MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
Photo by M. Denisov. Mos.ru
Since 1780, the house was located on the territory of the estate of T.F. Eminsky.
The facade of an old house on Pokrovka Street (house 14/2, building 1) will be renovated this year. The work will be carried out within regional overhaul program.
The three-storey brick house at the corner of Pokrovka Street and Pokrovsky Boulevard was built at the end of the 18th century. The probable author of the project is considered to be a student of the Moscow architect Matvey Kazakov.
Two centuries of antiquity and new architectural solutions
Since 1780, the building was located on the territory of the estate of T.F. Eminsky. In 1806, the widowed Natalya Eminskaya sold the estate to A.G. Verevkina, and in the middle of the 19th century it was acquired by the pharmacist A.K. Minder. He owned the estate together with his heirs until 1907, and then sold the estate to the Olovyanishnikov breeders, who kept shops for church utensils in Moscow.
The house survived the fire of 1812 without serious damage, but over time it inexorably depersonalized. The new owners rebuilt the building based on their preferences and tastes. A partial third floor without windows appeared over the high part of its roof, and the main entrance from Pokrovka was made in the center of the house. In addition, all decorations have disappeared from the facade. They were perceived by the owners as archaic and unfashionable. In 1914, the house was owned by Yepraksinya Olovyanishnikova.
Overhaul: keeping history
The best way to maintain a building is to renovate it regularly. On average, after a quarter of a century, each of them needs major repairs, so almost all Moscow houses are included in the regional capital repair program. There are few exceptions: houses for demolition, reconstruction included in the renovation program, as well as houses with fewer than three apartments.
In the houses-monuments, the specialists of contracting organizations of the capital repair fund of the capital give a second life to facades and foundations, basements and roofs, as well as change engineering communications and carry out a comprehensive overhaul of the entrance. The restoration of such a house does not always take longer than the repair of an ordinary high-rise building. For example, it takes the same time to change pipes and communications. But some of the works, which are typical for memorial houses, require a special approach. First of all, this concerns the renovation of the historical facade, especially if there are many decorative elements on it.
When forming the capital’s overhaul program, the age of residential buildings, lifespan of elevators, years of reconstruction and previous overhaul, the state of internal engineering systems and the need for renovation were taken into account. Based on these data, the engineering systems of Moscow high-rise buildings were distributed over three-year capital plans. A year before the work is carried out, apartment owners receive notifications about the overhaul, including proposals for the scope of work. Thanks to the convenient digital serviceyou can even see a list of systems with distribution by proposed overhaul years from your own smartphone.
After receiving notification of the upcoming overhaul, the owners must hold a general meeting to determine the timing and scope of work.
Overhaul in a memorial apartment building is a complex process. Such renovation requires a delicate balance between the technical requirements for modern buildings and the preservation of the uniqueness of the object. For example, plastic windows cannot be installed in a memorial house or the historically inherent color must not be changed.
The method and technologies for repairing a monument house are defined in the design and estimate documentation, which undergoes state expertise and is agreed with the city Department of Cultural HeritageThat provides supervision.
Based on the results of competitive procedures, a contractor is determined from among those licensed by the Ministry of Culture of Russia, which will have to perform work as part of the overhaul.
The general repair scheme is not applied at cultural heritage sites. Builders always use customized solutions. To preserve the historical appearance, strict control is carried out throughout the entire process. The renovation is supervised by both the Overhaul Fund and the Department of Cultural Heritage.
“The overhaul program includes more than 350 memorial houses. Their repair imposes special obligations, including work in accordance with Federal Law No. 73 “On objects of cultural heritage (historical and cultural monuments) of the peoples of the Russian Federation,” “the press service said.
The terms and types of work under the overhaul program are specified by the short-term plan. There are 4,437 houses in the plan for 2021–2023. This is part large-scale regional overhaul program… All construction and installation work is carried out in strict accordance with building standards, including city rules for maintaining silence.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.