MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
Nikolai Platonovich, the Security Council of the Russian Federation has just approved and submitted to the President for approval a new version of the National Security Strategy of the Russian Federation. Is such a sudden decision to update this most important strategic document related to increased instability in the world and new threats to Russia?
Nikolai Patrushev: I will correct you. The decision is by no means a sudden one. According to the federal law on strategic planning, the National Security Strategy must be updated every six years. The preparation of the draft document took about a year. The working group included representatives of ministries and departments, academia and the public.
The previous version of the Strategy was adopted on December 31, 2015. Its implementation contributed to the preservation of internal stability in society, the build-up of the economic, political, military and spiritual potential of Russia. Reliable protection against military dangers and military threats is provided. The tasks of ensuring territorial integrity, sovereignty, state and public security are being solved at the proper level. The level of terrorist activity has been significantly reduced. The Russian economy has proven its resilience and ability to withstand external pressures.
But this pressure is constantly increasing. Our partners are coming up with new sanctions. NATO troops are increasingly conducting reconnaissance, conducting exercises near our borders, no longer hiding who their probable enemy is …
Nikolai Patrushev: Indeed, in recent years, in the context of a changing internal and external situation, the nature of threats to national security has undergone significant changes.
The desire of the United States and a number of Western countries to preserve their world hegemony provokes the growth of interstate contradictions and leads to a weakening of the international security system.
Actions unfriendly towards Russia, aimed at weakening Russian statehood, internal unity, and defense potential, are becoming more and more apparent. In order to contain Russia, political and economic pressure is intensifying, attempts are being made to destabilize the socio-political situation in the country, to inspire and radicalize the protest movement, and to erode traditional Russian spiritual and moral values.
A number of states openly call Russia a threat and even a military adversary. The campaign waged by the West to falsify world history is gaining momentum, and Russophobic sentiments are being purposefully formed.
The double standards used by a number of states in politics and economics impede an increase in the effectiveness of multilateral cooperation in all areas of conflict resolution, the fight against terrorism, extremism, drug trafficking, and organized crime. Such counterproductive approaches are increasingly spreading to new threats associated with the emergence of previously unknown infectious diseases, ensuring international information security, and solving environmental problems.
Can any one of the many tasks of ensuring the country’s security be called the most important?
Nikolai Patrushev: In the new version of the Strategy, in accordance with the President’s Address to the Federal Assembly, the highest priority is given to the preservation of the people of Russia. Improving the well-being of the people, ensuring the freedom and rights of citizens, and human dignity are enshrined in the Constitution as fundamental values and principles that form the foundations of Russian society, the security of the country, and the further development of Russia as a legal social state.
To save the people, it is necessary, as a matter of priority, to achieve an increase in the incomes of Russian citizens, to create a comfortable and safe environment for life, to ensure the unconditional implementation of constitutional rights and guarantees in the field of health care, ecology, sanitary and epidemiological well-being, social security, education and culture throughout the country.
That is, while the current US national security strategy promotes America’s superiority over other countries, we are talking about saving the people? And where is our role of the “aggressor country” in which the entire “progressive” West sees and blames us today?
Nikolai Patrushev: The new Strategy emphasizes that only a harmonious combination of a strong state and human well-being will ensure the prosperity of Russia and the formation of a just society. The strength of our state is primarily our people. They must have decent wages, a good education, be provided with jobs, housing, and high-quality medicine. Each of the strategic national priorities contains objectives that are aimed at saving the people.
An important condition for ensuring the economic security of Russia is relying on internal potential, independent solution of problems
Along with this, the change in the military-political situation, the increase in military dangers and military threats demanded clarification of the tasks carried out within the framework of the strategic national priority “Defense of the Country”. Particular attention is paid to maintaining at a sufficient level the potential of nuclear deterrence and the readiness of the Armed Forces for combat use, maintaining leadership in the development and production of advanced weapons, ensuring a high level of moral, political and psychological state of servicemen and preparing citizens for military service. The goals of defense are to create conditions for the peaceful socio-economic development of the Russian Federation and to ensure its military security.
We see the possibility of achieving these goals not only through strategic containment of potential adversaries, improvement of the military organization of the state, but above all by reducing the threat of unleashing a new global war, preventing an arms race, strengthening strategic stability and mutual trust, using political means, diplomacy mechanisms and peacekeeping.
Nikolai Platonovich, in this regard, I cannot but ask you about the meeting with the adviser to the US President Jacob Sullivan that took place in Geneva last week. What are your impressions, is it possible to increase mutual understanding in Russian-American relations and in the international sphere as a whole?
Nikolai Patrushev: I would like to note the constructive nature and productive content of the Russian-American consultations on the aus of security councils. We can also say that for a number of positions we can count on the development of mutually acceptable solutions.
After negotiations with Jacob Sullivan, we recalled a landmark episode in the common history of the two countries. Namely, 1863, when, at the height of the civil war in the United States, the Russian Empire resolutely supported Washington in its struggle for the unity of the country, sending two squadrons of cruisers to New York and San Francisco. Their crews were enthusiastically received by the Americans. American newspapers wrote about this event as a moment of unity between the two peoples. In many ways, against the background of the expedition of our fleet, the British Empire abandoned plans to intervene in the war on the side of the separatists.
To commemorate this event and our talks in Geneva, the Russian delegation presented Jacob Sullivan with an original engraving from the American magazine Harpers Weekly for 1863, which depicts the meeting of the Russian squadron in the harbor of New York. I hope it will remind you that the Russian Federation and the United States know how to be friends and cooperate.
We can say that on a number of positions we can count on the development of mutually acceptable solutions with the United States
The new version of the National Security Strategy emphasizes Russia’s desire to increase predictability, trust and security in the international sphere. At the same time, it notes the legitimacy of the adoption of symmetric and asymmetric measures to suppress and prevent unfriendly actions that pose a threat to the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Russian Federation.
Do you mean military action?
Nikolai Patrushev: First of all, the introduction of special economic measures, but, if necessary, also forceful methods of coercion.
At the same time, the Russian economy should itself be resistant to sanctions pressure?
Nikolai Patrushev: Of course. In the interests of ensuring economic security, the Strategy defines the tasks aimed at increasing its competitiveness and resilience to the effects of external and internal threats, at creating conditions for economic growth at rates higher than world ones.
An important condition for ensuring economic security is relying on internal potential, independent solution of the tasks facing Russia while maintaining openness to mutually beneficial cooperation with other countries.
At the same time, leadership in the development of science and technology is becoming one of the key factors in increasing the competitiveness and ensuring the national security of the Russian Federation. To achieve national development goals, to ensure the technological independence of the country, it is necessary to expand state support for scientific and innovative activities, attract private investment in their development and accelerate the implementation of the results of the work of our scientists into production.
The world is still fragile. We are communicating with you on the eve of the 80th anniversary of the outbreak of the Great Patriotic War, while Western propaganda is increasingly trying to accuse the Soviet Union of unleashing World War II …
Nikolai Patrushev: Falsification of historical facts, true causes and results of World War II, making the USSR responsible for unleashing World War II is inherently criminal. Today, when there are fewer and fewer living witnesses to the tragedy of World War II every year, various pseudo-historians and falsifiers feel more and more at ease. To our great regret, their work in many countries is also carried out by government orders. In some of them, history has been distorted to such an extent that Soviet soldiers are called occupiers, they justify the actions of the Nazis and heroize Nazi criminals.
Do you mean Ukraine?
Nikolai Patrushev: Including. Unable to cope with the solution of socio-economic problems, Kiev supports radicals and nationalists, from the lips of Ukrainian politicians and the military are increasingly heard militaristic statements, spinning a campaign about the “Russian threat.” At the same time, their Western partners turn a blind eye to the revival of Nazism in Europe, hiding behind the thesis that there are radicals in any state.
I believe that the equalization of those who gave their lives for the freedom of our Motherland, for the freedom of European countries, with Nazi criminals is unacceptable. Preserving the memory of the defenders of the Fatherland is our duty, we must put a barrier to insults against our parents, grandfathers and great-grandfathers who defended the independence of our country.
The future of Russia, in addition to the material well-being of its citizens, also depends on how we manage to preserve spirituality and morality, traditions, and pass on to the young generation the memory of the heroic past of their ancestors.
To neutralize the threats associated with the distortion of history, with the destruction of basic moral and ethical norms, with attempts to introduce alien ideals and values in the field of education, culture, religion, the Strategy formulates a new strategic national priority “Protection of traditional Russian spiritual and moral values, culture and historical memory “.
The rapid development and implementation of information and communication technologies continues. What cyber security threats are reflected in the Strategy?
Nikolai Patrushev: First of all, this is the use of information and communication technologies to interfere in the internal affairs of Russia, a significant increase in the number of computer attacks on Russian information resources, the desire of transnational corporations to consolidate control over the information resources of the Internet, as well as the large-scale dissemination of inaccurate information and the growth of crime with the use of digital technologies.
The more active manifestation of these threats necessitated the formation of a new strategic national priority – information security. Its implementation should ensure the country’s sovereignty in the information space. At the same time, Russia stands for the development of international cooperation in the interests of forming a global international legal regime that ensures the safe and equitable use of information and communication technologies.
Summing up our conversation, did I understand correctly that the main goal of the new version of the Strategy is the country’s security through its development?
Nikolai Patrushev: The new Strategy is designed to help preserve and improve the quality of life of the people of the Russian Federation, further strengthen the defense capability of Russia, internal unity and cohesion of the Russian society, achieve national development goals, increase the competitiveness and international prestige of our country.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.