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The commander of the partisan detachment of the Ruzsky district of the Moscow region P.A. Tkachev. Photo by V. Zunin. Winter 1941-1942. Main Archive of Moscow

Users can learn more about the organization of partisan detachments and their actions in the occupied territory of the Moscow region.

On the occasion of the Day of Partisans and Underground Fighters, the Main Archival Directorate of Moscow has published new materials in the section “Unique documents”… These are documents from 1941-1967 preserved in the funds of Moscow party organizations and dedicated to the Great Patriotic War.

Of greatest interest is the “Report of the Moscow Regional Committee of the All-Union Communist Party of Bolsheviks on the activities of partisan detachments and fighter-sabotage groups in the areas of the Moscow region that were temporarily occupied by German troops.” The document provides information on the organization of partisan detachments, on providing them with weapons and ammunition. There is also information about the work of partisans in the occupied territory of the Moscow region, about the help them from the local population, about the organization of ambushes, the destruction of vehicles, convoys with military equipment and food of the enemy.

In addition to documents on partisans, users can see the resolution of the secretariat of the Moscow City Committee of the All-Union Communist Party of Bolsheviks dated October 13, 1941 “On the organization of the City Headquarters of the workers’ formations of the city of Moscow” to protect the capital. Also, access is open to letters from the secretary of the Moscow City Committee of the CPSU Nikolai Yegorychev. They talk about the proposal to create a monument “Tomb of the Unknown Soldier” at the Kremlin wall and about its opening on May 8, 1967.

The documents are supplemented by a video. It was created on the basis of a four-hour recording of the memoirs of Nikolai Yegorychev, personal photographs and photographs of the city. The video can be seen in the virtual museum “Moscow – Caring for History”.

Nikolai Egorychev recalls his peasant ancestors, participation in the Great Patriotic War, post-war restoration of the national economy, reconstruction of Moscow enterprises, the history of the creation of the memorial “Tomb of the Unknown Soldier”. He also pays attention to the personalities of Nikita Khrushchev and Leonid Brezhnev, talks about the relationship of the Moscow City Committee of the CPSU with the capital’s creative intelligentsia. By the way, Nikolai Egorychev himself was friends with many of its representatives.

Among the documents there is a letter from Nikolai Yegorychev and the chairman of the executive committee of the Moscow City Council Vladimir Promyslov from 1964. They propose to revive the title of “Honorary Citizen of the City of Moscow” and assign it to “those working people who have made a great contribution to the development and prosperity of the Soviet capital, who are an example of high citizenship in their entire life and work.”

For the first time, the title of “Honorary Citizen of the City of Moscow” was awarded in 1866 to Prince Alexander Shcherbatov “for his substantially useful work as the Moscow mayor.” In general, for the period from 1866 to 1917, 12 people were awarded this title, including three foreigners. The title of honorary citizen of Moscow was restored in 1995, since then 15 people have received it. Among them are ballerina Galina Ulanova, composer Georgy Sviridov, physician Valery Shumakov, Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia Alexy II, People’s Artist Vasily Lanovoy and others.

Specialists of the Glavarkhiv are carrying out large-scale work to find and determine the significance of documents. They select materials that have undoubted historical value and exist in a single copy, and then publish them on their website in the section “Unique documents”.

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.

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