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Miracle with birds. The beginning of the XX century. Main Archive of Moscow

For centuries, the Monk Sergei of Radonezh was considered one of the key figures in the Russian Orthodox Church and Russian history.

On the occasion of the birthday of Sergius of Radonezh, the Main Archive presented materials dedicated to the life of the saint. These are documents about the activities of the brotherhood of St. Sergius, photographs of festive events on the territory of the Trinity-Sergius Lavra, as well as materials about churches in the name of St. Sergius of Radonezh in Moscow.

For centuries, the Monk Sergei of Radonezh was one of the key figures in the Russian Orthodox Church and Russian history. He played a significant role in the unification of the Russian principalities in the struggle against the Horde yoke.

By the beginning of the XIV century, the fragmentation of the ancient Russian principalities had reached its limit. Many Russian princes depended on the Golden Horde and competed for the khan’s charter for the great reign. Sergius of Radonezh became the spiritual leader of the resistance to the conquerors.

Over time, a monastic brotherhood was formed around the Monk Sergius. The archival department stores documents on the charitable activities of the brotherhood, which subsequently provided, among other things, material support to needy teachers, students and graduates of the Moscow Theological Academy.

The funds of the Glavarkhiv also contain images of the Trinity-Sergius Lavra of the early 20th century, which the priest and encyclopedist Pavel Florensky called “the heart of Russia.” According to legend, it was here in 1380 that he blessed the army of Dmitry Donskoy for the battle with Mamai on the Kulikovo field. This victory marked the beginning of the liberation of the Russian lands from the Horde yoke.

The Main Archive of the capital has lithographs depicting the miracles of Sergius of Radonezh. One of them was a vision of birds. Many birds symbolized the disciples of Sergius, scattered across Russia, as well as the monasteries founded by him, which became strongholds of faith, enlightenment and patriotism for people.

More details about archival documents associated with the name of Sergius of Radonezh can be found by visiting the virtual exhibition “Star not setting”

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.

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