MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
Oleg Vladimirovich, what, in the opinion of the Russian Security Council, threats in the information sphere pose the greatest danger?
– In the context of total digitalization, the range of threats is constantly expanding.
The scale and consequences of destructive activities in the information space are steadily growing.
Of particular concern are the threats associated with computer attacks on critical information infrastructure. The number of attacks on the resources of public authorities has noticeably increased.
Various types of fraud committed with the use of information and communication technologies have become the realities of today. This threat was especially pronounced during the COVID-19 pandemic, when many services began to be provided online.
A significant threat to international information security is the use by individual states of their technological dominance in the global information space to solve opportunistic political problems.
As monopolists in the ICT market, these states in every possible way restrict the access of other members of the world community to advanced information technologies. This information inequality threatens not only the digital sovereignty of many countries, but also their political independence.
A frank desire to increase the technological dependence of developing countries in the field of informatization can be regarded as “digital colonization”.
Are other countries ready to cooperate with us, are they ready for equal cooperation in this area? After all, we constantly hear accusations of Russia of cyberattacks, of interference in internal affairs.
– It is obvious to everyone that no world power alone is able to counter threats in the information sphere.
This was once again confirmed by the situation related to cyberattacks on infrastructure facilities in the United States – the Colonial Pipeline oil pipeline and the JBS meat processing plants.
Therefore, building partnerships in the legal field and developing cooperation in this area is an objective necessity.
As for the formats of interaction, as many years of experience show, in the current situation, direct bilateral cooperation gives the greatest practical return.
We consider the creation of regulatory and legal conditions for the establishment of direct professional contacts between the relevant government departments of Russia with colleagues from partner countries as a priority in activities to ensure international information security. This is the foundation for further progress at the regional and universal levels.
This year alone, relevant intergovernmental agreements on cooperation with Iran and Kyrgyzstan were signed. Similar documents with Indonesia, Nicaragua and Uzbekistan are ready for signing. About one and a half dozen draft agreements are at the stage of expert study or domestic approval.
As I have already noted, Russian approaches to the formation of an international information security system are shared by many members of the world community.
At the same time, the course of restraining the development of Russia, pursued by the Western countries, leads to the inhibition of the formed and destruction of the previously created mechanisms of interaction in the field of ensuring information security, including the bilateral format.
Instead of substantive professional interaction to prevent misunderstandings and unintentional escalation of incidents in cyberspace, jointly investigate the facts of cyber fraud and extortion, thereby ensuring the inevitability of punishment of criminals, unfounded politicized accusations against Russia of committing computer attacks with threats of “retaliatory” impacts on Russian information infrastructure continue to sound …
Against this background, the dialogue with French colleagues is progressing positively.
As for the overseas partners.
On September 25, 2020, President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin made a proposal to restart Russian-American relations in the use of information and communication technologies to reduce the risk of a large-scale confrontation in the digital sphere.
The statement of the President of the Russian Federation stated the need to resume a full-scale Russian-American interdepartmental dialogue at a high level on key issues of information security, as well as exchange guarantees of non-interference in each other’s internal affairs, including the use of information and communication technologies.
At a press conference following the Russian-American talks in Geneva on June 16, 2021, Vladimir Putin said: “You just need to discard all insinuations, sit down at the expert level and start working in the interests of the United States and the Russian Federation. In principle, we agreed on this, and Russia is ready for this. “
Once again I want to emphasize that the policy of the Russian Federation in the field of international information security is aimed at preventing interstate conflicts in the global information space.
– You noted the importance of bilateral interaction in the field of information security. What criteria are used to determine the priority of countries for building relations in such a sensitive area for national security?
– Russia is ready to cooperate with all states that share our approaches and are aimed at jointly countering threats to international information security.
But, of course, the dialogue with our closest partners in the CSTO, CIS, SCO and BRICS will continue to develop as a priority.
Cooperation within these associations has a solid legal foundation. Russia has concluded bilateral agreements with all BRICS countries. Within the framework of the CSTO, the CIS and the SCO, we are also united by specialized agreements on cooperation in a multilateral format.
Interaction in these associations is organized on a systematic basis. In accordance with the joint plans, working groups of experts are functioning, coordinating, among other things, actions at various international platforms.
The cohesion of our countries is clearly manifested in the development of approaches to the formation of a system for ensuring international information security at the UN site.
We will strengthen strategic cooperation with our like-minded people. This is what the President of the Russian Federation is aiming at us, and this is determined by the provisions of the Fundamentals of State Policy of Russia in the area under consideration.
– You mentioned the United Nations. What Russian initiatives to ensure international information security are we talking about?
– As Vladimir Putin noted at a meeting of the Security Council, “in recent years, the UN has been paying serious, increased attention to the issues of ensuring security and the development of the international information space, and we must strive to ensure that Russian ideas and proposals on the platform of this universal organization are embodied in concrete decisions “.
Among the key areas is the creation of conditions for the adoption by the member states of the United Nations of the Convention on International Information Security.
The idea of adopting a document that would allow regulating the activities of states in the information space was voiced by the Secretary of the Security Council N.P. Patrushev back in September 2011 in Yekaterinburg at an international meeting of high representatives in charge of security issues.
Today, such proposals are heard on the UN platform from the lips of the representatives of the countries that are members of the specialized Open-ended Working Group.
Russia initiated the creation of this group in 2019 and did everything necessary to continue its work for the period 2021 – 2025 with the aim of organizing, under the auspices of the UN, a regular institutional dialogue with the participation of all states to ensure a democratic, inclusive and transparent negotiating process on security issues in the field use of ICT.
In May of this year, the first meeting of an ad hoc open-ended intergovernmental committee of experts was held, which was also created at the initiative of our country to develop a comprehensive international convention on combating the use of ICT for criminal purposes.
The adoption of such a convention is one of our strategic guidelines. We need an effective universal mechanism of international cooperation in the fight against cybercrime, covering all areas of illegal activity.
Many Russian proposals are related to the development under the auspices of the UN and ensuring the binding implementation of the principles and norms of international law governing the activities of states in the global information space.
An important direction is the improvement of the norms of international humanitarian law in relation to the use of information and communication technologies, taking into account their special specifics.
Another strategic direction is the formation of mechanisms to ensure the safe and stable functioning and development of the Internet on the basis of equal participation of all members of the world community. We proceed from the assumption that the International Telecommunication Union, as well as the relevant institutions of sovereign states, should play a key role in the management of the Internet.
The Russian draft concept of the convention governing this subject area was presented back in 2017 and will soon be updated taking into account the current realities.
Here is a far from complete list of Russian initiatives that require practical implementation.
Oleg Vladimirovich, the day before the President of Russia approved the updated Fundamentals of State Policy in the Field of International Information Security. How will the country’s political line in this area change?
– The updated edition of the Fundamentals clearly demonstrates that the Russian vector of state policy in the field of international information security is not influenced by the current political situation. Russia’s activities in this topical area will remain open and predictable.
This approach was determined by the President of the Russian Federation V.V. Putin, who at the meeting of the Security Council in March of this year. stressed that “Russia, as before, is open for dialogue and constructive interaction with all partners.”
Russia will continue to promote its approaches to the formation of a global system for ensuring international information security on various platforms, based on a strategic course towards preventing conflicts in the information space.
Our approaches are shared by many countries, which is clearly confirmed by the adoption at the 75th session of the UN General Assembly of a Russian draft resolution on maintaining an institutional dialogue on security issues in the use of information and communication technologies in the format of a specialized open-ended Working Group.
– How will the implementation of the main directions of state policy be organized?
– Federal executive bodies, scientific and expert community, educational organizations, business circles will be involved in this work, with the coordinating role of the apparatus of the Security Council and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia.
The Foreign Ministry is responsible for organizing the advancement in the international arena of the position of the Russian Federation on the issue of ensuring international information security.
The working bodies of the Security Council are entrusted with organizing interaction between federal executive bodies in the implementation of state policy in the field of international information security.
It is planned to concretize the tasks of the departments concerned, to intensify interaction in the formats of target interdepartmental groups, and to increase the efficiency of public-private partnership mechanisms.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.