MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
In Khabarovsk, Deputy Prime Minister – Plenipotentiary of the President in the Far Eastern Federal District Yuri Trutnev held meetings on the socio-economic development of the region, the prospects for the timber industry, met with investors in the Khabarovsk Territory.
The agenda of the meeting on the socio-economic development of the region included the development of the construction industry and reducing the cost of building a square meter of housing. “Our task is to ensure the possibility of building more housing and reduce its price,” stressed Yuri Trutnev.
According to the regional authorities, the Khabarovsk Territory faces the task of increasing the volume of housing construction to 1 million square meters by 2025. m per year. According to the head of the region Mikhail Degtyarev, this year in the region it is planned to commission housing in the amount of 317 thousand square meters. m, which is 38% more than in 2020. In five months of this year, almost as many building permits were issued as in the whole of 2019, when project financing was introduced, while the total living space is 40% more than in 2019. For the current year, it is planned to commission 43 apartment buildings by 28 developers.
Priority housing projects were presented. In Khabarovsk, promising land plots have been identified, on which it is possible to build up to 3.4 million square meters. m of housing. Thus, the Orekhovaya Sopka microdistrict includes 6 territories (207 hectares). On them, it is possible to commission housing up to 1 million square meters. m. A project of a comprehensive action plan for the development of the microdistrict territories has been developed, six developers have been identified.
On the instructions of Russian President Vladimir Putin, the Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East has prepared a package of proposals aimed at increasing the volume of housing construction in the subjects of the Far Eastern Federal District. As explained by the Minister for the Development of the Far East and the Arctic, Alexei Chekunkov, the proposals are aimed at reducing the cost of housing, improving the quality of life of the population, using the latest technologies, increasing the volume of housing commissioning and suggest providing investors implementing integrated development projects, tax incentives and other preferences established for residents of priority development territories.
One of the first projects within the framework of the Far Eastern Quarter program is planned in the territory of Khabarovsk. On a land plot with an area of 83 hectares, it is planned to build a residential microdistrict with a total area of 330 thousand square meters. m. In total, 11 sites for the construction of 2.14 million square meters are being considered in 9 Far Eastern regions. m of housing.
The Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East is developing a program “My Home” for users of Far Eastern hectares. The program aims to support individual housing construction. As part of the program, a mechanism is being worked out for providing house kits at a reduced price.
Yuri Trutnev instructed the Ministry of Construction, together with other interested federal and regional authorities, to develop proposals for the development of housing construction in the Khabarovsk Territory and work out the issues of reducing the cost of housing construction. The Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East, together with the Ministry of Construction, VEB.DV will develop a mechanism for securing a reduced price per square meter in integrated development projects that receive government support.
The prospects for the development of the mineral resource base and the effectiveness of the use of licensing agreements, the provision of natural gas to consumers of the Sakhalin Region, Khabarovsk and Primorsky Territories and other issues were considered.
At the end of 2020, the GRP of the Khabarovsk Territory remained at the same level by 2019. At the same time, growth was ensured in the industries of metallurgy (113.9%), coal mining (153.8%) and production of building materials (104.8%). The dynamics of investments in fixed assets is positive. In terms of investment growth rates, the region takes a leading place among the subjects of the Far East (124.7% by 2019). The mining industry is the leading one in the economy of the Khabarovsk Territory. It accounts for more than 7% of the GRP and more than 11% of the tax revenues of the regional budget. The industry employs almost 12 thousand people. 32 enterprises are involved in the extraction of precious, non-ferrous metals and coal in the region.
They discussed the conduct of geological exploration work in the region. Over the past five years, the volume of expenditures on geological exploration amounted to more than 19.5 billion rubles. Most of it is the funds of subsoil users, and from 5 to 10% per year are invested from the federal budget. According to the Khabarovsk Territory, in 2020 investments in the development of the mineral resource base amounted to 7.7 billion rubles, which is 1.8 times more than in 2019. In 2021, it is planned to allocate at least 3 billion rubles for geological exploration work.
The issues of natural gas supply to consumers of the Sakhalin Region, Khabarovsk and Primorsky Territories were considered. It was noted that the Sakhalin-3 project of Gazprom should become the main source to meet the gas demand from 2023.
Yuri Trutnev instructed the Ministry of Natural Resources, together with Rosnedra, to analyze the reasons for the decline in mineral reserves in the Khabarovsk Territory and submit proposals for resolving this issue. The Ministry of Energy, together with PJSC Gazprom, PJSC Rosneft and the government of the Khabarovsk Territory, was instructed to prepare proposals on the timing and sources of financing for the reconstruction of the trunk gas pipeline section from the Oktyabrsky village to Komsomolsk-on-Amur within two weeks.
A meeting was held on the prospects for the development of the timber industry complex in the Khabarovsk Territory – the largest timber industry region in the Far East. The region accounts for more than half of the total volume of forest products in the Far East. Estimated cut – 28 million cubic meters m. Leased 10 million cubic meters. m. On the territory of the region there are about 300 enterprises engaged in logging and timber processing, with a staff of about 15 thousand people. 122 enterprises have woodworking facilities. Almost 97% of enterprises (290) are small and medium-sized businesses. They employ 8.3 thousand people. At the same time, for 120 remote settlements of the region, timber industry enterprises are actually the only employers.
As part of investment projects, modern forestry complexes for the production of lumber, veneer, panel products and biofuel have been created in the region. However, there is a lack of capacity for processing low-grade wood, which in the structure of harvesting is up to 30%. In 2020, 5.4 million cubic meters were harvested in the Khabarovsk Territory. m of wood, produced more than 1 million cubic meters. m of lumber, more than 150 thousand cubic meters. m of veneer and fuel pellets – 158 thousand tons. According to preliminary estimates of the Khabarovsk Territory, in 2021 production will amount to 4.5 million cubic meters. m of unprocessed wood (83.8% by 2020), 1.15 million cubic meters. m of sawn timber (114.5% by 2020), 141 thousand cubic meters. m of veneer (93% by 2020), 180 thousand tons of fuel pellets (113.8% by 2020).
In the last ten years, the main emphasis in the region has been placed on the development of timber processing facilities. Five investment projects are being implemented with the support of the Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East. The implementation of three priority investment projects (JV Arkaim, LLC Amur Forest, LLC Rimbunan Hijau MDF) has been completed with a total capital investment of 7.9 billion rubles and a total volume of consumed raw materials of 3.2 million cubic meters. m. In fact, investments in the amount of 11.4 billion rubles were attracted. Two investment projects are underway. OJSC Dallesprom is building a rotary cut veneer plant in Amursk. LLC “Vostochnaya trading company” creates a complex woodworking enterprise. The total volume of capital investments for these two projects is 12.9 billion rubles.
The state has taken additional measures to support small and medium-sized businesses (concessional lending through the Federal Industrial Development Fund for the modernization of fixed assets and the creation of advanced wood processing facilities). A total of 5 loans were approved for the amount of 710 million rubles. Five applications for a total amount of 225 million rubles are under consideration.
The Khabarovsk Territory, along with Transbaikalia, participates in an experiment to launch the digital service Lesvostok.rf. Now on-site specialists are checking the correctness of the digitized data. At the same time, the accuracy of the neural network is checked, which makes it possible to recognize, analyze and classify even minimal forest changes. To do this, special teams in the field check the information issued by the neural network. The new service will reduce the time required for obtaining forest plots by 9 times (from 280 days to 30 days). The new taxation method will be 2 times faster and cheaper. In the near future, the regions will finalize the regulatory framework. Lesvostok.rf is planned to be connected to the main authorization service for state services.
The establishment of a state-owned roundwood exporting company is being considered as one of the transitional measures. Currently, this issue is being worked out by the federal executive authorities. “We will come up with a proposal to create a state-owned company that will have monopoly rights to export round timber. We will discuss it with Prime Minister Mikhail Vladimirovich Mishustin. But this is a temporary measure. We must create conditions for the construction of processing facilities here, here in Russia, so that there is more surplus value, taxes, people get more money, “- said Yuri Trutnev.
He instructed the Ministry of Industry and Trade to continue analyzing the state of the forestry industry, developing proposals for supporting timber processing enterprises. The Ministry of Industry and Trade and the Ministry of Natural Resources must submit proposals on changing the system of transferring land plots to investors. “If we are ending the period when the forest was cut down and exported abroad, then this should also affect the process of allocating forest areas. We must think over a mechanism so that the provision of forest plots is associated with wood processing, ”explained Yuri Trutnev.
The Deputy Prime Minister also met with investors in the Khabarovsk Territory. Projects for the modernization of production facilities, the creation of infrastructure and industrial facilities, the development of the Kholdomi ski resort and the construction of agricultural enterprises were presented.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.