MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
Representatives of the Islamic Republic of Iran, the Russian Federation and the Republic of Turkey as guarantor countries of the Astana format:
Reaffirmed their continued commitment to the sovereignty, independence, unity and territorial integrity of the Syrian Arab Republic, as well as the purposes and principles of the UN Charter, and stressed that these principles are subject to universal observance and respect;
Expressed their determination to continue interaction in order to combat terrorism in all its forms and manifestations and to oppose separatist plans aimed at undermining the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Syria and threatening the national security of neighboring countries. They condemned the growth of terrorist activity in various parts of Syria, which leads to casualties among civilians, incl. attacks on civilian infrastructure. Agreed to continue cooperation for the final elimination of ISIS, Jabhat Al-Nusra / Hayat Tahrir Al-Sham and all other individuals, groups, enterprises and organizations associated with Al-Qaeda or ISIS, and other terrorist groups that recognized as such by the UN Security Council, while ensuring the protection of civilians and civilian infrastructure in accordance with international humanitarian law. Expressed serious concern about the increased presence and terrorist activity of the Heyat Tahrir Al-Sham group and other terrorist organizations affiliated with it, which threaten civilians inside and outside the IDF;
Examined in detail the situation in the Idlib de-escalation zone and emphasized the need to maintain calm “on the ground” through the full implementation of all existing agreements on Idlib;
We discussed the situation in northeastern Syria and agreed that achieving long-term security and stability in this region is possible only on the basis of maintaining the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the SAR. They rejected all attempts to create new realities “on the ground”, including illegal initiatives for self-government under the pretext of fighting terrorism. They reaffirmed their determination to oppose separatist plans in Trans-Euphrates, aimed at undermining the unity of Syria and threatening the national security of neighboring countries. In this regard, they expressed concern about the intensification of hostilities directed against the civilian population. Reiterated their opposition to the illegal seizure and transfer of oil proceeds, which should belong to the Syrian Arab Republic;
Condemned the ongoing Israeli military attacks in Syria, which violate international law, international humanitarian law, the sovereignty of Syria and neighboring countries, threaten stability and security in the region, and called on them to stop;
Expressed their conviction that there is no military solution to the Syrian conflict and reaffirmed their commitment to advance a viable and long-term political process, led and implemented by the Syrians themselves, with the assistance of the UN, in accordance with UN Security Council Resolution 2254;
Highlighted the important role of the Constitutional Committee in Geneva, created with the decisive contribution of the guarantor countries of the Astana format in pursuance of the decisions of the Syrian National Dialogue Congress in Sochi;
They noted the need for an early holding of the next, 6th meeting of the editorial commission of the Syrian Constitutional Committee in Geneva. In this regard, reaffirmed their determination to support the work of the Committee through constant interaction with the Syrian parties participating in the Constitutional Committee and the UN Secretary General’s Special Envoy for Syria Geir Pedersen as facilitator to ensure its sustainable and effective work;
Expressed the conviction that in its work the Committee must comply with the terms of reference and the basic rules of procedure so that the Committee can fulfill its mandate to prepare and formulate a constitutional reform subject to popular approval, and make progress in its activities, be guided by a desire for compromise and constructive interaction without foreign interference and imposing deadlines from outside in order to achieve a general agreement of its members;
Reiterated their serious concern over the humanitarian situation in Syria and the impact of the coronavirus pandemic, which greatly complicates the work of the Syrian health system, the socio-economic and humanitarian situation. Rejected all unilateral sanctions that violate international law, international humanitarian law and the UN Charter, especially in the context of the coronavirus pandemic.
Emphasized the need to increase humanitarian assistance to all Syrians throughout the country without discrimination, politicization and preconditions. In order to support the improvement of the humanitarian situation in Syria and progress in the political settlement process, called on the international community, the UN and its humanitarian agencies to increase assistance to Syria, including through the implementation of projects for early recovery, including basic infrastructure facilities – water and electricity, schools, hospitals , as well as humanitarian demining in accordance with international humanitarian law;
Emphasized the importance of facilitating the safe and voluntary return of refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) to their places of residence in Syria, ensuring their right to return and the right to support. In this regard, called on the international community to provide the necessary assistance to Syrian refugees and IDPs and reaffirmed their readiness to continue engaging with all stakeholders, including the Office of the High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and other specialized international organizations;
We welcomed the meeting held on July 2 this year. successful exchange of forcibly held persons within the framework of the Working Group on the Release of Detainees / Hostages, the Transfer of the Dead and the Search for Missing Persons. The operation carried out demonstrated the readiness of the Syrian sides to strengthen mutual confidence measures with the assistance of the guarantor countries of the Astana format, and also confirmed the commitment of the guarantor countries to intensify and expand interaction within the framework of the Working Group;
Noted with satisfaction the participation of the delegations of Jordan, Iraq and Lebanon as observers in the Astana format, as well as representatives of the UN and ICRC;
Expressed sincere gratitude to the Kazakh authorities for holding the 16th International Meeting on Syria in the Astana format in Nur-Sultan;
We decided to hold the 17th International Meeting on Syria in the Astana format in Nur-Sultan by the end of 2021, taking into account the sanitary and epidemiological situation. We reiterated the agreement, enshrined in the final statement of the summit on July 1, 2020, to hold the next trilateral summit in the Islamic Republic of Iran as soon as conditions permit.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.