MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
A professional fire brigade in the country appeared in St. Petersburg at the beginning of the 19th century. On June 24, 1803, Emperor Alexander I signed a Personalized Imperial Decree, which read: “To improve the existing city administration in St. Petersburg, as well as in order to possibly make the life of its inhabitants easier, we command: to form a special team of firemen from the soldiers and to maintain it to accrue funds from city revenues annually ”.
The created team consisted of 11 parts and became the first professional fire brigade in Russia. At that time, the number of the fire brigade was 1602 people.
It was in the city on the Neva that the country’s first university of fire-technical profile was opened (now the St. water protection, communication and lighting services, chemical and technical. The organization and further development of these services ensured extinguishing fires in the shortest possible time and with the least loss.
The history of the fire brigade of St. Petersburg is full of true examples of the courage and heroism of the fighters. During the Great Patriotic War and the siege of Leningrad, firefighters fought heroically against fire in the besieged city. More than two thousand Leningrad firefighters gave their lives fighting the fire. On July 10, 1942, the fire brigade of Leningrad was the first in the country to be awarded the highest award – the Order of Lenin.
Today the fire brigade is part of the Russian Emergencies Ministry. The arsenal of today’s fire fighters includes modern technology, combat uniforms, ships and boats for various purposes, aviation and robotics. Like a century ago, from year to year and from day to day, firefighters take up combat duty, and each time they are ready to risk themselves for the sake of the lives of other people.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.