MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
On June 4, 1960, a faculty of training doctors for the Aerospace Forces was founded at the Military Medical Academy.
The emergence and development of aviation in Russia, and later also of space flights, dictated the emergence of a new medical specialty “medical care in aviation”. For this specialty, completely new requirements were applied, different from marine and land doctors. The faculty was supposed to train and improve aviation doctors for the entire range of characteristic diseases and symptoms accompanying flight work. This required the development of a new curriculum and related curriculum for aviation medicine and organization of medical tactics. The total training time was almost doubled, and the priority of practical training and the introduction of the state examination in aviation medicine and the organization of the tactics of the medical service significantly improved the training of aviation doctors on medical support of flights and control over the health of flight personnel.
The breakthrough into space required the introduction of space medicine into the course of aviation medicine. The constantly renewing and improving aircraft base requires from aviation doctors new, theoretical knowledge and solid practical skills to perform their functional duties.
Cadets and students of the faculty consistently show excellent studies, including in the major areas: organization and tactics of the medical service of the Aerospace Forces, physiology of flight work, ophthalmology, otorhinolaryngology and many others.
Extensive scientific work is carried out at the faculty and the profiling department of aviation and space medicine, there is a scientific circle of the military scientific society of cadets and listeners, where cadets receive scientific and methodological training, skills in organizing and conducting experimental research, master and introduce special methods into practice.
Over 300 graduates of the faculty have become prominent figures in military medicine. Many continue to serve in the academy, including heading leading departments.
Faculty graduates are distributed to all corners of Russia, where planes take off and land, and some go to the Cosmonaut Training Center. In 2007, a graduate of the 3rd faculty of the Military Medical Academy, Colonel of the Medical Service, Oleg Kotov, became the country’s hundredth cosmonaut. As part of the crew, he worked in orbit for more than 190 days, made two spacewalks. Doctors were previously included in space crews, but for the first time an astronaut, a doctor in the first specialty, piloted a transport ship as a crew commander. Oleg Kotov made two more space flights, and the total duration of three flights was more than 520 days.
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EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.