MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
We will go on a river voyage with the employees of the department store, have lunch at the Northern River Station and find out where the first Moscow skaters gathered.
Watching old movies is a great opportunity to visit Moscow of the past, to see the townspeople and its guests at that time, to walk along familiar and unfamiliar streets at the same time. Summer Moscow is especially beautiful in cinema. In different decades of the twentieth century, new objects became the main points of attraction here.
We already seenboating in Neskuchny Garden in Children of the Century (1915), walks on the hippodrome in Cigarette ot Mosselprom (1924), jumping from a tower in Gorky Park in The Private Life of Peter Vinogradov (1934) and training at Dynamo Stadium “In” The First Glove “(1946). We continue to inspect our favorite films together with the Moscow scholar Tatyana Vorontsova. The 1950s – 1980s are next.
1950s: sailing on motor ships
“Behind the Window of a Department Store” (1955), directed by Samson Samsonov
“Behind a Department Store Window” is a bit of a production drama, a bit of a comedy and even a bit of a detective story. Mikhail Ivanovich Krylov (Ivan Dmitriev), a former major in the Soviet army, and now the head of the department of ready-made dresses, is involved in an unpleasant story. A shortage is found in the store under his jurisdiction. Anna Andreevna (Natalya Medvedeva), director of the Zarya garment factory, rescues Krylova, despite the conflict that arose. Department store employees also come to the aid of Krylov, organizing their own investigation. A cunning scheme for stealing men’s suits will be revealed, justice will prevail, but first we will plunge headlong into the life that is boiling behind the shop window of a department store.
Every morning beautiful saleswomen rush here to change into uniform robes and stand behind the counters, small and large dramas are played here and novels are struck. It’s hard to believe that the department store in the film is fake: a large set was built especially for filming in the Mosfilm pavilions. But the consultant was the director of the real department store – GUM. He also provided the props by providing a variety of goods. The assortment is impressive considering the shortage – porcelain, toys, gramophone records and even special cut stockings.
The employees of the trade enterprise also find time for rest. The whole team goes for a ride on a motor ship, sing, dance and meet a magnificent sunset.
“Boat trips have been very popular, and their formats are varied: from weekend tours to large sightseeing trips. There are many postcards and posters on this topic, the slogan “Moscow is the port of five seas” was disseminated, and the building of the Northern River Station can be seen in many films of different decades – “Volga-Volga”, “Colleagues”, “Citizens”, “Race on verticals ”and others,” says Tatiana Vorontsova.
1960s: relaxing by the pool
Leon Garros Seeks a Friend (1960), directed by Marcello Pagliero
The first joint Soviet-French film. The film is unusual, “almost documentary,” as the voice-over at the very beginning states. The main character, French journalist Leon Garros, was played by non-professional actor Leon Zitron. He was indeed a journalist and a very popular sports commentator. Zitron was born in Russia, so a business trip to the USSR was especially important for him. By the way, the actor was fluent in Russian, but the filmmakers decided not to use it. His hero Leon Garros comes to Moscow to make a report, but his main goal is to find his friend Boris, with whom they escaped from a Nazi concentration camp 15 years ago. To find a friend, the Frenchman will have to travel not only all over Moscow, but also half the country. On the way, a lot of adventures, discoveries and incidents await him.
Moscow appears in the film in all its glory – “pink as Toulouse”, in the words of an admiring Garros. Indeed, the houses on Leninsky, through which the heroes enter the city, have a pinkish tint in the film. Together with foreigners, we will see a panorama from Vorobyovy Gory, Kievskaya metro station with elegant mosaics, Tverskaya with hurrying new “Muscovites” and “victories”, a monument to Mayakovsky with poetry readers and, of course, the symbol of Moscow at that time – Stalin’s skyscrapers. But most of all we are interested in the legendary Chaika pool.
Built for the VI World Festival of Youth and Students in 1957, it immediately became one of the most fashionable places in the capital. Its visitors – Soviet boys and girls – look like foreigners in the film: the legacy of the same festival makes itself felt. By the way, not only Soviet youth copied their French peers – there was also a reverse influence. After the victory of Kalatozov’s masterpiece “The Cranes Are Flying” at the Cannes Film Festival, young French women painted their eyes like Samoilov. By the way, it is Tatiana Samoilova that we meet at the Seagull pool (more precisely, of course, her heroine, the singer Natasha).
“It was the first outdoor pool that was open all year round, you could swim here even in winter. It was also a training base for national teams in water sports, but it remained public, the townspeople loved to relax there, – says Tatiana Vorontsova. – In the film we see the original “The Seagull”, which is later reconstructed. An interestingly shaped jumping tower is clearly visible, as well as buildings on the other side of the pool, closer to Ostozhenka. Then there were classic forms – columns, a dome – which fit well into a number of nearby Ostozhenka estates. All this was rebuilt for the 1980 Olympics and designed not in the classical, but in the modernist style ”.
1970s restaurants by the water
“For family reasons” (1977), director Alexei Korenev
Alexey Korenev’s comedy about the search for a separate living space and family happiness very accurately captures the signs of the times: illegal brokers using passwords and code words, people puzzled by the exchange and exchange of apartments, house parties and art exhibitions.
Young spouses Igor (Evgeny Steblov) and Lida (Marina Dyuzheva), who have just become parents, are trying to combine work and family, as well as to involve Lida’s mother Galina Arkadyevna (Galina Polskikh) in raising their daughter. And she resists – she has a successful career, and in general she does not really like her daughter’s husband. But soon she herself will marry, turn into a daughter-in-law and feel what it was like for her son-in-law all these years. The wayward mother-in-law Izolda Tikhonovna (Evgenia Khanaeva) will soon also be in the place of Galina Arkadyevna – an old admirer, whose mother never liked her, makes an offer to her. The film fell in love with the audience not only because of the funny and relevant plot – it has an amazing cast: Evgeny Evstigneev, Rolan Bykov, Anatoly Papanov, Vladimir Basov and others join the aforementioned artists.
There is another sign of the times in the film – the restaurant of the Northern River Station, which is very popular among Muscovites and guests of the capital. Isolde Tikhonovna comes here to dine with her boyfriend.
“Restaurants at the northern and southern ends of the Northern River Station were considered very prestigious: a view of the canal, good cuisine. Even in the film, we see decently served tables, and Basov’s hero celebrates the service, – says the Moscow expert. “In general, in the 1970s and 80s, cafes, restaurants, pubs, barbecue and other similar establishments become a mass phenomenon and a widespread form of leisure.”
1980s: skateboarding and break dance
Courier (1986), directed by Karen Shakhnazarov
In the philosophical parable of Karen Shakhnazarov, young people already have completely different problems. They have everything in order with their living space, but with plans for the future, dreams and values, it is more difficult. They do not know what they want, but they know for sure that they do not want to become like their parents. The story of the meeting and parting of the professor’s daughter Katya (Anastasia Nemolyaeva) and the unlucky courier Ivan (Fyodor Dunaevsky) captivated the audience and critics. The film became one of the leaders in distribution, received a special jury prize at the Moscow International Film Festival and was recognized as the best picture in 1987 by the magazine “Soviet Screen”.
On his first working day, Ivan has to take the manuscript home to Katya’s father, Professor Kuznetsov, but he is very late because he meets a friend on the way and goes with him to Vorobyovy Gory to skate on a skateboard.
“In the 80s, skaters were at the height of fashion. We rode on Vorobyovy Gory, on Mayakovskaya, on VDNKh, in Gorky Park and in the “Olympic” area. On the Vorobievs – we see this in the film – there were very suitable tracks with a slight incline, which made it possible to develop speed. Skateboards were made in Rostov, Tolyatti, Leningrad and other Russian cities, but the best were from the Baltic States, everyone dreamed of them. They cost about 50 rubles – not the cheapest pleasure, ”says Tatiana Vorontsova.
Another youth trend captured by Shakhnazarov was break dance. They began to dance it in the cafe “By the Fountain” in the Olympic Village, there was even a separate day dedicated to the break. There is a cafe in the film: Ivan is resting here with his friends.
“People called this cafe“ Milk ”, because they did not sell alcohol, but only milkshakes. It was a cult place, the first club in the modern sense of the word. The most famous break dancers were there – they say that Shakhnazarov took the guys from there to shoot. True, in the film, the break is danced on Dovzhenko Street, that is, in a residential area. I’m not sure that this could be seen in reality, such characters were more likely to meet, for example, on the Arbat, ”says the Moscow expert.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.