MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
Topic: “Regional Security Mechanisms: The Collective Security Treaty Organization”
We would like to express our gratitude to the Armenian Chairmanship for the initiative to hold today’s meeting and the invitation to speak on the subject of the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO).
Our meeting is a good opportunity for an interested exchange of views on the role and contribution of the CSTO, especially today, when the situation in world affairs remains tense and states are faced with numerous cross-border challenges and threats, including the coronavirus pandemic. It is obvious that these tasks can be effectively solved only together.
We regard the CSTO as a key instrument for ensuring security and stability in the post-Soviet space.
Possessing serious military and special means that are planned to be improved further, the CSTO invariably adheres to the principle enshrined in the Treaty to give priority in achieving the charter goals of strengthening peace, international and regional security and stability, primarily to political means.
Another no less important point is the realism and pragmatism of the tasks formulated before the CSTO. Member states are not engaged in the fight against fictitious threats and “windmills”, do not cooperate against anyone. Joint efforts are focused on ensuring security and reliable protection, creating favorable conditions for the progressive socio-economic development of the member states. These approaches form the basis of the CSTO Collective Security Strategy for the period up to 2025.
The Russian chairmanship of the Organization in 2020 took place against the backdrop of a difficult sanitary and epidemiological situation in the world and a turbulent situation in a number of member states. However, the organization has demonstrated its resilience, efficiency and performance in these circumstances.
The final summit of the CSTO was marked by weighty content. The guidelines for the further development of the CSTO in various fields have been determined. An extensive package of documents was adopted aimed at developing the collective security system, the main of which are the Plan for the Development of Military Cooperation for 2021-2025. and the Anti-Drug Strategy 2021-2025.
The agreed approaches are reflected in the Declaration of the Collective Security Council and the Statement on the formation of a just and sustainable world order. These final documents, in accordance with established practice, were circulated to the OSCE.
We consider it important that priority attention in the Organization is paid to strengthening foreign policy coordination, inter-parliamentary interaction, and cooperation with other international organizations.
On the anti-terrorist track, as General Secretary S.V. Zas informed in detail, a solid toolkit has indeed been formed – within the framework of the development of special forces of the Collective Forces of the CSTO, special operations “Channel”, “Illegal”, “Mercenary”, “PROXY”.
There is a mechanism for information exchange in relation to the activities of international terrorist organizations, countering them in the information sphere. The interaction of special services is expanding to identify and suppress their activities in the CSTO space, to neutralize the resource base. The Organization’s constant attention is focused on the problem of foreign terrorist fighters.
The task of strengthening the Tajik-Afghan border, including on its inaccessible mountainous areas, is not removed from the agenda.
We support the line on pairing the anti-terrorist potentials of the CSTO, the CIS ATC and the SCO RATS.
The peacekeeping forces of the Organization annually work out the coherence of actions with an eye to participation in the future in UN peacekeeping operations.
The Organization’s crisis response system is being improved. The CSTO Crisis Response Center has shown its effectiveness during a pandemic.
Together with the allies, we agreed to step up our efforts to raise awareness both in the CSTO countries and abroad about the activities of the Organization. This is also the goal of the Russian initiative to organize the CSTO Days in the member states. This work is of particular relevance in the light of the upcoming anniversary dates next year – the 30th anniversary of the signing of the Collective Security Treaty and the 20th anniversary of the CSTO.
We would like to emphasize that the CSTO is not a closed club. The organization readily shares its experience and best practices in the field of security.
The possibilities of the CSTO to develop external relations have significantly expanded with the introduction of observer and partner statuses.
We presume that the CSTO is capable of actively interacting with structures dealing with regional security issues, including the OSCE.
Interaction between the CSTO and the OSCE is far from exhausting its potential. We believe that it benefits both organizations. Such cooperation seems promising from the point of view of strengthening regional security and stability, combating new threats and challenges.
We stand for the further development of contacts between the executive structures of the OSCE and the CSTO. We consider it expedient to continue the practice of making speeches by representatives of the Organization at meetings of the Ministerial Council, the Permanent Council and other OSCE events.
We welcome the agreement on the forthcoming meeting of the OSCE Secretary General H. Schmid with S.V. Zas during her visit to Moscow on June 22 this year, as well as on her speech at the meeting of the CSTO Permanent Council.
We are interested in expanding cooperation between the CSTO and the OSCE in the areas of countering terrorism, related extremism, and drug trafficking. The CSTO has extensive experience in these areas.
The situation in Afghanistan may become the subject of separate attention and exchange of assessments by the CSTO and the OSCE in cooperation with Afghan colleagues, including within the framework of the Working Group on Afghanistan under the CSTO Council of Foreign Ministers.
In Russia (in Kazan), in November 2021, exercises are planned with the CSTO peacekeeping forces “Indestructible Brotherhood”. We will make a proposal to invite representatives of the OSCE Secretariat as observers.
As the epidemiological situation stabilizes, it would be useful to return to the idea of organizing the first joint CSTO-OSCE conference on security issues. It seems that the implementation of this initiative would contribute to the development of concrete ways to de-escalate military-political tensions, strengthen joint confidence-building measures and ensure security in the region.
We are interested in further coordination of the efforts of the CSTO with the OSCE. We hope that Tajikistan, which has assumed the chairmanship, will maintain at a high level the dynamics of the CSTO’s development, as well as the focus on deepening the dialogue between the two organizations.
Thank you for attention.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.