for demolition, reconstruction included in the renovation program, as well as houses with fewer than three apartments.
In the houses-monuments, the specialists of contracting organizations of the capital repair fund of the capital give a second life to facades and foundations, basements and roofs, as well as change engineering communications and carry out a comprehensive overhaul of the entrance. The restoration of such a house does not always take longer than the repair of an ordinary high-rise building. For example, it takes the same time to change pipes and communications. But some of the works, which are typical for memorial houses, require a special approach. First of all, this concerns the renovation of the historical facade, especially if there are many decorative elements on it.
When forming the capital’s overhaul program, the age of residential buildings, lifespan of elevators, years of reconstruction and previous overhaul, the state of internal engineering systems and the need for renovation were taken into account. Based on these data, the engineering systems of Moscow high-rise buildings were distributed over three-year capital plans. One year before the work is carried out, apartment owners receive notifications about the overhaul, including proposals for the scope of work. Thanks to the convenient digital service you can even see the list of systems with the distribution by the proposed overhaul years from your own smartphone.
After receiving notification of the upcoming overhaul, the owners must hold a general meeting to determine the timing and scope of work.
Overhaul in a memorial apartment building is a complex process. Such renovation requires a delicate balance between the technical requirements for modern buildings and the preservation of the uniqueness of the object. For example, plastic windows cannot be installed in a memorial house or the historically inherent color must not be changed.
The method and technologies for repairing a monument house are defined in the design and estimate documentation, which undergoes state expertise and is agreed with the city Department of Cultural HeritageThat provides supervision.
Based on the results of competitive procedures, a contractor is determined from among those licensed by the Ministry of Culture of Russia, which will have to perform work as part of the overhaul.
The general repair scheme is not applied at cultural heritage sites. Builders always use customized solutions. To preserve the historical appearance, strict control is carried out throughout the entire process. The renovation is supervised by both the Overhaul Fund and the Department of Cultural Heritage.
“The overhaul program includes more than 350 memorial houses. Their repair imposes special obligations, including work in accordance with Federal Law No. 73 “On objects of cultural heritage (historical and cultural monuments) of the peoples of the Russian Federation,” “the press service said.
The terms and types of work under the overhaul program are specified by the short-term plan. There are 4,437 houses in the plan for 2021–2023. This is part of a large-scale regional overhaul programs… All construction and installation work is carried out in strict accordance with building standards, including city rules for maintaining silence.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.