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MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –

Dear Madam Chairperson,

We are grateful to IAEA Director General R. Grossi and the Department of Safeguards for the preparation of the next report on verification and monitoring in Iran in the light of UN Security Council Resolution 2231.

The report clearly demonstrates that there is no alternative to the JCPOA. The “Nuclear Deal” is an effective mechanism that ensures the exclusively peaceful nature of Iranian nuclear activities, creates conditions for establishing trade and economic cooperation with Iran and contributes to strengthening security in the Middle East and around the world. Since the conclusion of the JCPOA, Iran has long been the most audited state among the IAEA members.

The situation around the JCPOA and its current state cannot but cause concern. In fact, little is left of the “nuclear deal”. The primary reason for this is the subversive steps of the Trump administration to withdraw from the agreement and the US policy of “maximum pressure”, which, by the way, is still continuing. Unfortunately, almost all speakers preferred to ignore this circumstance. However, those who undertake to argue that the situation without the JCPOA is better than with it are simply distorting the facts and ignoring the objective reality for their political purposes. Let’s take a look at what is happening now: the Iranian nuclear program is developing at a faster pace, the Agency’s verification activities are significantly limited, and it has not become safer in the Middle East. If the “nuclear deal” is not returned, then all this will continue and worsen. However, so far the IAEA has been able to ensure an acceptable level of transparency of the Iranian nuclear program in the context of the law on strategic measures in force in Iran. As far as can be judged, despite some working moments, Tehran is cooperating and does not hinder the inspectors.

Russia invariably supports the JCPOA and advocates a return to full and early implementation of all elements of the agreement by all of its parties. We see the political resolve and zeal of our partners and colleagues in the negotiation process – primarily Iran and the United States themselves, as well as China, Great Britain, Germany and France – to seek the restoration of the “nuclear deal” as quickly as possible. We are also actively involved in this process. We are grateful to the European Foreign Service for its efforts to effectively coordinate the negotiation process.

The restoration of the JCPOA is in the interests of the entire international community. After all, this will make it possible to bring Iranian efforts in the nuclear field, including the level of uranium enrichment, its reserves, the number of centrifuges, in line with the parameters of the “nuclear deal” and return tight control from the Agency. In this context, the prompt resumption of the application of the Additional Protocol to the Safeguards Agreement, Modified Code 3.1, and other voluntary transparency measures will be important.

Tehran’s legislative decision to terminate from February 23 part of its obligations under the JCPOA, including the Additional Protocol, was a response to the barbaric actions against the Iranian scientist. Nevertheless, thanks to the temporary “technical understandings” concluded by the IAEA Director General and Vice President, Head of the Iranian Atomic Energy Organization A. Salehi, the Agency was able to continue the necessary monitoring. We welcome the decision of the Iranian side to continue functioning of the control systems provided for by these agreements until June 24. With their help, the Secretariat in the future will be able to restore the picture of what was happening at the Iranian facilities and resume a full-fledged check. An important role in this matter was played by the effective and well-considered actions of the IAEA Director General R. Grossi. We are grateful to him for that.

This situation once again demonstrates that those who are trying to disrupt the restoration of the JCPOA with the help of provocations, in fact, get the opposite result. In this regard, the incident at the Natanz uranium enrichment plant on 11 April is of serious concern. Fortunately, it did not result in human casualties and environmental pollution.

Members of the Board of Governors and all sane countries who are seriously concerned about the fate of the nuclear non-proliferation regime and international security should support the ongoing negotiations on the JCPOA in Vienna. The Russian Federation, for its part, will continue to do its utmost in the interests of their successful completion.

Thank you, distinguished Madam Chairperson.

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.

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