MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
Photo by Y. Ivanko. Mos.ru
The building was erected in 1842, and in the 1890s the new owner significantly rebuilt it.
This year Overhaul Fund of apartment buildings in the city of Moscow (the Overhaul Fund) has planned to renovate the facade of a historic building at 42/2 Ostozhenka Street. This is one of the oldest mansions in Moscow, built by the architect Nikolai Strukov in 1842 on the territory of Zemlyanoy Gorod.
In 1844, Princess Zoya Volkonskaya was listed as the mistress of the house. In 1891, it passed to Maria Golubitskaya, who significantly rebuilt it. Interestingly, Maria’s husband was a well-known rabbit breeder and editor of the “Bulletin of rabbit breeding” magazine.
What was the original building
The building on Ostozhenka is a corner house built in the Empire style, with the facade architecture traditional for that time. Its corners were made in the form of wide pilasters, the windows had frame platbands. The facade ended with a stone parapet. From the side of the courtyard there was a mezzanine and a mezzanine. The main staircase and the back staircase were located on one axis in the center of the building. Maria Golubitskaya painted the foundation dark brown, and the main part of the house a warm milky one.
The first floor of the building was occupied by trade establishments and offices. The second was a seven-room apartment in which Golubitskaya lived, and several more rooms with furniture, as well as a shop owned by the owner (later it was converted into an apartment for rent). The third floor was fully occupied by furnished rooms.
The layout of the apartments in the building is typical of the early 20th century – a longitudinal corridor with rooms on both sides. The richest was the apartment in the corner on the second floor. This is evidenced by the preserved stucco decoration of the ceilings, parquet flooring, skillfully made doors.
The building looks like an Empire style mansion nearby. In 1892, a stone arch was erected between these houses at the level of the second floor, under which there was a passage to the courtyard. In 1897, a third floor was built over it.
How is the overhaul of cultural heritage sites going?
The best way to maintain a building is to renovate it regularly. On average, after a quarter of a century, each of them needs major repairs, so almost all Moscow houses are included in the regional capital repair program. There are few exceptions: houses for demolition, reconstruction included in the renovation program, as well as houses with fewer than three apartments.
In the houses-monuments, the specialists of contracting organizations of the capital repair fund of the capital give a second life to facades and foundations, basements and roofs, as well as change engineering communications and carry out a comprehensive overhaul of the entrance. The restoration of such a house does not always take longer than the repair of an ordinary high-rise building. For example, it takes the same time to change pipes and communications. However, some works, which are typical for memorial houses, require a special approach. First of all, this concerns the renovation of the historical facade, especially if there are many decorative elements on it.
When forming the capital’s overhaul program, the age of residential buildings, lifespan of elevators, years of reconstruction and previous overhaul, the state of internal engineering systems and the need for renovation were taken into account. Based on these data, the engineering systems of Moscow high-rise buildings were distributed over three-year capital plans. A year before the work is carried out, apartment owners receive notifications about the overhaul, including proposals for the scope of work. Thanks to the convenient digital service you can even see the list of systems with the distribution by the proposed overhaul years from your own smartphone.
After receiving notification of the upcoming overhaul, the owners must hold a general meeting to determine the timing and scope of work.
Overhaul in a memorial apartment building is a complex process. Such renovation requires a delicate balance between the technical requirements for modern buildings and the preservation of the uniqueness of the object. For example, plastic windows cannot be installed in a memorial house or the historically inherent color must not be changed.
The method and technologies for repairing a monument house are defined in the design and estimate documentation, which undergoes state expertise and is agreed with the city Department of Cultural HeritageThat provides supervision.
Based on the results of competitive procedures, a contractor is determined from among those licensed by the Ministry of Culture of Russia, which will have to perform work as part of the overhaul.
The general repair scheme is not applied at cultural heritage sites. Builders always use customized solutions. To preserve the historical appearance, strict control is carried out throughout the entire process. The renovation is supervised by both the Overhaul Fund and the Department of Cultural Heritage.
“The overhaul program includes more than 350 memorial houses. Their repair imposes special obligations, including work in accordance with Federal Law No. 73 “On objects of cultural heritage (historical and cultural monuments) of the peoples of the Russian Federation”, – said the press service
The terms and types of work under the overhaul program are specified by the short-term plan. There are 4,437 houses in the plan for 2021–2023. This is part of a large-scale regional overhaul programs… All construction and installation work is carried out in strict accordance with building standards, including city rules for maintaining silence.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.