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Photo by V.I. Lavrova in a group with fellow soldiers in the village of Krasnaya Polyana. 1942 year. Main Archive of Moscow

By the beginning of hostilities in the local air defense of the capital, there were about 650 thousand fighters.

On the 80th anniversary of the beginning of the Great Patriotic War Main Archive of Moscow published in the virtual museum “Moscow – Caring for History” lists of fighters of the local air defense of the capital. I decided to transfer the documents to the Glavarchiv for storage Department for Civil Defense, Emergencies and Fire Safety of the City of Moscow… The official transfer of the lists will take place on June 22 at State Museum of Defense of Moscow

Until today, lists of privates and officers who served at the headquarters of the local air defense (LPVO) in Moscow from 1941 to 1945 were kept in the archives of the Department of Civil Defense and Security. To contain data on almost 50 thousand defenders of the city, 31 volumes were needed. The names can now be seen online. For the convenience of users, an alphabetical index works in the virtual museum.

“From the first days of the Great Patriotic War, Moscow was seriously preparing to protect the population and objects from air attacks. By the beginning of hostilities, there were up to 650 thousand trained fighters in the Moscow Air Defense Forces. It was these people who, under the falling bombs and machine-gun fire, provided assistance to the residents of the city, were during the raids on the roofs of buildings, at security posts, on observation towers, fought with fire, risking their own lives. We are proud to be the heirs of the local air defense of the capital and continue to ensure the safety of Moscow and its residents, “said the head of the Department for Civil Defense, Emergencies and Fire Safety of the city of Moscow.

Yuri Akimov

During the Great Patriotic War, units of the Moscow air defense zone and the formation of local air defense fought against enemy aircraft in the capital. If the task of the air defense was to prevent enemy aircraft from reaching the city, then the air defense fought the consequences of the bombing directly in the capital.

The headquarters of the local air defense was created in 1937 to protect the capital and its inhabitants from invaders. Thanks to his activities, shelters were created on the territory of Moscow, they prevented fires and fires in residential buildings, at enterprises, in cultural and health institutions, and provided assistance to the wounded. By the beginning of 1941, the city had over nine thousand shelters and hiding places, accommodating up to 1.6 million people.

As the boss told Of the Main Archive Directorate of the city of Moscow Yaroslav Onopenko, the interest of the townspeople in the history of their families is growing every day. This can be seen both in the number of users of the online service “My Family”, and in the number of documents that citizens request from the Glavarchiv, especially documents from the times of the Great Patriotic War.

“We strive to satisfy the interests of residents and open access to important wartime materials for them. Indeed, for many, this is almost the only chance to learn about the front-line fate of their ancestors. So, we have already published the lists of Muscovites awarded medals “For the Defense of Moscow”, the personal files of the heroes of the Soviet Union. And now, together with the Department for Civil Defense, Emergencies and Fire Safety of the city of Moscow, we are sharing with the townspeople the lists of the Ministry of Defense Forces of almost 50 thousand names, ”noted Yaroslav Onopenko.

In total, during the war years, an air raid alert was announced in Moscow 141 times. In total, 229 enemy aircraft broke through to the city. 1,610 high-explosive bombs and 110,000 incendiary bombs were dropped on the capital. About 40 thousand of the dropped incendiary bombs were eliminated by the Air Defense Forces at the crash site, over three thousand serious fires and 1541 fires were extinguished.

The famous aircraft designer Alexander Yakovlev later recalled: “The population of Moscow in every possible way helped the troops of the Ministry of Defense of Defense of the capital. After a hard day of work, often very long, tens of thousands of workers and employees occupied positions on the rooftops … The girls of the capital besieged military enlistment offices, Komsomol committees, seeking admission to anti-aircraft units. If ever it was decided to erect a monument to the heroes who defended the capital from air raids, I would suggest erecting a bronze figure of a young Muscovite anti-aircraft gunner on a high pedestal. “

The virtual museum “Moscow – with care for history” presents a large collection of documents, objects and video chronicles of the Great Patriotic War. Most of the materials came to the Glavarkhiv from the townspeople. Open access to archival documents is important not only for historians, but also for all Muscovites interested in the past of their families.

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.

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