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Misr type (or misyurk) iron helmet

Artifacts of the XIV-XVIII centuries were found in 2017 on the Exchange Square. The collection includes over 900 household items and weapons, as well as over a thousand pieces of ceramics. The restored finds will be donated to the city’s museum fund.

Moscow archaeologists have restored one of the largest collections of archaeological finds from the 14th – 18th centuries. All of them were discovered in 2017 on Exchange Square – these are household items and personal piety (crosses, icons), military ammunition, weapons, and also fragments of ceramics.

“The restoration of one of the largest collections of archaeological finds in recent years has been completed. These are more than 900 artifacts, of which about 400 are items of weapons and military uniforms. The collection also includes over a thousand pieces of ceramics. Now all the finds are ready to be transferred to the museum fund of the city, ”the head of the

Moscow City Heritage Alexey Emelyanov.

Specialists put in order silver coins of the XIV-XV centuries, as well as things that Muscovites used in the XVI-XVIII centuries. Among them are wooden cups and a rocker, a non-ferrous metal bowl with an Arabic inscription, keys, fragments of leather goods – shoes, sheath belts. Particularly careful and careful restoration was required for the icon made of non-ferrous metal with the image of the Mother of God, pendant crosses and icons.

The collection also contains finds related to jewelry – an anvil, a jewelry hammer and ceramic crucibles (special pots that were used for the primary smelting of metal from ore). Experts assume that in the 18th century there was a jewelry workshop on the site of the present Exchange Square.

Of particular interest is the so-called military complex of finds from the late 16th – early 17th centuries, for example, a perfectly preserved iron helmet of the Misr type (or Misyurk). It was a semicircular metal plate that covered only the parietal part of the head, and a long chain mail mesh was attached to its edges. This type of protective headdress was common in Russia in the 16th century.

There is also an iron bracer in the collection – a piece of plate armor that protected a warrior. It was worn over chain mail. In addition, the details of the guns (squeaks and fuses), arrowheads, as well as a fragment of a blade weapon were restored.

The museum fund will also include items from ceramics of the 14th – 18th centuries found on Birzhevaya Square – anthracite (covered with transparent green glaze) stove tiles, fragments of a red clay amphora of the 14th century, as well as tableware of the 16th – 18th centuries brought from other countries.

In June, the archaeological season began in Moscow and will last until early October. At this time, excavations, observations, research are carried out. In 2021, specialists will conduct field work at more than 800 sites, two thirds of which are located on the territory of the Troitsky and Novomoskovsky administrative areas.

Preserving finds is an important part of the archaeological work. The process is divided into two stages. During office processing, the soil is removed, but the restoration itself can take from a week to several years (depending on the complexity of the artifact and its condition). Last year, it was discovered in the capital more than 15 thousand artifacts.

Photos provided by the press service of the Department of Cultural Heritage of the city of Moscow

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.

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